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Second Amendment

Journals

Published academic scholarship on the Second Amendment


Last updated: August 14, 1999

1. - Amar, Akhil R., The Bill of Rights as a Constitution, 100 Yale L.J. 1131, 1162-1175 (1991). [PDF] 57k

2. - Barnett, Randy E., The Relevance of the Framers' Intent, 19 Harv. J. of L. & Pub. Pol'y 403-410 (1996). [PDF] 27k

3. - _____, & Kates, Don B., Under Fire: The New Consensus on the Second Amendment, 45 Emory L.J. 1140-1259 (1996). [PDF] 467k

4. - Batey, Robert, Strict Construction of Firearms Offenses: The Supreme Court and the Gun Control Act of 1968, 49 L. & Contemp. Probs. 163-198 (1986). [PDF] 177k

5. - Blodgett-Ford, Sayoko, Do Battered Women Have a Right to Bear Arms?, 11 Yale L. & Pol. Rev. 509-560 (1993). [PDF] 221k

6. - Bursor, Scott, Toward a Functional Framework for Interpreting the Second Amendment, 74 Texas L. Rev. 1125-1151 (1996). [PDF] 115k

7. - Cantrell, Charles L., The Right to Bear Arms: A Reply, 53 Wis. B. Bull. 21-26 (Oct. 1980). [PDF] 38k

8. - Caplan, David I., The Right of the Individual to Bear Arms: A Recent Judicial Trend, 4 Det. L. Rev. 789-823 (1982). [PDF] 132k

9. - _____, Restoring the Balance: The Second Amendment Revisited, 5 Fordham L.J. 31-53 (1976). [PDF] 87k

10. - Cottrol, Robert J. & Diamond, Raymond T., The Fifth Auxiliary Right, 104 Yale L.J. 995-1026 (1995). [PDF] 142k

11. - _____, "Never Intended to be Applied to the White Population": Firearms Regulation and Racial Disparity--The Redeemed South's Legacy to a National Jurisprudence?, 70 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 1307-1335 (1995). [PDF] 134k

12. - _____, The Second Amendment: Toward an Afro-Americanist Reconsideration, 80 Georgetown L.J. 309-361 (1991). [PDF] 244k

13. - Cramer, Clayton E., The Racist Roots of Gun Control, 4 Kansas J. of L. & Pub. Pol. 17-25 (1995). [HTML]  

14. - _____ & Kopel, David B., "Shall Issue": The New Wave of Concealed Handgun Permit Laws, 62 Tenn. L. Rev. 679-757 (1994). [HTML]  

15. - Denning, Brannon P., Professional Discourse, The Second Amendment and the "Talking Head Constitutionalism" Counterrevolution: A Review Essay, 21 So. Ill. U. L.J. 227-253 (1997). [PDF] 105k

16. - _____, Palladium of Liberty? Causes and Consequences of the Federalization of State Militias in the Twentieth Century, 21 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 191-245 (1996). [PDF] 178k

17. - _____, Can the Simple Cite be Trusted?: Lower Court Interpretations of United States v. Miller and the Second Amendment, 26 Cumb. L. Rev. 961-1004 (1996). [PDF] 163k

18. - _____ & Reynolds, Glenn Harlan, It Takes a Militia: A Communitarian Case for Compulsory Arms Bearing, 5 Wm. & Mary Bill Rts. J. 185-214 (1996). [PDF] 123k

19. - Dennis, Anthony J., Clearing the Smoke From the Right to Bear Arms and the Second Amendment, 29 Akron L. Rev. 1-92 (1995). [PDF] 148k

20. - Dillon, John F., & Thompson, S.D., eds., The Right to Keep and Bear Arms for Private and Public Defence, 1 Central L. J. 259-261, 273-275, 285-287, 295-296 (1874). [PDF] 50k New

21. - Dorf, Robert C., "Use" and the Irresistible Impulse to Legislate, 12 Touro Law Review 123-142 (1995). [HTML]  

