[ Back | Home ]
[Cite as Brown v. State, 114 Ga. 60, 39 S.E.
BROWN v. STATE.
(Supreme Court of Georgia. Nov. 6, 1901.)
CARRYING WEAPONS--EVIDENCE--CONSTITUTIONALITY OF
1. The provisions of Pen. Code, §
341, which prohibits the carrying of concealed weapons, are sufficiently
broad to embrace the carrying of such weapons by a person within the limits of
his own home.
2. This court will never pass upon the
constitutionality of an act of the general assembly unless it clearly appears in
the record that the point was directly and properly made in the court below, and
distinctly passed on by the trial judge.
3. The evidence authorized the verdict, and there
was no error in refusing to grant a new trial.
(Syllabus by the Court.)
Error from city court of Elberton; P. P. Proffitt,
Joe Brown was convicted of carrying concealed weapons, and brings
I. Van Duzer, for plaintiff in error. Thos. J.
Brown, for the State.
COBB, J. The accused was tried upon an accusation
charging him with having and carrying about his person a concealed pistol. It
appears from the evidence that at the time the pistol was carried in the manner
just referred to the accused was in his own home. The court charged the jury
"that a man has no right to carry a pistol in the manner prohibited by law (that
is, concealed on his person), even though he might be carrying the same for the
purpose of defending and protecting his own home, his person, or his property,
and might be at the time he so carried it in his own house or home." Upon this
charge there is a general assignment of error, and it was argued here by counsel
for plaintiff in error that the charge was erroneous for two reasons: First,
because the statute prohibiting the carrying of concealed weapons did not apply
when a man was in his own home; and, second, that, if the statute could be
properly so construed, it was to that extent unconstitutional. The statute
declares that "any person having or carrying about his person, unless in an open
manner and fully exposed to view, any pistol * * * shall be guilty of
a misdemeanor." Pen. Code, § 341 . The statute is broad
enough to embrace any and all places, and there is nothing in it to indicate a
legislative intent that the statute should not apply when the person carrying
the concealed pistol was at the time within the confines of his own home. But it
is claimed that the general assembly had no authority, under the constitution,
to pass an act so broad in its terms. There is nothing in the record to indicate
that such a question was ever passed upon by the presiding judge. The motion for
a new trial contains only the general grounds and an assignment of error (p.874) upon the charge complained of, which is quoted
above; and this assignment is merely a general one, without specifying any
reason why the charge is erroneous. It is well settled now that, before this
court will undertake to pass upon the constitutionality of an act of the general
assembly, it must clearly appear from the record not only what clause or
paragraph of the constitution the statute is claimed to be in violation of, but
it must also in like manner appear that the question so made was actually
presented to the presiding judge, and distinctly passed upon by him. See Railway Co. v. Hardin, 110 Ga. 433, 437, 35 S.E. 681 . The
evidence authorized the verdict, and the rulings complained of were not
erroneous for any reason appearing in the record.
Judgment affirmed. All the Justices concurring.