INDEX.

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

ABATEMENT and intrusion................................. 333

Abatement of writ......................................... 254

by death of party.......172, 227, 264, 419, 444

by marriage of female plaintiff.......... 264

Abjuration of the realm..............................13, 54, 55

Accessories, in felony, appeal of...................... 9, 10, 99

in homicide, prosecution of................... 29

in treason, appeal of........................... 90

in trespass ................................... 109

Accessorium sequitur principale................120, 261, 471, 483

Accidental death ......................................12, 83

Accidental loss, disseisor liable for......................... 286

Accord, plea of.................................... 108, 236, 273

termination of action by........................... 409

Accretion of land by deposit of river....................... 179

Accruer, title by...............................180, 191, 193, 579

Acquittance, clause of..................................210, 211

Actio alienari nonpotest.................................... 480

Admeasurement of dower ; see Dower.

of pasture ........................... 305-308

Adultery, forfeiture of dower by.......................... 554

Advocate, or patron, of a church.......................... 471

Advowson, actions relating to.......................... 467-495

appendant.................................... 483

cannot be conveyed without land............... 218

how valued ................................. 390

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Advowson not generally assigned in dower....... 381, 530, 554

of abbey, prebend, &c......................... 474

Ael, writ of................................................ 462

Afforcement of jury................................... 280, 514

Aids pur fere fitz chivaler and pur file marier................ 120

Alienation by felons, voidable............................ 4G

restricted by deed.......................... 194, 209

Allegiance, obligation of................................... 368

Alms, tenure in....................................... 181, 344

Amendment of record..................................... 5

of false judgment............................ 7

Amercement, power of..................................... 151

how levied................................... 159

in eyre.................................... 112

of absent jurors.............................. 459

of losing party in action.................... 460

Ancient demesne..............58, 182, 202, 258, 344, 345. 394, 446

tenant in, not a freeholder..............233

Appeal of felony................................. 9, 28, 81, 105

enrolment of....................................... 14

form of......................................... 83,97

jurisdiction in..........................3, 48, 91, 92, 96

trial by battle in................................84, 89

Appeal from court baron to lord........................... 590

Approvers.............................................. 13, 24

Appurtenances.................................208, 219, 287-295

Arraignment............................................. 21

Arson...................................................... 35

Assigns, effect of gift without mention of----183, 191, 201, 437

first inserted in feoffments in favor of bastards.... 252

Assise, Justices of........................................ 4

Assise of common...................................... 299-305

of darreign presentment.....................201, 467-491

of mortdancester, 376-460. See Mortdancester. of novel disseisin, 222-286. See Novel disseisin.

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Assise of nusance.................................... 316-328

of Utrum........................................... 496

turned into jury.................,......... 268-381. 457

Astrer, or astrier.............................. 312, 456, note.

Attachment................................................ 105

suits pleadable by............................. 174

Attaint..................................... 350, 409, 501-517

before judgment................................... 504

of jurors on inquest of age......................... 350

where it lies....................................... 507

Attaints and certifications, by what Justices taken......... 504

Attorney, authority of............................. 247, 610-614

death of ........................................ 614

general and special.......................... 247, 610

general, how constituted.................... 605, 610

none in capital cases............................ 84

special, how made.......................... 610, 612

Attomment, by tenant to alienee.................. 188. 220, 570

of homage............................... 371, 373

Avoidance of benefice, entire or partial...................474

Bailiff, his authority as attorney............................ 247

Bailiffs, exactions of....................................... 76

Banns of marriage....................................... 547

Baronies, not to be dismembered........................... 182

chief castles of, not divisible between coheirs.... 393

not assigned in dower........................... 522

Bastard, donee to him and his heirs cannot alien...... 182, 569

Bastardy, exception of............................ 264, 436, 452

how proved................................. 436, 452

tried by jury by consent.................... 436, 452

Battle, trial by, in appeal.......................... 83, 88, 100

in writ of right................................ 594, 596

not favo\ired................................. 104, 422

between lord and tenant........................... 370-

Keferences are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Beast, man killed by...................................... 12

Beau pleader, fines for..................................... 60

Bees, law of................................................ 177

Bench, the king's court so called........................ .78, 113

Justices of the...............................17, 111, 392

Besael, writ of............................................. 462

Bishop, prohibited from admitting clerk pending plea of ad-

vowson................................................. 495

Bishop's certificate, authority of............................ 475

Bishops, cannot alien the rights of their church .......... 182

Blood, corruption of ..................................... 31

Boroughs, farm of......................................... 182

privileges of..................................165, 172

Borrowing, contract of................................... 129

Boundaries, settlement of.................................. 258

Bridges and roads neglected............................ 65

Building on another's land ; rights of landowner arid

builder ............................................178,234

Burgage, tenure in......................................... 344

Burglary.................................................. 35

Burning, punishment by................................... 35

Canon, incapacity of....................................... 598

Cape, process by.......................................... 59;3

Castellans, illegal prises by................................. 77

Certificate of ordinary..................................475, 547

Certification..................................281, 504, 505, 506

Challenge of jurors............................25, 245, 277, 278.

Champerty................................................ 78

Champion, fraudulent voucher of........................... 99

Charge of jury.....................................280, 459, 501

-Charters...............................................206-212

date of....................................... 211

loss of, pleaded.................................. 122

proved by witnesses therein named.......211, 481, 509

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Cheats and impostors....................................... 51

Cheminage................................................. 63

Chester, Justices of........................................ 6

Chevage, or headmoney of villains......................... 166

' Chief lord,' meaning of the term.................... 450, note

Church, jurisdiction of..................................... 21

Church lands, aliened with consent of bishop and patron.... 498

recovery of............................. 406-501

Cities and boroughs, privilege of, in enfranchisement of

villains...............................................165, 172

Clergy, privilege of........................................ 22

Clerk, process against in trespass........................... 109

Clerk of the market.......................................3.155

Clerks of chancery and other courts, exactions oC......... 78

Clerks, purgation of........................................ 23

Cloth, assise of.......................................... 79

Collateral descent........................................ 585

Collusive judgment no bar to dower........................ 558

Common, defined........................................ 296

assise of .....................................299--305

encroachments on ............................... 275

disseisin of...................................... 299

gift of................'........................... 299

limitation of right of............................. 296

right of, asserted in replevin.................... 126

severance of...................................... 298

seisin of ........................................ 308

surcharge of..................................305, 308

waiver of....................................... 297

Common Pleas, Justices of, 4. See Bench.