22. - Dowlut, Robert, The Right to Keep and Bear Arms: A Right to Self-Defense Against Criminals and Despots, 8 Stanford L. & Pol. Rev. 25-40 (1997). [PDF] 109k

23. - _____, Bearing Arms in State Bills of Rights, Judicial Interpretation, and Public Housing, 5 St. Thomas L. Rev. 203-214 (1992). [PDF] 52k

24. - _____, Federal and State Constitutional Guarantees to Arms, 15 U. Dayton L. Rev. 1-89 (1989). [PDF] 134k

25. - _____, The Right to Arms: Does the Constitution or the Predilection of Judges Reign?, 36 Oklahoma L. Rev. 65-105 (1983). [PDF] 167k

26. - _____ & Knoop, Janet A., State Constitutions and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 7 Okla. City U. L. Rev. 177-241 (1982). [PDF] 237k

27. - Ehrman, Keith A. & Henigan, Dennis A., The Second Amendment in the Twentieth Century: Have You Seen Your Militia Lately?, 15 U. Dayton L. Rev. 5 (1989). [HTML]  

28. - Emory, Lucilius A., The Constitutional Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 28 Harv. L. Rev. 473-477 (1915). [PDF] 13k

29. - Featherstone, James J., Gardiner, Richard E., Dowlut, Robert, The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution Guarantees an Individual Right To Keep and Bear Arms, 97th Cong., 2d Sess. 83-109 (Comm. print 1982). [PDF] 93k

30. - Funk, Markus T., Gun Control and Economic Discrimination: The Melting-Point Case-in-Point, 85 N.W. U. J. of Crim. L. & Crim. 764-806 (1995). [PDF] 184k

31. - _____, Is the True Meaning of the Second Amendment Really Such a Riddle? Tracing the Historical "Origins of an Anglo-American Right", 39 Howard L.J. 411-436 (1995). [PDF]

32. - Gardiner, Richard E., To Preserve Liberty--A Look at the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 10 N. Ky. L. Rev. 63-96 (1982). [PDF] 126k

33. - Gottlieb, Alan M., Gun Ownership: A Constitutional Right, 10 N. Ky. L. Rev. 113-140 (1982). [PDF] 91k

34. - Halbrook, Stephen P., Second Class Citizenship and the Second Amendment in the District of Columbia, 5 GMU Civ. Rts. L.J. 105-178 (1995). [PDF] 235k

35. - _____, Personal Security, Personal Liberty, and "The Constitutional Right to Bear Arms": Visions of the Framers of the Fourteenth Amendment, 5 Seton Hall Const. L.J. 341-434 (1995). [PDF] 293k

36. - _____, Congress Interprets the Second Amendment: Declarations by a Co-Equal Branch on the Individual Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 62 Tenn. L. Rev. 597-641 (1995). [PDF] 170k

37. - _____, The Right of the People or the Power of the State: Bearing Arms, Arming Militias, and the Second Amendment, 26 Val. U. L.Rev. 131-207 (1991). [PDF] 257k

38. - _____, The Right to Bear Arms in Texas: The Intent of the Framers of the Bill of Rights, 41 Baylor L. Rev. 629-688 (1989). [PDF] 218k

39. - _____, Encroachments of the Crown on the Liberty of the Subject: Pre-Revolutionary Origins of the Second Amendment, 15 U. Dayton L. Rev. 91-124 (1989). [PDF] 121k

40. - _____, What the Framers Intended: A Linguistic Analysis of the Right to "Bear Arms", 49 Law & Contemp. Probs. 151-162 (1986). [PDF] 57k

41. - _____, The Right to Bear Arms in the First State Bills of Rights: Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Vermont, and Massachusetts, 49 Vt. L. Rev. 255-320 (1985). [PDF] 225k

42. - _____, The Fourteenth Amendment and the Right To Keep and Bear Arms: The Intent of the Framers, 97th Cong., 2d Sess. 68-82 (Comm. print 1982). [PDF] 62k

