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THE CONSTITUTION (THIRTY-SECOND AMENDMENT) ACT, 1973

Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution
       (Thirty-third Amendment) Bill, 1973 which was enacted as
         the Constitution (Thirty-second Amendment) Act, 1973

STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

When  the  State  of  Andhra   Pradesh  was  formed  in  1956,  certain
safeguards  were  envisaged  for the Telangana area in the  matter   of
development  and  also in the matter of employment  opportunities  and
educational facilities for the residents of that area.  The provisions
of clause (1) of article 371 of the Constitution were intended to give
effect to certain features of these safeguards.  The Public Employment
(Requirement  as  to Residence) Act, 1957, was enacted inter  alia  to
provide  for employment opportunities for residents of Telangana area.
But  in 1969, the Supreme Court held the relevant provision of the Act
to  be  unconstitutional  is so far as it related  to  the   safeguards
envisaged  for the Telangana area.  Owing to a variety of causes,  the
working  of  the  safeguards  gave  rise   to  a   certain  amount   of
dissatisfaction  sometimes in the Telangana area and sometimes in  the
other  areas of the State.  Measures were devised from time to time to
resolve the problems.  Recently several leaders of Andhra Pradesh made
a  concerted effort to analyse the factors which have been giving rise
to  the dissatisfaction and find enduring answers to the problems with
a  view  to  achieving fuller emotional integration of the  people   of
Andhra  Pradesh.  On the 21st September, 1973, they suggested  certain
measures  (generally  known  as the Six-Point  Formula)   indicating  a
uniform approach for promoting accelerated development of the backward
areas  of  the State so as to secure the balanced development  of  the
State  as  a  whole  and  for  providing  equitable   opportunities  to
different  areas of the State in this matter of education,  employment
and  career  prospects in public services.  This formula has  received
wide  support  in  Andhra Pradesh and has been endorsed by  the   State
Government.

2.   This  Bill  has  been brought forward to  provide  the  necessary
constitutional authority for giving effect to the Six-Point Formula in
so  far as it relates to the provision of equitable opportunities  for
people  of different areas of the State in the matter of admission  to
educational  institutions and public employment and constitution of an
Administrative  Tribunal  with  jurisdiction  to  deal  with    certain
disputes  and  grievances relating to public services.  The Bill  also
seeks  to  empower Parliament to legislate for establishing a  Central
University  in the State and contains provisions of an incidental  and
consequential  nature  including the provision for the  validation  of
certain  appointments  made  in the past.  As  the   Six-Point  Formula
provides  for the discontinuance of the Regional Committee constituted
under  clause  (1) of article 371 of the Constitution, the  Bill  also
provides for the repeal of that clause.

NEW DELHI; UMA SHANKAR DIKSHIT.

The 12th December, 1973.


THE CONSTITUTION (THIRTY-SECOND AMENDMENT) ACT, 1973

[3rd May, 1974.]

An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.

BE  it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-fourth Year of the Republic
of India as follows:-

1.   Short  title  and commencement (1).- This Act may be  called  the
Constitution (Thirty-second Amendment) Act, 1973.

(2)  It  shall  come  into  force on  such  date_666  as  the  Central
Government may, by notification in the official Gazette, appoint.

2.   Amendment  of  article   371.-Clause (1) of  article  371  of  the
Constitution  shall  be omitted, and in the marginal heading  to  that
article, the words "Andhra Pradesh," shall be omitted.

3.  Insertion of new articles 371D and 371E.-After article 371C of the
Constitution, the following articles shall be inserted, namely:-

"371D.   Special  provisions   with  respect to  the  State  of  Andhra
Pradesh.-(1) The President may by order made with respect to the State
of  Andhra  Pradesh provide, having regard to the requirements of  the
State  as a whole, for equitable opportunities and facilities for  the
people  belonging  to different parts of the State, in the  matter  of
public  employment  and  in  the matter of  education,  and   different
provisions may be made for various parts of the State.

(2) An order made under clause (1) may, in particular,-

(a)  require the State Government to organise any class or classes  of
posts  in  civil  service of, or any class or classes of  civil   posts
under,  the  State into different local cadres for different parts  of
the  State and allot in accordance with such principles and  procedure
as may be specified in the order the persons holding such posts to the
local cadres so organised;

(b)  specify any part or parts of the State which shall be regarded as
the local area-

(i)  for  direct  recruitment  to posts in any  local  cadre  (whether
organised  in pursuance of an order under this article or  constituted
otherwise) under the State Government;

(ii)  for  direct  recruitment to posts in any cadre under  any  local
authority within the State;  and

(iii) for the purposes of admission to any University within the State
or  to  any  other  educational institution which is  subject   to  the
control of the State Government;

(c) specify the extent to which, the manner in which and the
conditions subject to which, preference or reservation shall be given
or made-

(i)  in  the matter of direct recruitment to posts in any  such  cadre
referred  to  in sub-clause (b) as may be specified in this behalf  in
the order;

(ii)  in  the  matter  of admission to any such  University  or  other
educational  institution  referred  to  in sub-clause (b)  as   may  be
specified in this behalf in the order,

to  or  in  favour of candidates who have resided or studied  for  any
period  specified  in the order in the local area in respect  of  such
cadre,  University  or other educational institution, as the case  may
be.

