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[Cite as Kinkead v. State. 45 Ark., 536
Kinkead v. The State.
1. Jurisdiction: Change
of venue from one justice to another. Kinkead, charged with a misdemeanor
before a justice of the peace of Hot Spring township, obtained a change of venue
to Justice Allen, of Sulphur township, But was tried, without objection, before
Justice Steigler, of that township, and was convicted, and appealed to the
circuit court. He there objected to Steigler's jurisdiction because he was not
the justice to whom the case was sent. Held: That
Steigler had jurisdiction of the offense, and it was too late on appeal to
object to the jurisdiction over the person.
2. Criminal Procedure:
Defective warrant before J. P.
A defective statement in a warrant of
arrest, of the crime for which a defendant is prosecuted before a justice of the
peace, does not affect the subsequent proceedings. It has already performed its
office in bringing the accused before the justice for trial.
3. Carrying Weapons: On
one's own premises.
A mere contractor and supervisor of the erection of a
building for another cannot carry weapons about the building as upon his own
premises. The exception in the statute protects only such as have an interest or
estate in the real property which constitutes the premises.
APPEAL from Garland Circuit Court. Hon.
J. B. Wood, Circuit Judge.(p.537)
John M. Harrell for Appellant.
1. The justice, Steigler, had no authority or jurisdiction to try
appellant. The change of venue was to ------ Allen, J. P., of Sulphur township.
Mansf. Dig., Sec. 2358, 2380; 38 Ark.,
524; 36 Id., 268; 38
Id., 221; 35 Id., 329.
2. The justice not having jurisdiction, the circuit court had none on
appeal. 5 Ark., 27, 366; 6 Id.,
375; 10 Id., 266; 32
3. The warrant did not state facts to constitute a public offense.
Const., Art. 2, Sec. 10; Mansf.
Dig., Secs. 1966, 1910. He must be tried in circuit court for same
offense. 36 Ark., 222.
4. Appellant was upon his own premises, and within the exceptions of
the act. He was in charge of the building and contents. 34
Dan W. Jones, Attorney General, for
No affidavit was necessary. Sec. 1964, Mansf.
Dig. The transcript, when made out by the first justice, was
evidently intended for the one that tried the case, for he was the only officer
holding the position in the township.
The amendment of the warrant in the circuit court did no harm to the
appellant, for it had served its purpose in bringing him before the court, and
was of no further effect. Watson v. State, 29 Ark.,
299. The appellant should not have packed his pistol about with
Smith, J. Kinkead was
charged, before a justice of the peace of Hot Spring township, in Garland
county, with carrying a pistol as a weapon. He obtained a change of venue,
(p.538)and the cause was directed to be sent to
Justice Allen, in Sulphur township. The trial took place, without objection, so
far as appears, before Justice Steigler, whose docket entry recites that he was
the only justice of the peace in Sulphur township. The defendant having been
convicted, and having appealed to the circuit court, sought there to question
the authority of Steigler to hear and determine the case, he not being the
justice to whom the case was transferred. But he had jurisdiction to try the
offense with which the defendant was charged; and it is too late on appeal to
object to the jurisdiction over the person. Townsend v.
Timmons, 44 Ark., 482; K. C., S & M. R. R. v.
Summers, ante, and cases cited.
Various attempts were also made to take advantage of the form of the
original warrant upon which the defendant had been arrested. It was urged that
it did not specify with sufficient particularity the offense intended to be
charged. The circuit court finally quashed the warrant, but gave leave to the
prosecuting attorney to amend the form of it. This was superfluous, and the
circuit court might well have declined to listen to such objections. The warrant
had already performed its office, viz.: to bring the defendant before the
justice who issued it, to be dealt with according to law. A defective statement
in it of the crime for which the defendant was prosecuted, would have no effect
upon the subsequent proceedings. Watson v. State, 29 Ark.,
Upon trial the defendant was convicted, and he now claims that he
was within the exception to Section 1907 of Mansfield's
Digest, which provides that the statute is not to be so construed as
to prohibit any person from carrying a weapon upon his own premises. The
evidence showed that he was a contractor engaged in the erection of a certain
building for other parties; and he was arrested in the building while in the
supervision of the work, and the pistol was found upon his person. The exception
only protects such as have an estate or interest in the (p.539)real property which constitutes the premises. Obviously
a builder, having merely a lien for his work and materials, has no such