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PART SEVEN / FINAL PROVISIONS
I. Amendment of the Constitution, Participation in Elections and Referenda
ARTICLE 175. The constitutional amendment shall be proposed in writing by at least
one-third of the total number of members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly. Proposals
to amend the Constitution shall be debated twice in the Plenary Session. The adoption of a
proposal for an amendment shall require a three-fifths majority of the total number of
members of the Assembly by a secret ballot.
The consideration and adopting of proposals for the amendment of the Constitution shall
be subject to the provisions governing the consideration and adoption of legislation, with
the exception of the conditions set forth in this article.
The President of the Republic may refer the laws related to the Constitutional
amendments for further consideration. If the Assembly adopts the draft law referred by the
President by a two-thirds majority, the President may submit the law to referendum.
If a law is adopted by a three-fifths or less than two-thirds majority of the total
number of votes of the Assembly and is not referred by the President for further
consideration, it shall be published in the Official Gazette and shall be submitted to
A law on the Constitutional amendment adopted by a two-thirds majority of the total
number of members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly directly or if referred by the
President for further consideration, or its articles as considered necessary may be
submitted to a referendum by the President. Laws or related articles of the Constitutional
amendment not submitted to referendum shall be published in the Official Gazette.
Laws related to Constitutional amendment which are submitted to referendum, shall
require the approval of more than half of the valid votes cast.
The Turkish Grand National Assembly, in adopting the laws related to the Constitutional
amendment, shall also decide on which provisions shall be submitted to referendum together
and which shall be submitted individually.
Every measure including fines shall be taken to secure participation in referenda,
general, by-elections and local elections.
II. Preamble and Headings of Articles
ARTICLE 176. The Preamble, which states the basic views and principles underlying the
Constitution, shall form an integral part of the Constitution.
The headings of articles merely indicate the subject matter of the articles, their
order, and the connections between them. These headings shall not be regarded as a part of
the text of the Constitution.
III. Entry into Force of the Constitution
ARTICLE 177. On its adoption by referendum and its publication in the Official Gazette,
this Constitution shall become the Constitution of the Republic of Turkey and shall come
into force in its entirety, subject to the following exceptions and the provisions
relating to their entry into force:
a. The provisions of Part II, Chapter II relating to personal liberty, to security, the
press, publication and the media, and the right to freedom of assembly.
The provisions of Chapter III, relating to labour, collective agreements, the right to
strike, and lockout.
These provisions shall come into force when the relevant legislation is promulgated, or
when the existing legislation is amended, and at the latest, when the Turkish Grand
National Assembly assumes its functions. However until their entry into force, existing
legislation and the decrees and decisions of the Council of National Security shall apply.
b. The provisions of Part II relating to political parties and the right to engage in
political activities, shall come into force on the promulgation of the new Political
Parties Act, which is to be prepared in accordance with these provisions.
The right to vote and stand for election shall come into force on the promulgation of
the Elections Act, also to be prepared in accordance with these provisions.
c. The provisions of part III, relating to legislative power:
These provisions shall come into force on the proclamation of the results of the first
general elections. However, the provisions relating to the functions and powers of the
Turkish Grand National Assembly which take place in this section shall be exercised by the
Council of National Security until the Turkish Grand National Assembly assumes its
functions, the provisions of Act No. 2485 of 29 June 1981 on the Constituent Assembly
d. The provisions of Part III relating to the functions and powers of the President of
the Republic and to the State Supervisory Council under the heading "President of the
Republic"; to regulations, National Defence, procedures governing emergency rule
under the heading "Council of Ministers"; to all other provisions under the
heading "Administration", except local administration, and except the Atatürk
High Institution of Culture, Language and History; and all the provisions relating to the
judiciary power, except the Courts of the Security of the State, shall come into force on
publication in the Official Gazette of the adoption by referendum of the Constitution. The
provisions relating to local administrations and to the Courts for State Security shall
come into force on the promulgation of the relevant legislation.
e. If new legislation, or amendments to existing legislation are required in connection
with the constitutional provisions which are to come into force on the proclamation of the
adoption by referendum of the Constitution or in connection with existing or future
institutions, organisations and agencies, the procedure to be followed shall be subject to
those provisions of existing laws which are not unconstitutional, or to the provisions of
the Constitution, in accordance with Article 11 of the Constitution.
The second paragraph of Article 164 regulating the procedure for the consideration of
draft final accounts shall come into force in 1984.