Common property, degrees of community in.............. 175

Common right, disturbance of ........................... 238

Common soil ............................................. 266

Concealment of felony, amercement of grand jury for...... 25

Condition and consideration distinguished..............197

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE Condition, donor's remedy on breach of..................... 273

ejectment for non-performance of..............230

fulfilment of, a question for jury................. 270

various kinds of.................................. 195

casual........................................... 197

copulative and disjunctive........................ 1 98

double........................................ 198

enlarging an estate...................199, 200, 485, 437

negative.....................................195, 198

possible and impossible....................... 130,197

unlawful......................................... 131

restrictive of estate............................... 199

Conditional contract...................................... 130

Conditional judgment in favour of younger brother........ 237

in plea of dower..................... 539

Confirmation, charter of................................. 211

effect of..................................210, 480

Consanguinity, tables of................................464, 585

Consecrated objects and places............................. 176

Conspiracy to defeat justice................................ 79

Contempt of court.....................................469, 610

Contribution among parceners..........................401, 406

Convents, abuse of hospitality of........................... 77

incapable of purchasing land without licence,.... 186

Conveyance by feoffment..........................181, 206, 207

by fine.................................... 188, 220

by recovery.................................. 186

of reversions and seigniories...............188, 220

Coparcener, eldest, has no prerogative to present to a

church................................................ 468

Coparceners, not heii's to each other, 392, 580. See Parceners.

Coroner...........................................4,6-14,391

election of......................................... 6

lias record of the pleas of the Crown..............6, 112

has record of appeals of felony.................. 92, 94

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Coroner inquest of......................................... 6

judgment before.................................. 31

oath of........................................... 6

of the king's household............................ 3

Coroner's rolls delivered to Justice in eyre.................. 19

Corporeal and incorporeal property......................... 175

Corrody, disseisin of................................... 228, 244

Corrupt verdict, allegation of.............................. 27

Cosinage, action of............................... 382-384, 462

Counterfeiting, appeal of.................................... 28

Counterfeiting the royal seal or coin.....................20

County court, jurisdiction of, in trespass and debt.......... 128

in writ of right............................. 591

Court baron............................................... 588

false judgment of, remedied in the king's court. 123

practice in............................... 123, 589

record of...................................... 123

Court Christian.......................................437, 452

jurisdiction of............................. 556

reference to............................... 475

usurpations of............................ 75

Courts, inferior and private, abuses of...................... 76

Covenant, how proved...................................... 50!)

Crusade (See Pilgrimage)................................ 605

Curtesy of England, estate by........ 180, 212, 235. 2:3, 349, 445

Customary dower.................................. 196, 204, 237

Customs, local........................................ 2. 58, 394

contrary to common law ......................... 71

Customs levied on merchandize............................ 80

Cut-purses.............................................. 51, 52

Damage feswit, avowry of distress...................4 117, 125

Damages, in Novel Disseisin.............................. 286

in Mortda ncoster................................ 459

in action of Dower.......................... 528, 529

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Darreign presentment, assise of....................... 467-491

Date of instrument should be expressed.................. 130

Day, divisions of.......................................... 438

De libertate probanda, writ................................ 167

De nativo habendo, writ................................... 166

De odio et atia, writ...................................... 102

De rationabili parte, action so called.......... 387. 398-401, 405

Deaf and dumb, incapacity of.......................... 131, 598

Death in prison............................................ 38

judgment of, in inferior court...................... 14

natural and civil..................................... 474

of attorney stays suit................................ 614

of tenant, abates writ................................ 227

Debt...................................................... 128

process in actions of................................. 110

Deeds, enrollment of....................................... 211

execution of........................................ 211

how proved..................................... 481, 508

witnesses to, 211.............................. 481, 509

Defence, time for...................................... 21, 599

Deforce, meaning of word................................. 477

Delivery of possession, necessary in transfer of corporeal property........................................ 180

not necessary in transfer of incorporeal property. 186 See Livery of. Seisin.

Demesne, meaning of word................................. 431

Deodand............................................. 12, 13, 33

Deputies of Judges....................................... 6. 600

Deraignment............................................ 563

Descent, canons of........................ 383, 394, 577, 584, 587

collateral......................................... 585

customary........................................ 304

mode of pleading............................ 452, 585

See Inheritance. Devise of land by will.................................... 446

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Difficulty of judgment........................ 253, 273, 381, 597

Disavowal of lord, a cause of forfeiture....... 121, 228, 363, 368

Disclaimer............................................. 248, 253

Disclaimer of tenure, a cause of forfeiture..... 121, 228, 363, 368

process for recovery of tenement upon, 228, 368, 369

Dismemberment of baronies and knights' fees........... 59, 182

Disseisin, what...................................... 174, 222

by force and arms............................. 283

distinguished from trespass...................... 275

inquest of damage in.....................253, 283. 285

of common..................................... 299

peaceable, with white wand...................... 284

remedies for................................. 238. 241

various instances of.......................... 224-220

Distress, by judgment in the lord's court................... 123

disturbance of, an act of disseisin......... 223, 228, 236

excessive or illegal, 66..................... 74, 127, 276

for aid pur faire fitz chivaler or pur file marier..... 120

for service in arrear............................... 119

sheriff to aid in................................265

Disuser of fancbise...................................... 66, 157

Divorce, dower defeated by................................ 520

fact of, certified by ordinary..................... 542

suit for........................................... 541

Doubt, benefit of......................................... 27

Dowager, to be provided with a house...................... 531

when entitled to present to a church.............. 484

Dowager's court, jurisdiction of............................ 532

Dower, admeasurement of............................. 438, 563

at the church door.................... 518, 529, 543, 544

by assent of father................................ 548

by custom................................. 521, 529, 561

customary, forfeited by second marriage........... 561

disseisin of......................................... 236

References are t .6op, or running pages.

