|If we do not hang together we will all hang separately.
— Benjamin Franklin
Unity and Federalism
|Click on the button to get the indicated file
Unification versus Separation
- Federalist Papers,
James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay.
- Constitution of the Iroquois
|"The Constitution of most of our states (and of the United
States) assert that all power is inherent in the people; that they may exercise
it by themselves; that it is their right and duty to be at all times armed and
that they are entitled to freedom of person, freedom of religion, freedom of
property, and freedom of press."
— Thomas Jefferson
State and Provincial Constitutions
U.S. State Constitutions and
Links to Federalism Sites
- Federalism and the Courts
- Cases & Materials on American
Federalism, online course by Douglas Amber.
Frontier — Atlantic Union Now, by Clarence K. Streit —
Classic treatise on international conflict and federalism. Also see a
Review by Jon Roland.
- Union Now, Clarence K. Streit (1939)
— Classic work which sought to prevent World War II.
- Association to Unite the Democracies. Email to:
email@example.com — Seeks a
federal union of the more advanced democratic countries through a
constitutional convention. Has some excellent materials on federal principles
and processes. Founded by Clarence K. Streit.
- European Movement — Association
contributing to the establishment of a unified, federal Europe.
- Union of European Federalists (UEF) —
Independent and non-governmental, supranational organisation, dedicated to the
promotion of a federal Europe.
- Campaign for a European Federal Constitution —
Seek a federal constitution for Europe.
- European Convention — Seek a
constitutional convention for Europe.
- European Federal Union — Promote
European federation in Britain.
- European Union (EU) in the US — Seeks a
federal union of the European countries, but have been proceeding through a
gradualist process that raises questions of constitutional legitimacy. But
provides insight into the problems of integrating disparate political and legal
- The History of Europe as a Supranational
Region: Primary Documents — Collection of historical documents.
- Treaty of Westphalia, 1648 —
Made peace in Europe for a while.
Separation and Liberation
Sometimes people decide they cannot secure their rights within the
framework of an existing polity, and must separate from it. We generally favor
enforcing constitutional compliance within an existing polity, but sometimes
independence is the only way. We devote a separate page to some of these
Separatist, Independence, and Decentralization