189. Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding
vacancies and quorum.-
Chapter III.-The State Legislatur
Conduct of Business
(1) Save as otherwise provided in this
Constitution, all questions at any sitting of a House of the
Legislature of a State shall be determined by a majority of votes of
the members present and voting, other than the Speaker or Chairman, or
person acting as such.
The Speaker or Chairman, or person acting as such, shall not vote in
the first instance, but shall have and exercise a casting vote in the
case of an equality of votes.
(2) A House of the Legislature of a State shall have power to act
notwithstanding any vacancy in the membership thereof, and any
proceedings in the Legislature of a State shall be valid
notwithstanding that it is discovered subsequently that some person
who was not entitled so to do sat or voted or otherwise took part in
(3) Until the Legislature of the State by law otherwise provides, the
quorum to constitute a meeting of a House of the Legislature of a
State shall be ten members or one-tenth of the total number of members
of the House, whichever is greater.
(4) If at any time during a meeting of the Legislative Assembly or the
Legislative Council of a State there is no quorum, it shall be the
duty of the Speaker or Chairman, or person acting as such, either to
adjourn the House or to suspend the meeting until there is a quorum.