PAGE

Bower, establishment and assignment of................... 532

extinguished by felony of husband................. 33

favoured in law .................................. 535

forfeited by adultery............................... 554

how to be assigned............................. 537, 530

not increased to the prejudice of heir............... 526

not subject to the debts of husband................. 533

lost by judgment against heir....................... 561

of money or chattels.............................. 523

plea of, governed by plea relating to the inheritance. 557

reasonable........................................ 531

seisin of........................................... 367

subject to crown debts of husband................. 533

unde nlhil liabet................................... 533

warrant of................................... 557, 562

what tenements subject to,........238, 521, 524. 525, 530,

551, 559, 591

Drowning, death by......................................... 13

Duel between lord and tenant, homage first to be released. 370 Duress, contracts invalidated by........................ 40, 183

Earldoms, chief castles or heads of, not divisible between

coheirs......................................... 393

Ecclesiastical courts, abuses of............................ 68

Ejus est interpretari cnjus est dare......................... 207

Endowment at the church door............... 205, 218. 369, 518

English language, used in legal proceedings...........19 note

Englishery, presentment of............................. 13, 32

Entry, action of................... 185, 202, 227, 427, 565, 573.

action of, defended either as a possessory or as a proprietary action................................ 571

ad termimim qui prcfteriit.......................... 565

recovery by ...................... 202, 234, note 338, 297

defective, transmitted by disseisor to true owner.... 567 in the per........................................ 566

References are to to or running pages.

PAGE

Entry, in the per and cui................................. 566

in the post.......................................... 566

several forms of writ of ....................566, 567, 568

time allowed for.................................... 239

Equity of redemption of mortgage, not allowed............. 434

Escheat................................ 31, 59, 61, 201, 500, 587

writ of,...............................192, 201, 202, 577

Escheators of the king, lands taken by..................... 71

Esplees, evidence of seisin............................. 214, 440

taking of, when pleaded........................440, 461

Essoin............................................. 16, 403, 602

de citra mare...................................... 604

de malo lecti................................... 604, 606

de malo veniendi............................... 603, 606

de malo villce....................................... 606

de servitio Regis............................602, 603, 608

de servitio Regis ceterni........................ 602, 603

de ultra mare.................................. 604, 606

enrolment of................................... 601, 607

in action of Naifty................................. 167

in assise of Mortdancester.......................... 364

none allowed to disseisor........................... 167

none in capital cases............................... 84

of jointenants...................................... 607

time allowed in............................240, 605, 606

when and where entered.......................... 602

Essoiners................................................. 603

when required to find pledges.................... 604

Estovers................................................... 314

remedy for disturbance of........................ 314

Estrays................................................ 57, 177

Ex Contractu, obligation................................... 129

Ex delicto, obligation...................................... 129

Exceptions in action of Dower.......................... 538, 560

in action of Entry.............................. 573

References are to top, or running pages.

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Exceptions in assise of common....................... 303, 305

in assise of last presentation................ 470, 489

in assise of Mortdancester.................. 424, 450

in assise of Novel Disseisin................. 253, 267

in assise of nusanoe........................ 323, 328

in assise of Utrum......................... 498, 500

in abatement of writ.......................... 254

to the Judge.................................... 253

to the person................................... 264

Exceptions peremptory and dilatory........................ 253

Excessive distress............................... 66, 74, 127, 276

Exchequer, Court of.................................. 4, 80, 111

Excommunication, exception of............................. 260

Execution, disturbance of.................................. 67

Execution for felony, various forms of...................... 551

Exigent................................................. 10, 29

Exile of villains............................................ 565

Extenta manerii........................................... 388

Eyre of Justices.

proceedings in.................................... 15, 112

chapters of........................................... 20

conclusion of......................................... 111

opening of............................................ 16

False imprisonment........................................ 40

appeal for.......................................... 103

False judgment, writ of.................................... 266

Falsification of writs.................................... 28, 254

Farm of the county and hundreds........................ 58, 73

Farms................................................ 329, 331

Fealty, ceremony of........................... 41, 152, 366, 367

Fee, various meanings of word............................. 435

Fee farm.................................................. 343

Felo dese.................................................. 33

Felons, gifts by............................................ 182

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Felons, trial of......................................... 20, 28

Felony, indictment of, an excuse for not answering in

a civil action............................................ 602

plea of..................................450, 499, 551

forfeiture of land by. v................... 30, 33, 46, 90

of chattels by..................... 30, 33, 88

Feme covert; see Wife.

Feoff ment............................................... 181

Ferce naturae, animals................................. 176, 177

Finding, title by............................................ 176

Fine, avoidance of......................................... 454

conveyance of seigniory by...................... 188, 220

enforced against tenant by writ of judgment......... 372

infant bound to answer to.......................... 481

operation of, in barring reversions...............454 note

Fishery.................................................... 227

common of....................................... 326

Force and arms ......................................... 283

Forceable disseisins, punished............................. 283

entry, effect of upon the title....... 255, 273, 561, 567

Forestallers............................................... 69

Forfeiture of chattels of felons..................... 30, 33, 38

by denial of lord's title............. 121, 228, 368, 368

of felons' goods............................ 30, 90

of felons' lands........................ 30, 33, 46, 90

of outlaws................................ 10, 44, 45

Form of gift, to be observed................................ 193

Formedon, writ of........................................ 427

Fortification of houses without license..................... 64

Found property, right to.................................. 57

' Four men' of vill......................................... 15

Franchise, claim of................................ 15, 16, 62

Frankalmoigne........................................ 343, 496

Frank-marriage........................................... 520

Free farm, tenure in...................................... 343

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Freedom favoured by law.................................. 165

