Classic and Medieval Sources
    Hammurabi (c. 1790 B.C.E.)
    Hammurabi's Code of Laws
    The Code of Hammurabi

    Homer (c. 9th Century B.C.E.)
    The Homeric Hymns
    Epigrams of Homer
    Odyssey   [Study Guide]

    Epic of Gilgamesh (c. 2000 B.C.E.)
    [Gilgamesh Summary]

    The Hebrew Bible (Old Testament)
    Revised Standard Version - Etext Center, UV
    Multiple Versions - Bible Gateway

    Hesiod (fl. c. 700 B.C.E.)
    Theogony   [2nd copy]
    Works and Days   [2nd copy]
    Shield of Heracles   [2nd copy]
    The Catalogues of Women and the Eoiae (fragments)
    The Divination of Birds to Idaean Dactyls
    The Marriage of Ceyx to Doubtful (fragments)
    Online Works

    Aesop (c. 520-460? B.C.E.)
    Fables       [Texts]
    Fables  (Illustrated)

    Aeschylus (c. 525-456 B.C.E.)

    Sophocles (c. 495-406 B.C.E.)  [More info]

    Herodotus (c. 484-425 B.C.E.)
    History  [2nd Copy]

    Euripides (c. 485-406 B.C.E.)

    Thucydides (c. 460-400 B.C.E.)
    History of the Peloponnesian War   [2nd Copy]

    Hippocrates (c. 460-377? B.C.E.)
    Hippocratic Oath
    On Airs, Waters, and Places
    Selected Writings and Commentary
    Medical Writings

    Sun-Tzu (c. 450-380 B.C.E.)
    The Art of War

    Aristophanes (c. 448-380 B.C.E.)

    Plato (c. 427-347 B.C.E.[More info]
    The Republic    [tr. Benjamin Jowett]

    Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.)  [More info]

    Epicurus (c. 341-270 B.C.E.)  [More info]
    Letter to Herodotus
    Letter to Menoecus

    Euclid (c. 365-300 B.C.E.)  [More Bio]
    Elements    (Interactive version)

    Archimedes (c. 287-212 B.C.E.)

    Apollonius of Perga (fl. c. 240 B.C.E.)

    Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.[Plutarch's 'Cicero']
    De Officiis
    Old Age

    Lucretius (c. 95-55 B.C.E.)
    On the Nature of Things

    Virgil (70-19 B.C.E.)

    Horace (65-8 B.C.E.)   [More info]

    Livy, Titus Livius (59 B.C.E.--C.E. 17)
    History of Rome

    Ovid (43 B.C.E.--C.E. 17)  [More info]

    Plutarch (c. 45-125)
    Plutarch's Lives   [FTP]
    Works   [2nd Copy] (Index of writings)

    Tacitus (c. 55-117)
    Histories  [2nd copy]
    Annals     [2nd copy]

    Nicomachus of Gerasa (fl. c. 100 C.E.)
         [Gif of Greek Multiplication Table]

    Epictetus (c. 60-120[More info]
    Golden Sayings
    Enchiridion  [2nd copy]

    Claudius Ptolemy (fl. 127-145)

    Lucian of Samosata (c. 117-c.180)
    Alexander the Oracle-Monger
    Zeus Rants

    Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

    Galen of Pergamum (c. 129-216)
    On Hippocrates' On the Nature of Man
    On the Natural Faculties    [HTML]
    Exhortation to the Study of the Arts, Especially Medicine
    On Diagnosis in Dreams

    The New Testament
    Revised Standard Version - Etext Center, UV
    Multiple Versions - Bible Gateway

    Plotinus (205-270)
    The Enneads  [2nd copy]

    St. Augustine (354-430[More Bio]
    On the Teacher
    Expositions on the Book of Psalms
    On Dialectic
    City of God
    On Christian Doctrine

    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius (470?-524)   [More Bio]
    The Consolation of Philosophy

    Beowulf (c. 700-750)
    [Resources for Study]
    [More Resources]

    St. Anselm (1033-1109)   [More info]
    - Gaunilo's Response to Anselm (In behalf of the Fool)
      - Anselm's Response to Gaunilo (Apologetic)
    Cur Deus Homo
    On God's Existence

    Gottfried von Strassburg (fl. 1210)
    Tristan and Isolde  [Bibliography]

    The Song of Roland (1185-1187)
      2nd Copy-HTML   [PDF Version]

    The Nibelungenlied (c. 1200)
    (Volsunga Saga - The Story of the Volsungs)

    The Saga of Burnt Njal (c. 13th century)

    Magna Carta (1215[2nd copy]

    St. Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225-1274) [More Bio] [Even more]
    Of God and His Creatures   (Annotated)
    On the Principles of Nature
    Commentary on Aristotle's De memoria et reminiscencia
    On the Eternity of the World
    Summa Theologica      [Companion]

