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[Cite as Johnson v. State, 11 Ala. App. 301, 66
South. 875 (1914).]
JOHNSON v. STATE. (No. 152.)
(Court of Appeals of Alabama. Nov. 26, 1914.)
Weapons--Question for Jury.
In a prosecution for carrying a weapon on
premises not defendant's own, defendant's evidence that he found the pistol on
the ground and picked it up and never moved from the spot before it was taken
from him is sufficient, as against a motion for an affirmative charge by the
state, to take the question of his guilt to the jury.
Appeal from Circuit Court, Russell County; M.
Golden Johnson was convicted for carrying a weapon on premises not
his own, and he appeals. Reversed and remanded.
Barnes, Denson & Denson, of Opelika, for
appellant. R. C. Brickell, Atty. Gen., and T. H. Seay, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the
PELHAM, P. J. The defendant was indicted for
carrying a pistol concealed about his person on premises not his own or under
his control. The indictment was framed under the provisions of the act approved August 26, 1909, to regulate the right to carry a pistol in
this state. Acts 1909, p. 258.
On the trial two witnesses were examined in behalf of the state, who
testified, in substance, that they saw the defendant, on private property not
his own or under his control, with a pistol in his hand; that the defendant had
the pistol in his hand but a very short time, holding it behind his back during
part of the time, when one of the witnesses stepped up to him and took it out of
his hand. Neither of the state's witnesses saw where the defendant got the
pistol. The first time they saw it, the defendant had it in his hand. The
defendant as a witness in his own behalf testified that he picked it up from the
ground immediately before the state's witnesses saw it in his hand; that a
companion who was with him reached for the pistol when be picked it up, and that
he then held it behind his back, telling his companion to "wait," whereupon the
state's witness took it; that the pistol was not his; that he did not carry it
on the premises, but found it there on the ground, and did not have it in his
hand more than two minutes when it was taken out of his hand. All of the
testimony was to the effect that the defendant did not "move out of his tracks"
from the time he was seen with the pistol in his hand until it was taken from
Under this state of the evidence, the court was in error in giving
the general charge for the state. The conclusion of guilt was not the only
inference that could properly be drawn from the evidence, and the case should
have been submitted to the jury to draw such inference or inferences from the
evidence as they, as the sole triors of the facts authorized to draw inferences,
deemed proper and justified. There is no distinction, in the principle of law
announced, between the instant case and Nichols v. State, 4 Ala.
App. 115, 58 South. 681, and it is
Reversed and remanded.