Freehold, what.......................... 223, 225, 250, 431 note.

how acquired ................................... 250

by wrong.............................i.......... 251

Fresh force................................................ 174

Fugitive villain may recover against his lord by assise,

note........................................ 164, 304

pursuit of......................................... 166

Gaol delivery.............................................. 39

Justices of........................................... 5

Gaols, defects of........................................... 72

Gift....................................................... 181

of land, common form of............................. 207

Grand jury................................................ 17

Grand Serjeanty...................................... 336, 341

Great as,sise, where allowed............................. 60, 594

no attaint upon verdict of.................... 512

Guardians, rights of............................... 338, 350, 351

Guest, host responsible for............................... 42

Half blood, inheritance by...........................580, 583

Hamsoken ............................................ 70,148

Heirs, cannot be purchasers ............................... 193

near and remote..................................... 576

of donor, when bound to warranty................... 183

of full age may hold possession against the lords..... 335

' Heirs.' word not necessary in grant of a fee............... 435

Heresy................................................ 35, 247

Heriot.................................................... 376

Hoghenhine................................................ 42

Homage.............................................. 353, 373

action against lord for refusing.............. 360, 362

ancestral........................................ 355

ceremony of................................. 364. 365

References are to top, or running pages.

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Homage, for what tenements due................ 356, 357, 370

inheritance barred by............................ 582

not reserved in a gift of land................ 208, 366

obligation of..................................... 367

of pensioner or servant...................... 365, 371

remedy against tenant refusing.................. 362

released before battle between lord and tenant... 370

Homicide, prosecution of.................................. 29

appeal of....................................... 91

Hospitallers............................................ 102, 596

Hotchpot................................................ 396

Household, king's, coroner of............................ 3

Steward of, see Steward.

Hue and cry .......................................... 42, 147

Hundred, amercement of.................,................. 32

held in private hands.......................... 58

Hundred court.......................................... 6, 18

Hundreders .............................................. 4

Hunger, an excuse for theft................................ 35

Husband, disseisin of. by wife.................... 228, 241, 244

gift by, to wife and another...................... 192

Husband and wife, gifts between, void................ 186,192

their power over wife's land............ 183

See Wife.

Idiot, incapacity of............................ 183, 186, 456, 598

Idiot a nativitate, in custody of the king................... 349

Incapacity of party to suit............................. 260, 456

Incorporeal tenements, disseisin of........................ 287

Incumbrance of church by bishop......................... 475

Indentures................................................. 207

Indicavit. writ of........................................ 557

Infancy of husband or wife, a bar to dower...............553

of party to action............ 404, 405, 448, 456, 481, 598

See Infant.

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Infarigthef.................................... 48,62,182,187

Infant, cannot disclaim................................ 118, 294

capable of doing homage........................... 358

incapacity of.......................... 135, 183, 186, 218

liability of, as vouchee.....................,. 410, 420

must answer to writ of Entry founded on disseisin,

404, 448

must answer to fine............................... 481

See Infancy.

Inheritance, by ascendants........................ 380. 386, 583

questions of, tried by writ of right........ 224, 570

rules of..................... 383, 384, 394, 577, 588

Inheritance. See Descent.

Inlawry.................................................44, 40

Inquest. Coroner's .........................................6, 8

of age of heir, tenant in capite.................... 349

Interdict................................................... 543

Interpretation of royal grants reserved to the king..........327

Intrusion................................................. 333

Investiture, by lord of fee.................................. 377

Ireland, Justices of......................................... 6

Island, formation of, in river or sea......................... 179

property in newly-discovered...................... 178

Jointenancy.............................................. 189

Jointenants, assise must be by all......................... 230

Jointenement, disseisin of.................................. 230

Judge, exception to the.......................108, 253, 302, 600

Judgment, amendment of.................................. 5

in former suit, plea of......................... 454

creditor, his estate, 435........................ 445

without writ, void........................... 265

Judicial authority not delegable.........................6, 600

must be derived from the Crown........600

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Judicial franchise, usurpation of..........................62, 65

Judicium non sui judicis non obligat......................600

Juises, or instruments of correction.................148, 157, 158

Jurisdiction, exception to.................................85, 99

of Coroner.................................... 6

of County Court............................. 589

of Courts Baron..............................5, 588

of Justices in Eyre.......................3, 15, 133

of the King..................................2,3

of the Royal Courts...........................2,6

of the Steward of the Household.............3, 140

of the Court of Exchequer................... 4

must be derived from the crown............... 600

usurpation of.................................. 157

Jurors..................................................407, 409

amercement of absent ............................ 459

challenge of................................25, 278, 459

disagreement of..................................26, 280

majority of, to prevail.............................. 26

oath of..................................26, 278, 489, 500

to inform themselves of facts before trial..........403

Jury, charge of................................26, 280, 460, 501

discharge of, without verdict..............26, 270, 488, 491

consent of parties to try question by, how compelled......................................458, 509, 263

how compelled to give verdict...................... 381

service upon, evidence of freedom................. 172

upon question of legitimacy by consent.........186, 436

upon question of villenage......................263, 508

Justices, authority of..................................... 2

itinerant, jurisdiction of....................3, 14, 111

special, appointed by letters patent................ 242

Kindred, table of.......................................... 584

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King cannot alien the right of his crown................... 182

his grants, interpreted by himself.................... 327

his jurisdiction....................................... 3

his legislative power................................. 2

h-is right as guardian of tenant in capite......338, 349, 351

not bound by limitation of time................... 182

plea that he is interested in a suit ................269, 455

when bound to warranty .........................420, 454

writ abated by his death............................. 173

King's Bench, Justices of.................................. 3

high way........................................... 260

officers, complaints of.............................15, 71

Knight, degradation of.................................... 171

legal duties of, note............................387, 504

punishment for striking.......................... 104

Knighthood, exactions for evading........................ 72

villain enfranchised by ....................165, 171

Landmarks.........................................67, 148, 231

Lapse, presentation by bishop upon......................... 472

Larcency................................................. 47

appeal of........................................ 96

Last presentation, assise of.............................469-491

See Darreign presentment.

