Antifederalist Papers

Selected and edited by Morton Borden

No Author/No. Title Yr Mo Da
1 A Federalist General Introduction: A Dangerous Plan of Benefit only to the "Aristocratick Combination" 1787 Nov 26
2 William Grayson "We have been told of Phantoms" 1788 Jun 11
3 Unsigned New Constitution Creates a National Government, Will not Abate Foreign Influence, Dangers of Civil War and Despotism 1788 Mar 7
4 Patrick Henry Foreign Wars, Civil Wars, and Indian Wars — Three Bugbears 1788 Jun 5
5 An Observer Scotland and England — A Case in Point 1787 Dec 3
6 Centinel #11 The Hobgoblins of Anarchy and Dissentions Among the States 1788 Jan 16
7 Philanthropos Adoption of the Constitution Will Lead to Civil War 1787 Dec 6
8 A Federal Republican "The Power Vested in Congress of Sending Troops for Suppressing Insurrections Will Always Enable Them to Stifle the First Struggles of Freedom" 1788 Mar 5
9 Montezuma A Consolidated Government is a Tyranny 1787 Oct 17
10 A Farmer On the Preservation of Parties, Public Liberty Depends 1788 Mar 18
11 Agrippa Unrestricted Power Over Commerce Should not be Given the National Government 1787 Dec 14-28
12 Cincinnatus How Will the New Government Raise Money? 1787 Nov 29
13(1) A Farmer The Expense of the New Government (Part 1) 1788 Jan 11
13(2) Unsigned The Expense of the New Government (Part 2) 1787 Oct 17
14 Cato #3 Extent of Territory Under Consolidated Government Too Large to Preserve Liberty or Protect Property 1787 Oct 25
15 Unsigned Rhode Island is Right! 1787 Dec 7
16 Alfred Europeans Admire and Federalists Decry the Present System 1787 Dec 25
17 Brutus Federalist Power Will Ultimately Subvert State Authority
18-20 An Old Whig What Does History Teach? (Part 1) 1787 Nov 27
18-20 A Newport Man What Does History Teach? (Part 2) 1788 Mar 17
21 Centinel Why the Articles Failed 1787 Oct 5
22 Candidus Articles of Confederation Simply Requires Amendments, Particularly for Commercial Power and Judicial Power; Constitution Goes Too Far 1787 Dec 6
23(1) Brutus #7 Certain Powers Necessary for the Common Defense, Can and Should be Limited (Part 1) 1788 Jan 3
23(2) Brutus #8 Certain Powers Necessary for the Common Defense, Can and Should be Limited (Part 2) 1788 Jan 10
24 Brutus #9 Objections to a Standing Army (part 1) 1788 Jan 17
25 Brutus #10 Objections to a Standing Army (part 2) 1788 Jan 24
26 A Farmer and Planter The Use of Coercion by the New Government (Part 1) 1788 Apr 1
27 John Humble The Use of Coercion by the New Government (Part 2) 1787 Oct 29
28 Unsigned The Use of Coercion by the New Government (Part 3) 1788 Jan 16
29(1) A Democratic Federalist Objections to National Control of the Militia (Part 1) 1787 Oct 23
29(2) Pennsylvania Minority Objections to National Control of the Militia (Part 2) 1787 Dec 12
30-31 Cato Uticensis A Virginia Antifederalist on the Issue of Taxation 1787 Oct 31
32 Brutus #5 Federal Taxation and the Doctrine of Implied Powers (Part 1) 1787 Dec 13
33 Brutus #6 Federal Taxation and the Doctrine of Implied Powers (Part 2) 1787 Dec 27
34 Patrick Henry The Problem of Concurrent Taxation 1788 Jun 5
35 George Mason Federal Taxing Power Must be Restrained 1788 Jun 4
36 Federal Farmer Representation and Internal Taxation
37 Federal Farmer Factions and the Constitution
38(1) Brutus Junior Some Reactions to Federalist Arguments (Part 1) 1787 Nov 8
38(2) A Countryman Some Reactions to Federalist Arguments (Part 2) 1788 Jan 10
38(3) A Countryman Some Reactions to Federalist Arguments (Part 3) 1788 Feb 14
39 A Farmer Appearance and Reality — The Form is Federal; The Effect is National 1788 Apr 15
40(1) Philadelphiensis On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers (1)
40(2) An American On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers (2)
40(3) A Farmer and Planter On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers (3)
40(4) Patrick Henry On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers (4)
40(5) Centinel On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers (5)
