Everything comes to an end. What matters
in the end is not how long something endured
but what it stood for.
— Jon Roland, 1958.
Pledge of allegiance
I pledge allegiance to the Constitution
for the United States of America,
and to the principles for which it stands:
one Supreme Law [under God], indivisible,
with liberty and justice for all.
Inclusion on that page does not indicate we consider the
person strictly faithful to the Constitution according to the standards
of Jefferson and Madison, only that they deviate less than most.
Current Elected officials
Current candidates for elected office (to be provided later in campaign season)
Recent candidates for elected office
Paul — Former member, U.S. House of Representatives (R-TX 14th),
former Libertarian candidate for president. Also see this alternate site.
Badnarik — Libertarian Party nominee for U.S. House of
Smither — Libertarian Party nominee for U.S. House of
— Libertarian candidate for Texas Attorney General.
— Libertarian Party nominee for Texas Senate.
— Candidate for Libertarian Party nomination for U.S. President.
Campagna — Libertarian Party nominee for U.S. Vice-President.
Keyes — Candidate for Republican nomination for President in
Phillips — Candidate for Constitution Party nomination for
L. Neil Smith
— Candidate for Libertarian Party nomination for President.
— Candidate for Libertarian Party nomination for President and the Constitution
Party of California
— Republican nominee for U.S. Representative, California 5th Dist.,
against Democrat incumbent.
Rothfeld — Candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S.
Representative, Virginia 1st District.
Schafer — Candidate for Washington State Supreme Court.
Cranberg — Candidate for Republican nomination for U.S.
Senate. Retired physicist. Advocate for older persons.
Stephen Kinsella — Libertarian candidate for Texas Court of
Criminal Appeals, 2002. Lawyer in Houston, Texas.
Baldwin — Constitution Party nominee for U.S. President 2008.
Peroutka — Constitution Party nominee for U.S. President 2004.
Spielbauer — Candidate for Superior Court Judge, Santa Clara
County, California, 2002.
P. Gray — California judge, Libertarian candidate for U.S.
Senate from California.
McLeod — Candidate for 6th Congressional District, South
Former elected officials
We have found no judges anywhere who are consistently faithful
to the Constitution, but it seemed appropriate to include the least
unfaithful of those available, based on some of their opinions or
Clarence Thomas — Associate Justice, United States Supreme Court. For his opinion in the Lopez
Diane Sykes — Judge, Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. For her opinions on several issues.
Janice Rogers Brown — Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. formner Associate Justice, California Supreme Court. For her speech before the Federalist Society, U. of Chicago, April 20, 2000.
Edith Jones — Judge, Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals. For her talk on judicial corruption.
Sam Cummings — Judge, United States District Court for the
Fifth Circuit. For his opinion in the Emerson
Andrew Kleinfeld — Judge, United States Circuit Court of
Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
1995 Vol. 46, No. 2.
Alex Kozinski — Judge, United States Circuit Court of
Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
David Sentelle — Judge, United States Circuit Court of
Appeals for the DC Circuit. Author of " Lopez Speaks, Is Anyone
Lawyers, law professors, historians, and scholars
Reed Amar — Professor, Yale Law School. Author of The
Bill of Rights.
O. Appleby — Professor of History, UCLA. Author of numerous publications.
Arkes — Professor, Amherst College. Author of The
Return of George Sutherland.
Banning — Professor
of History at the University of Kentucky. Author of The
Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal
Barnett — Professor
at Georgetown University School of Law, author of .
Structure of Liberty
William (Will) Baude — Professor
at University of Chicago School of Law, author of " Rethinking the Federal Eminent Domain Power" 122 Yale Law Journal 1738 (2013).
Becraft — Lawyer who has won some landmark legal reform
cases, especially on income tax issues.
Belz — Professor of Constitutional History, University of
G. Bernhoft — Leading defense lawyer for several income tax
E. Bernstein — Professor, George Mason University School of
Bopp, Jr. — Lawyer, founder of James Madison
Center for Free Speech, leading defender against abuses of
"campaign reform" statutes.
— Was candidate for Republican nomination for U.S. Representative,
Texas 7th Dist.