Lastage.................................................... 63

Law, wager of.........................................272, 406

Leases for years (See Termor).............272, 330, 432 note, 570

Leather and wool, customs on.............................. 80

Legislative power of King and Council.................... 1

Legitimacy, tried by court Christian....................... 436-

tried by jury by consent...................264, 43(i

presumption of................................ 347

Lepers, incapacity of..............................183, 186, 260.

Lessee for years ; see Termor.

Lestage...............: .................................. 6^

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Limitation of actions ...........................61, 171, 462, 497

Lispendens............................................448, 455

Livery of seisin...................................214. 218, 230

by rod or glove..........................215

by attorney.............................218

See Delivery of possession.

Locality, statement of, in writ..........................257

London, custom of........................................ 561

Lord, his right of entry after death of tenant, 233, 237, 376,

378, 587.

Lords of liberties, their oath in the Eyre................... 17

Lunatic, incapacity of.................131, 183,186, 456, 569, 598

Mainpast................................................10, 149

Maintenance ............................................74, 78

Market, clerk of the king's...............................3, 155

disturbance of ................................326, 328

inquest of......................................... 156

not to be held within ten miles of Eyre............. 18

overt, purchase in................................ 50

Marriage................................................... 518

at church door................................... 541

estate given in, subject to hotchpot............... 396

favoured by law................................. 164

gift in, made without charter..................209

not to be forced.................................. '.55:!

of heir minor, right of lord to.............351, 353, 405

rights of the king as lord......................... 61

right of, is a chattel devisable by testament....... 388

secret, may legitimate the issue, but not gi\e

right to dower.............................519, 542

to be tendered to wards under age................ 352

validity of, determined by Court Christian, 274,

436, 523, 542, 547 Marshal, Earl, his office..................................3, 141

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PAGE

Master, action by, for damage to servant................... 109

Mayhem, appeal of...................................... 103

Measures and weights ...................................68, 487

Meat, stale or diseased....................................69, 158

Jfelior est conditio possidentis......................230, 231, 241

Menace, writ of.........................................9, 10

Merchet..............................................161, 203

Mesne profits.............................................. 285

Mesne, writ of.......................................121, 210

Mill-race.................................................. 318

Ministers of the king, delinquencies of..................... 71

Minor ; see Infant.

Misdescription............................................. 442

Misjoinder of plaintiffs..................................... 256

Misnomer..............................................256, 450

Mixed action............., .............................385-392

Money, forgery of.......................................... 28

Monks, incapacity of..................131, 183, 184, 186, 569, 598

Monster................................................... 349

Mortdancester, assise of...............................379, 385

brought by heir against his lord...........379

cannot be brought by one parcener without

the others .............................. 384

lies only between strangers in blood... .381, 383

pleadings in............................ 424-455

process in..............................402-408

trial of.................................408, 458

within what degrees permitted..........380. 381

Mortgage, construction of condition in..............200, 432-435

Mortmain............................................68, 186

Murage................................................... 63

Murder.................................................... 32

Mute, penance for standing................................. 22

Naam.................................................... 114

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Naifty................................................... 159

action of.......................................167, 168

trial in, by suit.................................169, 170

Ke admittas, writ of....................................... 495

tfecessitas vinc.it legem.................................... 523

Nemo potest simul esse haires et dominus.................362, 583

Nonjoinder, exception of..................256, 264, 267, 384, 444

of parcener in writ........................256, 444

Non-tenure, plea of.....................................448, 449

Novel disseisin, assise of..............----................222

judgment in................................ 282

parties to............................. 226, 242

pleadings in........................233-267, 302

process in.............................242, 245

taken in absence of tenant................. 301

trial of.................................278-281

where allowed........................233, 238

Xudum pactum......................................... 129

Xidlum tempus occurrit regi................................ 182

N usance...........................................290, 316-328

legal remedies against, by assise.....317, 319, 320-323

legal remedies at the sheriff's tourn.............319

legal remedies, by Justicics...................320, 323

pleadings in assise of.........................323-328

treated as a disseisin............................ 227

view in cases of................................. 245

Oath, manner of taking................................... 279

nature of............................................ 500

Obligation, nature of...................................... 129

Occupancy, title by........................................ 176

Office in fee, disseisin of...............................228, 245

Ordination, villain enfranchised by.....................165, 171

Outfangthef...........................................62,187

Outlawry............................................. 41

References are to top, or running pages.

PAKE

Outlawry after death.................................... 43

fraudulent...................................... 45

of women, called waiver......................... 43

plea of........................................ 451

process of....................................... 10

Parcener, disseisin of one by another................232, 300, 398

Parceners, assise between..............................300, 444

contribution among............................ 406

do homage and fealty to eldest parcener. .351, 357, 367

mu&t sue together..............140, 256, 299, 384, 444

See Coparceners.