(3)  The  President may, by order, provide for the constitution of  an
Administrative  Tribunal  for the State of Andhra Pradesh to  exercise
such  jurisdiction, powers and authority [including any  jurisdiction,
power  and authority which immediately before the commencement of  the
Constitution  (Thirty-second Amendment) Act, 1973, was exercisable  by
any  court (other than the Supreme Court) or by any tribunal or  other
authority]  as  may  be  specified in the order with  respect   to  the
following matters, namely:---

(a)  appointment,  allotment or promotion to such class or classes  of
posts  in any civil service of the State, or to such class or  classes
of  civil posts under the State, or to such class or classes of  posts
under  the control of any local authority within the State, as may  be
specified in the order;

(b) seniority of persons appointed, allotted or promoted to such class
or  classes  of  posts in any civil service of the State, or  to   such
class  or classes of civil posts under the State, or to such class  or
classes  of posts under the control of any local authority within  the
State, as may be specified in the order;

(c) such other conditions of service of persons appointed, allotted or
promoted to such class or classes of posts in any civil service of the
State or to such class or classes of civil posts under the State or to
such  class  or  classes  of  posts under the  control   of  any  local
authority within the State, as may be specified in the order.

(4) An order made under clause (3) may-

(a)  authorise the Administrative Tribunal to receive   representations
for  the  redress  of  grievances relating to any  matter   within  its
jurisdiction  as  the President may specify in the order and  to  make
such orders thereon as the Administrative Tribunal deems fit;

(b) contain such provisions with respect to the powers and authorities
and  procedure  of the Administrative Tribunal  (including  provisions
with  respect  to the powers of the Administrative Tribunal to  punish
for contempt of itself) as the President may deem necessary;

(c)  provide  for the transfer to the Administrative Tribunal of  such
classes  of proceedings, being proceedings relating to matters  within
its  jurisdiction and pending before any court (other than the Supreme
Court)  or  tribunal  or  other   authority   immediately  before   the
commencement of such order, as may be specified in the order;

(d) contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions
(including provisions as to fees and as to limitation, evidence or for
the  application of any law for the time being in force subject to any
exceptions or modifications) as the President may deem necessary.

(5)  The order of the Administrative Tribunal finally disposing of any
case  shall  become  effective  upon its  confirmation  by   the  State
Government or on the expiry of three months from the date on which the
order is made, whichever is earlier:

Provided  that  the  State Government may, by special  order  made  in
writing  and for reasons to be specified therein, modify or annul  any
order  or the Administrative Tribunal before it becomes effective  and
in  such  a case, the order of the Administrative Tribunal shall  have
effect  only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may
be.

(6) Every special order made by the State Government under the proviso
to  clause  (5)  shall be laid, as soon as may be after  it  is   made,
before both Houses of the State Legislature.

(7)  The  High  Court  for  the State shall not  have  any  powers  of
superintendence  over the Administrative Tribunal and no court  (other
than  the Supreme Court) or tribunal shall exercise any  jurisdiction,
power  or  authority  in  respect  of   any   matter  subject  to   the
jurisdiction,   power  or  authority  of,  or  in   relation  to,   the
Administrative Tribunal.

(8)  If the President is satisfied that the continued existence of the
Administrative  Tribunal is not necessary, the President may by  order
abolish  the Administrative Tribunal and make such provisions in  such
order  as  he  may  deem fit for the transfer and  disposal   of  cases
pending before the Tribunal immediately before such abolition.

(9)  Notwithstanding  any  judgment,   decree or order  of  any  court,
tribunal or other authority,-

(a) no appointment, posting, promotion or transfer of any person-

(i) made before the 1st day of November, 1956, to any post under the
Government of, or any local authority within, the State of Hyderabad
as it existed before that date; or

(ii)  made before the commencement of the Constitution  (Thirty-second
Amendment)  Act,  1973,  to any post under the Government of,  or   any
local or other authority within, the State of Andhra Pradesh;  and

(b)  no action taken or thing done by or before any person referred to
in sub-clause (a),

shall  be deemed to be illegal or void or ever to have become  illegal
or  void merely on the ground that the appointment, posting, promotion
or  transfer  of such person was not made in accordance with any  law,
then  in  force, providing for any requirement as to residence  within
the  State of Hyderabad or, as the case may be, within any part of the
State  of  Andhra  Pradesh, in respect of such  appointment,   posting,
promotion or transfer.

(10)  The  provisions  of this article and of any order  made  by  the
President thereunder shall have effect notwithstanding anything in any
other  provision of this Constitution or in any other law for the time
being in force.

371E.   Establishment  of  Central    University  in  Andhra  Pradesh.-
Parliament may by law provide for the establishment of a University in
the State of Andhra Pradesh.".

4.   Amendment  of  Seventh Schedule.-In the Seventh Schedule  to  the
Constitution, in List I, in entry 63, for the words "Delhi University,
and", the words, figures and letter "Delhi University;  the University
established in pursuance of article 371E;" shall be substituted.


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