43. - _____, To Keep and Bear Their Private Arms: The Adoption of the Second Amendment, 1787-1791, 10 N. Ky. L. Rev. 13-39 (1982). [PDF] 96k

44. - _____, The Jurisprudence of the Second and Fourteenth Amendments, 4 GMU L. Rev. 1-69 (1981). [PDF] 250k

45. - Hardy, David T., The Second Amendment and the Historiography of the Bill of Rights, 4 J. of Law & Pol. 1-62 (1987). [PDF] 214k

46. - _____, The Firearms Owners' Protection Act: A Historical and Legal Perspective, 17 Cumb. L. Rev. 585-682 (1987). [PDF] 380k

47. - _____, Armed Citizens, Citizen Armies: Toward a Jurisprudence of the Second Amendment, 9 Harv. J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 559-638 (1986). [PDF] 287k

48. - _____, Historical Bases of the Right To Keep and Bear Arms, 97th Cong., 2d Sess. 45-67 (Comm. print 1982). [PDF] 88k

49. - Henigan, Dennis A., Arms, Anarchy and the Second Amendment, 26 Val. U. L. Rev. 107 (1991). [HTML]  

50. - Johnson, Nicholas E., Principles and Passions: The Intersection of Abortion and Gun Rights, 50 Rutgers L. Rev. 97-197 (1997). [PDF] 329k

51. - _____, Beyond the Second Amendment: An Individual Right to Arms Viewed Through the Ninth Amendment, 24 Rutgers L.J. 1-81 (1992). [PDF] 281k

52. - Kates, Don B. Jr., Gun Control: Separating Reality from Symbolism, 20 J. Contemp. L. 353-379 (1994). [PDF] 100k

53. - _____, The Second Amendment and the Ideology of Self-Protection, 9 Const. Comm. 87-104 (1992). [PDF] 60k

54. - _____, Bigotry, Symbolism and Ideology in the Battle over Gun Control, Pub. Interest L. Rev. 31-46 (1992). [PDF] 45k

55. - _____, The Value of Civilian Handgun Possession as a Deterrent to Crime or a Defense Against Crime, 18 Am. J. of Crim. Law 113-167 (1991). [PDF] 225k

56. - _____, The Second Amendment: A Dialogue, 49 L. & Contemp. Probs. 143-150 (1986). [PDF] 37k

57. - _____, Handgun Prohibition and the Original Meaning of the Second Amendment, 82 Mich. L. Rev. 204-273 (1983). [PDF] 308k

58. - _____, Schaffer, Henry E., Lattimer, John K., Murray, George B., Cassem, Edwin H., Guns and Public Health: Epidemic of Violence or Pandemic of Propaganda?, 62 Tenn. L. Rev. 513-596 (1994). [PDF] 364k

59. - Kopel, David B., It Isn't About Duck Hunting: The British Origins of the Right to Arms, 93 Mich. L. Rev. 1335-1362 (1995). [PDF] 124k

60. - _____, The Ideology of Gun Ownership and Gun Control in the United States, 18 Qtl'y J. of Ideology 3-34 (1995). [PDF] 76k

61. - _____, Lethal Laws, 15 N.Y. L. Sch. J. of Int. & Comp. L. 355-398 (1995). [PDF] 145k

62. - _____, Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, 20 J. of Contemp. L. 381-417 (1994). [PDF] 125k

63. - _____, Peril or Protection? The Risks and Benefits of Handgun Prohibition, 12 St. Louis U. Pub. L. Rev. 285-359 (1993). [HTML]  

64. - _____, Japanese Gun Control, 12 Asia Pac. L. Rev 26-52 (1993). [PDF] 90k

65. - _____, Canadian Gun Control: Should the United States Look North for a Solution to its Firearms Problem?, 5 Temple Int'l & Comp. L.J. 1-50 (1991). [PDF] 228k