Parish, manor, and hamlet................................. 268

Parson, cannot alien without bishop and patron............ 569

his remedy to recover common..................... 294

his remedy to recover land........................ 496

Parsons, two of one church............................... 497

Parties, abatement for want of..........................224, 454

Partition of estate between parceners................385-397

Pasture defined.......................................... 296

admeasurement of................................ 305

common of......................................... 296

Patent of Justices.................................... 249, 408

Paternity, presumption of................................ 346

Pauper's suit without pledges............................... 243

Peine forte et dure....................................... 21, 85

Penalty, contract under.................................. 131

Penance............................................. 21, 85, 95

Peiidente lite, alienation................................... 448

Pending action, plea of..................................... 454

Pension reserved from a church to save right of infant..... 472

Perambulation for fixing of boundaries:................ 258, 460

Perjury.................................................... 502

degrees of....................................... 506

procuring of, criminal............................. 502

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Person, exception to the.................................... 260

Personal actions............................................ I

Petty larceny.................................. 48, 52, 100, 102

Petty serjeanty............................................ 841

Pilgrimage............................................602, 606

general............................... 240, 604, 606

Pledges for appearance of defendant............... 108,167, 246

of prosecution............... 105, 114, 167, 242, 379, 402

when required from essoiners....................... 604

Pone, writ of...................................... 168, 589, 595

Pontage................................................... 63

Possessio frains.......................................... 580

Possession, gifts by persons out of........................210

title by.......................................... 251

See Seisin.

Pound, breach of......................................... 148

Pregnant women, execution of, delayed till delivery........ 101

Prescription, none against the right of the Crown......... 61

Presentation, last, assise of............................. 467-91

See Darreign presentment.

Presentments in the eyre................................... 19

Presentments of murder and homicide..................... 42

Prisage of spices, silk, &c.................................. 80

Prison, breach of........................................ 36, 72

private........................................... 40, 67

felons to be detained in king's...................... 67

Prisoners, actions by and against.......................... 39

contracts by.................................... 40

death of ....................................... 76

escape of..................................... 37, 72

fees to be taken of.............................. 39

treatment of.................................... 37

Process in action of debt................................. 110

in action of trespass....................105, 107, 110, 132

in assise of novel disseisin.................242, 245, 246

References are K< top. or rnnning pages.

PAGF

Process in assise of mortdancester...................... 402, 405

in assise of darreign presentment................... 469

in county and hundred court....................... 132

in court baron............................. 123, 132. 589

in real actions..................................... 174

Production of deed by adverse partyin action not compelled. 207

Proof, various modes of.................................... 545

Proprietary action......................................... 575

Protection, letters of................................. 605, 606

Prothonotary.............................................. 27!)

Provers.................................................... 101

to be sent to the king's prison.................. 40. 67

Provost of vill........................................... 17

Proximity of blood, tried only by writ of right..........323, 575

Prudehomme, what........................................ 307

Purchase.............................................. 175, 176

by villain.................................... 303, 206

conditional................................... 193-200

joint........................................189, 193

Purprestures............................................... 60

Purveyance............................................... 77

Quare impedit, action of.......................... 484, 487, 49?

Quare non admisit, writ of................................. 494

Quare -non permittit, writ of..................... 487, 493 note

Quid juris clamat, writ of............................ 188 note

Quitclaim, charter of.............................. 188, 211, 453

requisites to validity of..................... 210, 453

plea of..................................... 273, 453

Quo jure, writ of...................................... 309-314

Quo warran to, writ of...................................... 64

Quodpermittat, writ of .................................. 4fiO

Eape................................................. -18

appeal of............................................. 96

References are to top, c running pages.

PAGE

Rape, inquest of, before coroner............................ 14

Real actions................................................ 575

Reclaimer of jurisdiction by lord........................... 531

Record, authority of................................. 504, 506

courts of.......................................... 113

of Justices...................................... 5, 504

of court baron.................................... 123

proof by, 83........................................ 451

Redisseisin................................................ 328

Redubbers of clothes.................................. (59, 147

Re-entry, remedy by..................................... 238

Release, how proved....................................... 373

Relief...................................................... 374

distinguished from heriot........................... 375

Remainder, in gift of land................................. 209

' Removable' canon or monk, incapacity of............ 131, 598

Rent charge, grant of...................................... 220

Replevin, action of................................... 113, 126

Representation, right of, in inheritance................ 578, 582

Resort................................................. 168, 465

Restitution of conjugal rights, suit for................. 546, 547

Resummons of defendant.............................. 406, 598

Reversion ................................................ 201

Reversion barred by fine.................................. 453

conveyance of.............................. 189, 514

dower of................................... 227,521

Right of dower, writ of.................................... 562

patent, writ of...................................... 575

close, writ of.............................. 344, 446, 597

of marriage, writ of................................ 338

of ward, writ of................................... 337

Robbery.............................................. 46, 98

Rod, livery of seisin by............................... 215, 345

Rolls of Coroner......................................... 14, 19

of Justices......................................... 5, 504

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Rolls of the clerk of the market............................ 158

Royal charters, construction of............................ 207

Royal demesnes, privilege of, in enfranchisement of villains,

165, 173

Sakeber................................................ 48, 150

Same descent, exception of, in assise of mortdancester...... 424

not allowed to be pleaded by vouchee........ 421

Sanctuary................................................ 13

Seal, forgery of........................................... 20

illegal use of........................................ 20

use of borrowed....................................... 211

Seals, use of....................................... 144, 308. 600

Seditious rumours......................................... 70

Seigniory, conveyance of.............................. 188, 220

Seisin, definition of......................................... 213

livery of............................................ 213

of heir.............................................. 251

of pasture, how acquired........................... 293

simple ; see Simple seisin.