Caddell — Defense counsel for the Davidians abused in the Waco incident.
Calabresi — Professor of Constitutional Law, Northwestern
University School of Law, Co-Founder of the Federalist Society.
Clark — Former U.S. Attorney General. Represented Davidian
survivors. Founder of International
Codevilla — Fellow at Claremont Institute, Professor at
Coulter — Sometimes abrasive, but some of her books are
Crier — Former judge and television journalist, author of .
Case Against lawyers
Cropsey — Extensive work on Fourth and Fifth Amendment issues.
Cross, Professor of Business Law, University of Texas at
P. Denning — Assistant Professor of Law, Southern Illinois
University School of Law, Carbondale, IL. Author of several important
articles on the Second Amendment and a book on the Commerce Clause. See
the Simple Cite Be Trusted?
DiLorenzo — Professor of economics at Loyola College in
Maryland, adjunct scholar of the Mises
Institute. Author of an interesting paper
on the 14th Amendment.
J. Duane — Professor, Regent School of Law.
A. Epstein — Professor, U. of Chicago Law School. Author of Takings,
which argues all New Deal legislation was unconstitutional.
— Lawyer, DC, writes on constitutional issues. Founder of American
Ferran — Lawyer who has done extensive work on property
Fisher — Scholar in Residence at the Constitution Project.
Much work on separation of powers.
Elizabeth Price Foley — Institute for Justice
Chair in Constitutional Litigation and Professor of Law at Florida International University (FIU) College
of Law. Author of .
The Tea Party: Three Principles
Forte — Professor, Cleveland-Marshall School of Law.
J. Franck — Professor and Chairman of Political Science,
A. Graglia, Professor, University of Texas at Austin School
Michael S. Greve, Chairman of the Competitive Enterprise Institute. Author of (Harvard University Press, 2012).
The Upside-Down Constitution
Grossack — Constitutional attorney based in Massachusetts.
P. Halbrook — Lawyer specializing in constitutional cases,
especially involving the Second Amendment.
A. Hamilton — Professor, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law,
author of Representation
and Nondelegation: Back to Basics, 20 Cardozo L. Rev. 807
Hamowy — Professor Emeritus of History, University of
Alberta. Editor, .
Letters: Essays on Liberty by John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon
Hardy — Lawyer specializing in constitutional cases,
especially involving the Second Amendment.
C. Harrison — Professor, U. Virginia School of Law.
Hasnas — Associate Professor, Georgetown University McDonough
School of Business.
— Lawyer strong on constitutional cases, such as the Emerson
L. Hirsen — Has site First Liberties.
Author of The Coming Collision: Global Law vs. U.S. Liberties
and Government by Decree: From President to Dictator Through
J. Hooper — President
Federalist Society for Law & Public Policy.
Jaffa — Professor, Claremont McKenna College.
B. Klein — Professor of Economics, George Mason Uniuversity.
Lash — Professor of Law, Loyola Law School, Los Angeles,
author of " The
Lost History of the Ninth Amendment".
S. Lawson — Professor, Boston University Law School.
— Professor, Stanford Law School, Stanford, California; cyberlaw and
Levey — President, Committee for Justice.
O. Linder — Professor, University of Missouri-Kansas City
School of Law. Numerous articles on famous court cases.
Lopez — Assoc. Professor, San Jose State University. Author
Pursuit of Justice: Law and Economics of Legal Institutions
Lund — Professor, George Mason University School of Law.
Machan — Professor of Business and Economics, Chapman
University, and fellow of the Hoover Institute.
Mansfield — Professor of Government, Harvard University.
McDonald — Professor of History, University of Alabama,
specializing in the U.S. Constitution.
O. McGinnis — Professor, Northwestern University School of
Meese III — Former U.S. Attorney General.
Moglen — Professor of law and legal history at Columbia
University Law School, serves without fee as general counsel of the Free Software
Napolitano — Former judge, Fox News commentator, author of Constitution
in Exile and Constitutional Chaos.
G. Natelson — Fellow, Independence Institute.
E. Nelson — Professor, New York University School of Law,
author of The Fourteenth Amendment: From Political Principle
to Judicial Doctrine. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Bruce T. Olson — Heads the
Jury Foundation, leading grand jury reformer, wrote
introduction to , George J. Edwards (1906).