66. - _____ & Cramer, Clayton E. & Hattrup, Scott G., A Tale of Three Cities: The Right to Bear Arms in State Supreme Courts, 68 Temple L. Rev. 1177-1240 (1995). [PDF] 288k

67. - _____ & Gardiner, Richard E., The Sullivan Principles: Protecting the Second Amendment from Civil Abuse, 56 Seton Hall Legis. J. 737-775 (1995). [PDF] 134k

68. - _____ & Little, Christopher C., Communitarians, Neorepublicans, and Guns: Assessing the Case for Firearms Prohibition, 56 Maryland L. Rev. 438-554 (1997). [PDF] 476k

69. - Levin, John, The Right to Bear Arms: The Development of the American Experience, 48 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 148-167 (1971). [PDF] 65k

70. - Levinson, Sanford, The Embarrassing Second Amendment, 99 Yale L.J. 637-659 (1989). [PDF] 94k

71. - Lott & Mustard, Crime, Deterrence, and Right-to-Carry Concealed Handguns, 26 U. Chi. J. of L. Stud. -- (1997). [PDF]  

72. - Lund, Nelson, The Past and Future of the Individual's Right to Arms, 31 Ga. L. Rev. 1-76 (1996). [PDF] 253k

73. - _____, The Second Amendment, Political Liberty, and the Right to Self-Preservation, 39 Ala. L. Rev. 103-130 (1987). [PDF] 96k

74. - Malcolm, Joyce Lee, The Right of the People to Keep and Bear Arms: The Common Law Tradition, 10 Hastings Const. L.Q. 285-314 (1983). [PDF] 113k

75. - Moncure, Thomas M. Jr., Who is the Militia--The Virginia Ratification Convention and the Right to Bear Arms, 19 Lincoln L. Rev. 1-25 (1990). [PDF] 85k

76. -Polsby, Daniel D. & Kates, Don. B., Jr., Of Holocausts and Gun Control, 75 Wash. U. L.Q. 1237- (1997). [HTML]  

77. - Powe, L.A., Guns, Words, and Constitutional Interpretation, 38 Wm & Mary L. Rev. 1311-1403 (1997). [PDF] 331k

78. - Quinlan, Michael J., Is There a Neutral Justification for Refusing to Implement the Second Amendment or is the Supreme Court Just "Gun Shy"?, 22 Cap. U. L. Rev. 641-692 (1993). [PDF] 194k

79. - Reynolds, Glenn H., A Critical Guide to the Second Amendment, 62 Tenn. L. Rev. 461-512 (1995). [PDF] 210k

80. - _____, The Right to Keep and Bear Arms under the Tennessee Constitution: A Case Study in Civic Republican Thought, 61 Tenn. L. Rev. 647-673 (1994). [PDF] 105k

81. - _____, & Kates, Don B., Jr., The Second Amendment and States' Rights: A Thought Experiment, 36 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1737-1768 (1995). [PDF] 108k

82. - Shalhope, Robert E.,, The Armed Citizen in the Early Republic, 49 L. & Contemp. Probs. 125-141 (1986). [PDF] 71k

83. - _____, The Ideological Origins of the Second Amendment, 69 J. of Am. Hist. 599-614 (1982). [PDF] 61k

84. - Shelton, Gregory Lee, In Search of the Lost Amendment: Challenging Federal Firearms Regulation Through the State's Right Interpretation of the Second Amendment, 23 Fla. St. U. L. Rev. -- (1995). [HTML]  

85. - Sprecher, Robert A., The Lost Amendment, 51 A.B.A. J. 554-557 (June 1965). [PDF] 30k

86. - _____, The Lost Amendment, 51 A.B.A. J. 665-669 (July 1965). [PDF] 35k

87. - United States Senate, Report of the Senate Judiciary Committee Subcommittee on the Constitution, 97th Cong., 2d Sess., The Right to Keep and Bear Arms [PDF]
Committee Print I-IX, 1-175 (1982).  