Serjeant, false pleading by................................. 84

Serjeanty, tenure by.............................. 336 note, 341

Servitudes or easements.................................. 287

seisin of...................................... 293

Severance of jointenancy.................................. 191

Sheriff.............................................. 4, 73, 75

neglect of duty to parties to suit............... 591, 601

oath of............................................ 16

Sheriff's court.............................................. 113

tourn............................................ 146

redress of nusance at....................... 291

Sic utere tuo ut alienum non loedas......................... 289

' Simple seisin,' lord entitled to, on death of tenant......... 376

See Lord. Slavery, origin of......................................... 159

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Socage, tenure in.................... 336 note, 340, 341, 521, 521)

guardian in........................................ 339

Sokeman, tenant in ancient demesne....................... 344

cannot alien his land........................ 183, 203

immunities of.................................... 344

Sorcery................................................ 35, 147

Statute de donis conditionalibus, alteration of law by,

194 note, 196 note, quia emptores terrarum, effect of, 194 note, 197 note,

208, 336 Statutes :

Magna Charta, c. 1....................................... 24

c. 2...................................... 374

c. 3.............................. 358, 360, 374

c. 3, 4, 5.................................. 350

<. 6................................... 353

c. 7.................................. 246, 353

c. 10..................................... 110

c. 11.................................... 4

c. 12................................... 4, 505

e. 22..................................... 30

c. 25..................................... 153

c, 27..................................... 330

c. 35..................................... 146

c. 36................................ 11, 185

c. 63................................... 466

Statutum Hibernice rle Cohceredibus (14 Hen. III.)........ 357

Statute of Merton (20 Hen. III.)

c. 1........................................... 247

c. 6, 7......................................... 352

c. 6.......................................... 354

o. 7............................................ 353

of Marlborough (52 Hen. III.)

c. 6........................................... 199

c. 8.......................................... 328

References are to top, or running pages.

.Statutes :

PAGI:

c. 10..................................... 146, 151

c. 16..................................... 335, 37(i

c. IT.......................................... 350

c. 18........................................... 7

c. 19........................................... 5

c. 23........................................... 7

c. 23...................................... 144, 339

c. 26......................................... 32

of Acton Burnell (2 Echv. I.)..................... 138

of Westminster 1. (3 Ed\v. 1.)

c. 1......................................... 1. 22

0.2........................................ 353

c. 4........................................... 14

c. 9, 10...................................... 11

c. 10........................................ 13

c. 10, 26...................................... 6

c. 12.......................................... 21

c. 14......................................... 10

c. 15........................................... 150

c. 31.......................................... 351

c. 22...................................... 337, 352

c. 24........................................... 280

c. 38........................................... 503

c. 42....................................... 610

c. 45.......................................... 338

c. 49.......................................... 549

c. 51.......................................... 377

Offlcium Coronatoris (4 Edw. I.)............... 6, 8, 13, 14, 16

Statutum de Bigamis (4 Edw. I.)

Preamble...................................... 1

c. 5.......................................... 24

c. 6........................................, 183

Statute of Gloucester (6 Edw. I.)

c. 1..............................15. 10. 286

References are to top, or running pages. Statutes :

PAGK

c. 4....................................... 196, 343

c. 5............................................. 350

c. 5, 7.......................................... 565

c. 9............................................ 5

Statutum de Militibus (6 Edw. I.).......................... 73

Statute of Mortmain (7 Edw. I.)..................... 186, 334

of Wales (12 Edw. I.)

c. 5............................................ 6

c. 12............................................ o36

Provisiones in Scaceario (12 Edw. I.)..................... 4

Statutum de Moneta (12 Edw. I.)......................21, 28

Statute of Westminster II. (13 Edw. I.)................... 28

e.l.................................... 193, 209, 580

o. 4.........................................559

c. 7............................................ 564

c. 8...........................................308

c. 10............................................ 610

c. 11....................................... 145, 339

c. 14............................................ 182

c. 16............................................ 353

o. 19.......................................... 144

c. 21..........................................343

c.22,25........................................315

c.25.............................226,227,228, 314

c. 25, 26......................................286

o. 26........................................... 328

c. 27........................................... 610

<. 32............................................ 233

c. 34........................................ 228. 554

c. 35........................................... 338

of Merchants (13 Edw. I.)......................... 329

of Winchester (13 Edw. I.), c. 2.................. 32

Ciroumspecte agatis (13 Edw. I.)......................... 24

Statute of Exeter (14 Edw. I.) ..................... 8. 19

References are to top, or running pages. Statutes :

PAGE

Statute of Westminster III. (18 Edw. I.),

c. 1................................... 207, 209, 366

Modus levandi fines (18 Edw. I.)......................... 188

Articuli super C'hartas (28 Edw. I.)

c. 3............................................ 3

c. 10............................................ 27

Statutum de Prcerogativa Regis, c. 2............... 13, 18. 338

Assisa Panis................................... 153, 154, 155

Statutum de Pistoribus, c. 2............................... 154

de Sacramentis Ministrorum Regis.......... 16, 17

Steward of the household, his jurisdiction...............3, 141

Strangers, under the king's protection..............,....... 105

Sturgeons and whales, king's right to...................... 57

Subornation of jurors....................................... 27

Subtraction of homage, cause of forfeiture.................369

Succession, title by ................................... 180, 252

Sufferance, common by..................................... 297

Suit, proof by......................................... 113, 545

of kindred, proof of villenage by......... 169, 170, 449, 509

Suitors judges, in what courts........................... 6, 113

Summons, various kinds of,............................... 597

in assise of Mortdancester................... 402, 406

in writ of right ........................ 590, 597, 599

of jurors in Disseisin............................. 243

Supposititious children................................. 345. 348

Surname, double........................................... 259

Tail, estate................................... 184, 194 note, 455

Tanners, not to be butchers................................ 69

Templars........................................... 182. 596

Tenant for life, feoffment by .............................. 185

Tenants in chief, dismemberment of fees by................ 182

Tenure does not affect status ........................... 162

Tenures, various kinds of..............................336, 350

References are to top, or running pages.

pAon Term, for life and years..........................431 note, 569

Termer, assise against................................ 422, 437

Termer feoffment by...................................... 185

his remedy if ejected.................... 329, 431 note

nature of his estate............................... 570

his right suspended during minority of lessor's

heir...................................... 330, 339

ousted by dowager, how compensated............. 560

Thefbote ............................................69, 148

Theft.................................................. 47, 98

how punished upon fresh suit.................. 47, 150

* Time of peace,' how understood..........................471

Tithing............................................ 10,41,149

mode of admittance into....,..................... 153

Title to land............................................... 250

by possession......................................... 251

Title-deeds, detainer of by widow........................... 555

Tourn ; see Sheriff's tourn.