J. Olson — Constitutional attorney based in Virginia.
Stokes Paulsen — Professor, U. St. Thomas School of Law.
J. Pitney, Jr. — Professor of Politics, Claremont McKenna
Prakash — Professor, U. San Diego School of Law.
B. Presser — Raoul Berger Professor of Legal History,
Northwestern U. Center for Legal Studies.
A. Pucillo — Assistant Professor of Law, Ave Maria School of
Paul A. Rahe — Professor of History, University of Tulsa.
Republics: Ancient & Modern: Classical
Republicanism and the American Revolution, Chapel Hill: U.
North Carolina Pr., 1994, and " The
Martial Republics of Ancient Greece", Wilson Quarterly (1993).
B. Rappaport — Professor, University of San Diego School of
H. Reynolds — Professor of Law, University of Tennessee
College of Law.
— Lawyer specializing in constitutional cases, especially involving
taxes and the RKBA.
Gary Rosen — Managing Editor,
Magazine. Author of Commentary American Compact: James Madison and the
Problem of Founding.
Roots — Lawyer and founder of the Prison Crisis Project,
author of several articles.
S. Rozeff — Retired Professor of Finance, author of several
articles on the financial crisis.
Schoenbrod — Professor, New York Law School, author of Power
Without Responsibility: How Congress Abuses the People Through
Delegation, Yale University Press, 1995.
D. Shaffer — Professor, Southwestern University School of Law.
E. Shalhope — Professor of History, University of Oklahoma.
C. Sisk — Professor, Drake University Law School.
A. Smith — Professor, Capital University Law School. Former
member, Federal Election Commission.
Spence — Legendary trial lawyer, author of several dissident
Solum — Professor, U. San Diego Law School, law theory blog.
A. Stern — Associate Professor, Regent School of Law.
Suber — Professor of Philosophy, Earlham College, author of
the metagame Nomic
and author of .
Paradox of Self-Amendment
J. "Nick" Szabo — Law Student.
Deanell Tacha — Former Judge, United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit. Now Dean of the Pepperdine University School of Law. Author of " Independence
of the Judiciary for the Third Century", Mercier LR, Winter
Barrett Tillman — Career federal law clerk.
A. Tucker — Professor, Regent School of Law.
Turley — Professor, George Washington University School of
P. Tuskey — Assistant Professor, Regent School of Law.
Van Alstyne — Professor of Law, Duke University School of Law.
— Constitutional attorney based in Austin, Texas. Also has an
organization, Peaceable Texans for Firearms Rights.
J. Victor — Was fired as an Arizona pro tempore judge for
taking a principled position in defense of the Constitution after only
one hour of service.
— Lawyer, author of several books on constitutional law.
Volokh — Professor, UCLA School of Law.
J. Watkins, Jr. — Author of Reclaiming the American
Revolution: The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions and Their Legacy,
Palgrave MacMillan, 2004.
Whittington — Professor Politics, Princeton U.
E. Williams — Professor of Economics, George Mason University.
Clyde N. Wilson — Professor of History, University of South
Carolina. Author of
Union to Empire: Essays in the Jeffersonian Tradition
Wolfe — Professor Political Science, Marquette U..
Wolfgram — Lawyer who challenged public corruption and was
ordered to not practice law by a judge sua sponte.
Woods — Fellow of Ludwig Mises Institute, author of nine
books, some bestsellers.
who specialize on Scholars and Lawyers firearms rights.
Most people have the will to win, few have the will to
prepare to win.
— College basketball coach Bobby Knight. Activists
Cramer — Second Amendment historian.
Daniel Druck — Former Libertarian candidate for U.S.
Representative in Illinois.
Kidd — Patriot activist, former candidate for U.S.
Representative in California.
Groups and individuals closely associated with groups
Historical Figures Lawyers, law professors, historians, and scholars
Pittman — Constitutionalist, and scholar of George Mason, a
major contributor to the Virginia Declaration of Rights, Declaration of
Independence, and Bill of Rights. Collection of his writings.