88. - Van Alstyne, William, The Second Amendment and the Personal Right to Arms, 43 Duke L.J. 1236-1255 (1994). [PDF] 69k

89. - Vandercoy, David E., The History of the Second Amendment, 28 Val. L. Rev. 1007-1039 (1994). [PDF] 127k

90. - Volokh, Eugene, The Commonplace Second Amendment, 73 NYU L. Rev. 793- (1998). [HTML]  

91. - _____, The Amazing Vanishing Second Amendment, 73 NYU L. Rev. 831- (1998). [HTML]  

92. - _____, Cottrol, Robert J., Levinson, Sanford, Powe, L.A. Jr., Reynolds, Glenn H., The Second Amendment as Teaching Tool in Constitutional Law Classes, 73 J. of L. Ed. -- (forthcoming 1998). [HTML]  

93. - Weatherup, Roy G., Standing Armies And Armed Citizens: An Historical Analysis of The Second Amendment, 2 Hastings Const. L.Q. 961-1001 (1975). [PDF] 133k

94. - Weiss, Jonathan A., A Reply to Advocates of Gun-Control Law, 52 J. of Urb. Law 557-589 (1974). [PDF] 42k

95. - Williams, David C., The Unitary Second Amendment, 73 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 822-830 (1998). [PDF] 33k

96. - _____, The Militia Movement and Second Amendment Revolution: Conjuring with the People, 81 Cornell L. Rev. 879-952 (1996). [PDF] 287k

97. - _____, Civic Republicanism and the Citizen Militia: The Terrifying Second Amendment, 101 Yale L.J. 551-615 (1991).[PDF]

98. - Steinberg, David J., Does the Second Amendment mean what it says?, 24-26. [PDF] 10k

99. - Beard, Michael K. & Fields, Samuel S., National Coalition to Ban Handguns, statement on the Second Amendment, 27-44. [PDF] 30k

100. - Featherstone, James J. & Gardiner, Richard E. & Dowlut, Robert, The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution Guarantees an Individual Right To Keep and Bear Arms, 83-109. [PDF] 92k

101. - Weatherup, Roy G., An Historical Analysis of The Second Amendment, 130-170 (reprinted from 2 Hastings Const. L.Q. 961-1001 (1975)). [PDF] 132k

102. - Committee on Federal Legislation (N.Y. City Bar Assoc.), Gun Control Legislation, 171-175. [PDF] 17k

103. - Amar, Akhil R., Second Thoughts: What the right to bear arms really means, The New Republic ___ (July 12, 1999). [HTML]  

104. - Cottrol, Robert J., A Liberal Democrat's Lament: Gun Control is Racist, Sexist and Classist, The American Enterprise ___ (Sept./Oct. 1999). [HTML]   New

105. - Dowlut, Robert, The Right to Keep and Bear Arms in State Bills of Rights and Judicial Interpretation, 5 J. on Firearms & Pub. Pol'y. 153-163 (1993). [PDF] 30k

106. - Funk, Markus T., Straight Shooters, Reason (Aug./Sept. 1997). [HTML]

107. - _____, A New Way to Control Crime? 'Saturday Night Specials' Bans Haven't Worked, Investor's Business Daily Feb. 6, 1996 at A1 (Charles Oliver quoting Funk). [HTML] 11k

108. - _____, Control the Guns or the Criminals?, Wash. Times (Jul. 6, 1995) at A16 (Walter Williams quoting Funk). [HTML] 5k

109. - _____, Are Gun Control Laws Discriminatory?, 3 Might Magazine (1994) at 59-60. [PDF] 15k

110. - Gallant, Paul & Kopel, David B., The "Psychic Cost" of Holiday Gift-Giving, Independence Institute, OpEd (Dec. 1997). [HTML]  

111. - _____, Of guns, automobiles, and summer vacations, Las Vegas Rev.-Jrnl. (Aug. 1998). HTML]  