Tournaments, injuries at................................... 104

Traverse, impost so called.................................. 62

Treason.................................................... 34

appeal of.......................................... 82

how prosecuted................................... 20

petty.......................................... 34, 35

Treasure trove ........................................ 14, 56

Trespass contra paeem, process in......................... 107

expeditious process in special cases of............. 110

form of proceeding in............................ 105

punishment in.................................... 104

Trial of appeal of felony............................. 87, 95, 100

Trial of felons at the king's suit............................ 29

of assise.......................................... 279, 459

of attaint........................................... 574

of status of villenage............................. 168, 263

Triplication.......................................... 425, 428

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Uncertainty............................................ 266, 267

Uncouth, guest so called.................................... 42

Usage, easement founded on............................... 289

Usury .................................................... 147

Utrum, assise of....................................... 496-501

the parson's writ of right........................... 497

Vacations................................................. S77

Vee de naam......................................... 4, 62, 114

Venire inspiciendo, proceedings in.......................... 345

Venire sa mere, infant in, may inherit...................... 575

Verge royal....................................2, 3, 141, 155, 156

inquest of market within..................... 156

jurisdiction of the Steward of the Household

within.................................... 141

Vicarage, vacant, merged in parsonage.................... 474

Vicinage, common by..................................... 297

View, process of...................... 242, 282, 403, 408, 442, 589

in assise of nusance................................. 245

Villain, actions by and against.............................. 164

alienation of....................................... 163

assise by, against lord for his wife's tenement....... 22S>

belonging to several lords.......................... 205

by birth........................................... 162

by recognizance.................................... 160

cannot be devised................................... 163

contracts by........................................ 131

conveyance by.................................... 205

enfranchisement of................... 164, 165, 171, 30;!

incapacity of....................................... 132

Villain, purchase by........................................ 203

Villains, their lives protected............................... 160

no distinction among.............................. 162

Villenage.............................................. 159-173

exception of............... 165, 260, 302, 401, 453, 508

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Villenage, proof of, by suit of kindred............. 169, 449, 509

tenure in....................................... 34,1

tried by assise by consent of parties.... 203, 508, 510

Volenti nonfit injuria.......................,............ 130

Voucher of claimant adverse to lord, a forfeiture........... 555

of warrant in Disseisin............................ 285

in larceny........................... 49. 97

in Mortdancester....................... 410

in plea of dower........................ 536

in writ of right....................... 593

Wager of law, no attaint of proceedings in.............. 24, 512

when admitted.............................. ] 25

Waifs................................................ 57. 148

Walrand, Robert de, penned the Statute of Marlborough,

c. 6............................................... 200

Wand, white, sign of peace................................ 284

Wardship...................................... 336,349-351

incident to what tenure........................ 330

Warrant, voucher of ; see Voucher.

of dower....................................... 558

Warranty by homage................................. 355-359

clause of, in charter of feoffment................ 310

obligation of.......................... 184, 355, 413

of charter, writ of........................... 121, 478

Warren, right of........................................62, 60

Waste by dowager,......................................... 565

by guardians.................................... 351, 410

entry by reversioner on account of.................. 235

Watch, neglected..................................... 67, 148

Watercourse, disturbance of................................ 317

Watoi ing-place, common................................... 318

Waj , disturbance of..................................... 317

Way and water, rights appurtenant to.................... 290

Weights and measures................................ 68, 158

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Weirs, nusances in........................................ 67

White rod, sign of peace................................... 284

Whitetawers.................................... 69 note, 163

Wife, co-defendant with husband...................... 255, 455

incapacity of............................ 183, 186, 272, 598

of felon, punishable as an accomplice................. 100

See Husband.

Wines, assise of....................................... 80. 158

Withernam................................................. 115

Witnesses, proof by, in Court Christian..................... 542

Wizards.................................................. 51

Women, appeals by........................................ 95

Wool, customs on.......................................... 80

Wounding................................................ 14

appeal of....................................... 103

Wreck...................................... 14. 57, 62, 148, 178

Writ de cetate probanda.................................... 350

de libertate probanda...............................167

de magna assisaeligenda............................... 595

de nativo habendo.................................... 166

de odio et atia........................................ 102

de pace habenda....................................... 594

de rationabili parte.................................... 439

de terris liberandis.................................. 350

de venire inspiciendo.................................. 345

effect of abandoning.............................. 236, 247

false or forged....................................... 28

judicial.............................................. 265

jurisdiction limited by............................... 5

oath administered without........................... 7

of Ael............................................ 381, 462

of Assise of Common.................................. 299

of Cosinage...................................... 381. 462

of customs and services.............................. 363

of Entry......................................... 565-574

References are to top, or running pages.

PAGE

Writ of Escheat.................................... 191,301, 577

olfomnedon........................................... 437

of Indicavit.......................................... 557

of Partition........................................... 387

of Pone...................................... 589, 591, 595

of Quare impedit................................... 492

of Quare non admisit.................................. 495

of Quare non permittit............................487, 493

of Quid juris clamat............................. 188 note

of Quo Jure.......................................389

of Quo warranto...................................... 64

of. Quod pcrmittat..................................... 460

of right close................................ 344, 446, 597

of right, defended as a possessory action............... 572

of right of dower..................................... 5B2

of right of marriage,................................ 338

of right of ward..................................... 337

of right patent................................... 588-601

of right patent in county court....................... 088

of right patent in court baron........................ 588

of waste.............................................. 351

to compel warranty in plea of right................... 594

to compel warranty in prosecution for theft........... 50

oyer of............................................ 249

pending, plea of..................................... 236

Writs, distinction of, to be observed........................ 126

Year, day, and waste ................................. 30, 60

Years, estate of lessee for............................... 229-231

Younger brother, entry by ................................ 223

entitled to possession until appearance of the right heir.......................... 237