40(6) Yeomanry of Massachusetts On the Motivations and Authority of the Founding Fathers (6)
41-43 Federal Farmer "The Quantity of Power the Union Must Possess is One Thing, the Mode of Exercising the Powers Given is Quite a Different Consideration" (Part 1)
41-43 Federal Farmer "The Quantity of Power the Union Must Possess is One Thing, the Mode of Exercising the Powers Given is Quite a Different Consideration" (Part 2)
44 Deliberator What Congress Can Do; What a State Can Not 1788 Feb 20
45 Sydney Powers of National Government Dangerous to State Government; New York as an Example 1788 Jun 13
46 An Old Whig "Where Then is the Restraint?" 1788 Nov 2
47 Centinel "Balance" of Departments not Achieved under New Constitution 1787 Oct 5,24
48 Leonidas No Separation of Departments Results in No Responsibility 1788 Jul 30
49 Massachusettensis On Constitutional Conventions (Part 1) 1788 Jan 29
50 An Old Whig On Constitutional Conventions (Part 2) 1787 Nov 27
51 Aristocrotis Do Checks and Balances Really Secure the Rights of the People? 1788
52 Consider Arms, ... On the Guarantee of Congressional Biennial Elections 1788 Apr 9
53 Amicus A Plea for the Right of Recall 1788 Aug 28
54(1) Brutus #3 Apportionment and Slavery: Northern and Southern Views (1)
54(2) Rawlins Lowndes Apportionment and Slavery: Northern and Southern Views (2) 1788 Jan 16-18
54(3) Cato #6 Apportionment and Slavery: Northern and Southern Views (3)
54(4) A Georgian Apportionment and Slavery: Northern and Southern Views (4) 1787 Nov 15
55 Federal Farmer Will the House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? (Part 1)
56 Federal Farmer Will the House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? (Part 2)
57 Federal Farmer Will the House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? (Part 3)
58 Federal Farmer Will the House of Representatives be Genuinely Representative? (Part 4)
59 Vox Populi The Danger of Congressional Control of Elections 1787 Oct 30
60 John F. Mercer Will the Constitution Promote the Interests of Favorite Classes? 1788
61 Federal Farmer Questions and Comments on the Constitutional Provisions Regarding the Election of Congressmen
62 Brutus #16 On the Organization and Powers of the Senate (Part 1) 1788 Apr 10
63 Federal Farmer On the Organization and Powers of the Senate (Part 2)
64 Cincinnatus On the Organization and Powers of the Senate (Part 3) 1787 Nov 22
65 Gilbert Livingston, John Lansing On the Organization and Powers of the Senate (Part 4) 1788 Jun 24
66 Joseph Taylor, ... From North Carolina
67 Cato Various Fears Concerning the Executive Department 1787 Nov 8
68 William Grayson On the Mode of Electing the President 1788 Jun 18
69 Federal Farmer The Character of the Executive Office
70 An Old Whig The Powers and Dangerous Potentials of His Elected Majesty 1787 Dec 11
71(1) Luther Martin The Presidential Term of Office (1)
71(2) Agrippa #18 The Presidential Term of Office (2) 1788 Feb 5
71(3) A Customer The Presidential Term of Office (3) 1788 Mar 13
72 Republicus On the Electoral College; On Reeligibility of the President 1788 Mar 1
73 William Penn Does the Presidential Veto Power Infringe on the Separation of Departments? 1788 Jan 3
74 Philadelphiensis The President as Military King 1788 Feb 6
75 Hampden A Note Protesting the Treaty-Making Provisions of the Constitution 1788 Feb 16
76-77 Federal Farmer An Antifederalist View of the Appointing Power Under the Constitution
78-79 Brutus #15, 16 The Power of the Judiciary (Part 1) 1788 Mar 20
80 Brutus #11 The Power of the Judiciary (Part 2) 1788 Jan 31
81 Brutus #12, 14 The Power of the Judiciary (Part 3) 1788 Feb 7,28
82 Brutus #14, 15 The Power of the Judiciary (Part 4) 1788 Mar 6,20
83 Luther Martin The Federal Judiciary and the Issue of Trial by Jury
84 Brutus On the Lack of a Bill of Rights
85 Plebian Concluding Remarks: Evils Under Confederation Exaggerated; Constitution Must be Drastically Revised Before Adoption

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