    Dante Alighieri (1265-1321)  [More Bio] [Even more]
    The New Life
    On Monarchy
    The Divine Comedy

    Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375[More Bio]
    The Decameron  (text version)

    Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1340-1400)
    Troilus and Criseyde
    The Canterbury Tales    [In Middle English]
    The Legend of Good Women
    The Book of the Duchesse
    The House of Fame
    The Parliament of Fowles
    A Treatise on the Astrolabe
    Complete Works with Commentary

    Sir Gawayne and the Grene Knight (ca. 1375-1400)
      [2nd copy]  [PDF Version]

    Thomas À Kempis (1380-1471)
    The Imitation of Christ   [2nd Copy]

    Sir Thomas Malory (c. 1446-1471)
    Le Morte d'Arthur v.1
    Le Morte d'Arthur v.2

    Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

    Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494)
    Oration on the Dignity of Man

    Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527)  [More Bio] [Even more]
    The Prince
    Discourses on Livy
          Machiavelli by Thomas Macaulay

    Desiderius Erasmus (1469-1536)  [More info]
    The Praise of Folly
    Colloquia - Concerning Men, Manners, and Things
    Complete Works

    Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543)
    On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

    Sir Thomas More (1477-1535)  [More Bio]
    The History of King Richard the Third
    Last Letter, To Daughter

    Martin Luther (1483-1546)   [More info]
    Table Talk
    On the Freedom of a Christian
    95 Theses (HTML)
    An Open Letter to the Christian Nobility
    Address to the Nobility
    Treatise on Good Works

    Francois Rabelais (c. 1494-1553)
    Gargantua and Pantagruel

    John Calvin (1509-1564)  [More Bio]
    Institutes of the Christian Religion
    The Necessity of Reforming the Church

    Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592)
    Of Books
    That We Should Not Judge of Our Happiness
       Until After Our Death
    Of Friendship
    Of The Institution and Education of Children

    William Gilbert (1540-1603)

    Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616)
    Don Quixote
       H-Cervantes Online

    Edmund Spenser (c. 1552-1599) [More info]  [Even more]
    The Faërie Queene
    Amoretti and Epithalamion
    Astrophel, etc.
    Colin Clouts Come Home Againe
    The Foure Hymnes
    Shepheardes Calendar
    Selected Poetry

    Francis Bacon (1561-1626)  [More info]
    Advancement of Learning
    Essays Or Counsels - Civil and Moral
    Argument That Bacon Authored Shakespeare
    Novum Organum
    Experiments Touching Sulphur and Mercury
    New Atlantis   [2nd copy]
    Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning
       Divine and Humane
    Experiment Solitary, Touching the Making of Gold

    Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593)
    Tamburlaine the Great
    The Jew of Malta
    Passionate Shepherd To His Love  [2nd copy]
    Doctor Faustus
    Dido, Queen of Carthage
    Edward II
    Nature That Framed Us of Four Elements
    Hero and Leander the First Sestiad  [2nd copy]
    Amorous Neptune
    The Massacre at Paris
    Ovid's Elegies

    William Shakespeare (1564-1616)  [Bio]
    Poetry and Plays
      [Hamlet Study Guide]
      [Julius Caesar Study Guide]
      [King Lear Study Guide]
      [Much Ado About Nothing Study Guide]
      [Romeo and Juliet Study Guide]
      [The Taming of the Shew Study Guide]

    Galileo Galilei (1564-1642[More Info]
    The Starry Messenger   [Lecture]

    Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)

    Ben Jonson (1573-1637)
    The Alchemist  [2nd copy]
    Bartholomew Fair
    Epigrams: To John Donne
    Essay on Shakespeare
    On Lord Francis Bacon
    Cynthia's Revels
    Every Man in his Humour
    The New Inn
    Selected Poetry and Prose

    William Harvey (1578-1657)
    On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals

    Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)  [More info[Even more]
    The Leviathan  [2nd copy]
    De Cive
    Of Liberty and Necessity
    Seven Philosophical Problems
    The Art of Sophistry
    Decameron Physiologicum
    Dialogue Between a Philosopher and a Student...
    The Whole Art of Rhetoric
    The Elements of Law, Natural and Politic

    Rene Descartes (1596-1650)   [More Bio]
    Discourse on the Method   [2nd copy]
    Meditations on First Philosophy

    John Milton (1608-1674)   [More info]
    Shorter Poems
    Of Education
    Paradise Lost    [2nd copy]
    Paradise Regained    [2nd copy]
    Comus, A Mask
    The Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce
    The History of Britian
    Il Penseroso
    Samson Agonistes
    Poetical Works Online
    Online Works