112. - Halbrook, Stephen P., The Right to Keep and Bear Arms under the Second and Fourteenth Amendments: The Framers' Intent and Supreme Court Jurisprudence, 5 J. on Firearms & Pub. Pol'y. 7-28 (1993). [PDF] 63k

113. - Heller, Scott, The Right to Bear Arms: Some prominent scholars are taking a new look at the Second Amendment, Chronicle of Higher Ed. (July 1995). [PDF] 14k

114. - Kates, Don B., Jr., Making a Case for Gun Ownership: Israeli-US Contrasts, The Christian Science Monitor (Aug. 17, 1997). [HTML]13K

115. - _____, Guns, Murders and the Constitution: A Realistic Assessment of Gun Control, Pacific Research Foundation i-iv, 1-64 (Feb. 1990). [PDF] 257k

116. - _____, Schaffer, Henry E., Waters, William B., IV, Public Health Pot Shots: How the CDC succumbed to the Gun "Epidemic", Reason (Apr. 1997). [HTML]  

117. - Kopel, David B., How Strict are U.S., Colorado, and Local Gun Control Laws?, Independence Institute, Issue Paper (Aug. 20, 1999). [HTML]   New

118. - _____, The Militias Are Coming, Reason 57 (Aug./Sept. 1996). [HTML]  

119. - _____, Guns, Germs, and Science: Public Health Approaches to Gun Control, Independence Institute, Issue Paper (Oct. 1994). [HTML]  

120. - Little, Chris & Kopel, David B., Gun Prohibitionists Miss their Mark, Independence Institute, Op-Ed (Aug. 1997). [HTML]  

121. - Lott, John R., License to Kill?: Careful look at critical study actually backs gun permit holders, Dallas Morning News (Feb. 8, 1998) at 6J. [HTML]  

122. - Malcolm, Joyce Lee, The Role of the Militia in the Development of the Englishman's Right to be Armed: Clarifying the Legacy, 5 J. on Firearms & Pub. Pol'y. 139-151 (1993). [PDF] 35k

123. - Morgan, Richard E., Distrust of Government from the Edges -- Militias, Hate Groups, etc: What should be the prudent response?, 3 The Sovereign Citizen (1996): Nichols College, Symposium (Nov. 15, 1995). [HTML]  

124. - Polsby, Daniel D., The Closed American Mind; From the Hip, National Review (Mar. 24, 1997). [HTML]  

125. - _____, Second Reading: Treating the Second Amendment as normal constitutional law, Reason (Mar. 1996). [HTML]  

126. - Reynolds, Glenn H., The Minuteman: Restoring an Army of the People, Reason (May 1999). [HTML]  

127. - Tonso, William R., Shooting Blind -- Press Coverage of the "assault weapon" controversy suggests that most jounalists know very little about guns and are not interested in learning, Reason (Nov. 1995). [HTML]  

128. - _____, Big Brother and the Second Amendment, Indepenence Institute, Op-Ed (Oct. 1 1993). [HTML]

129. - _____, Gun Control: White Man's Law, 17 Reason 22 (Dec. 1985). [PDF] 18k

130. - Wright, James D., Guns and Sputter, Reason (July 1989). [PDF] 12k

131. - Jury Nullification: THE TOP SECRET CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT. [PDF] 10k

132. - Fletcher of Saltoun, Selected writings   [HTML] 15k

133. - Second thoughts on the Second Amendment. [HTML] 12k

134. - Can Soldiers be Peace Officers - A hard look at the Military. [PDF] 10k

135. - The Unwarrented Warrent: The WACO Search Warrant. [HTML] 12k

136. - Preventing A Reign Of  Terror: Or is it creating more Terror. [HTML] 14k

137. - FIGHTING BACK:  Crime, Self-Defense, and The Right To Carry a Handgun. [HTML] 15k

138. - Your Right Of Defense Against Unlawful Arrest. [HTML] 14k

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