CHAPTER II. ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS
General 257. Control of the Union over States in certain cases.-
executive power of every State shall be so exercised as not to impede
or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union, and the
executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such
directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be
necessary for that purpose.
(2) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving
of directions to a State as to the construction and maintenance of
means of communication declared in the direction to be of national or
Provided that nothing in this clause shall be taken as restricting the
power of Parliament to declare highways or waterways to be national
highways or national waterways or the power of the Union with respect
to the highways or waterways so declared or the power of the Union to
construct and maintain means of communication as part of its functions
with respect to naval, military and air force works.
(3) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving
of directions to a State as to the measures to be taken for the
protection of the railways within the State.
(4) Where in carrying out any direction given to a State under clause
(2) as to the construction or maintenance of any means of
communication or under clause (3) as to the measures to be taken for
the protection of any railway, costs have been incurred in excess of
those which would have been incurred in the discharge of the normal
duties of the State if such direction had not been given, there shall
be paid by the Government of India to the State such sum as may be
agreed, or, in default of agreement, as may be determined by an
arbitrator appointed by the Chief Justice of India, in respect of the
extra costs so incurred by the State.