Separatist, Independence, and Decentralization Movements

Sometimes people decide they cannot secure their rights within the framework of an existing polity, and must separate from it. Sometimes they live in an occupied country, and the occupying power has no intention of extending the full rights of citizenship to them, or of complying with constitutional principles. We generally favor enforcing constitutional compliance within an existing polity, but sometimes independence is the only way. We distinguish them from Freedom Movements and Republican Movements. The following are links to some movements of this kind. Inclusion does not indicate approval or support, only relevance.

Click on the button to get the indicated file format:
Format HTML Text WP PDF RTF Word Image
Local HTML Version or Menu Text Version Zipped WordPerfect Adobe PDF RTF MS Word Version Graphic Image
Remote Remote Link - HTML Remote Link - Text Remote Link - Wordperfect Remote Link - PDF Remote Link - RTF Remote Link - Word Remote Link - Image
  • {short description of image} U.S. Declaration of Independence — The prototype for constitutional government began with a war for independence, so we can hardly deny the right of people to separate if they cannot secure their constitutional rights within an existing polity. Most independence movements look to this document for their inspiration.
  • Remote Link - HTML Movements for National, Ethnic Liberation or Regional Autonomy — Autonomy, Secession, Independence and Nationalist Movements.
  • Remote Link - HTML Secession.Net — Radical libertarian project to create a worldwide secessionist network.
  • Remote Link - HTML Homelands — Autonomy, Secession, Independence and Nationalist Movements.
  • Remote Link - HTML Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation (UNPO) — international organisation created by nations and peoples around the world, who are not represented as such in the world�s principal international organisations.
  • Remote Link - HTML Google: Society > Issues > Territorial Disputes
  • Azerbaijan
    • Remote Link - HTML Nagorno-Karabakh Republic — Nagorno-Karabakh dispute from the Armenian viewpoint.
    • Remote Link - HTML Karabakh.org — Nagorno-Karabakh dispute from the Azeri viewpoint.
  • Belgium
    • Remote Link - HTML Vlaams Belang — Flemish independence party. Founded by same persons who founded now disbanded Vlaams Blok.
    • Remote Link - HTML New Flemish Alliance (NVA) — For an independent Flanders within a federal Europe. Split off from Volksunie.
    • Remote Link - HTML Spirit — For decentralization rather than Flemish separation. Split off from Volksunie.
    • 2
    • Remote Link - HTML Lijst Dedecker (LDD) — Has Flemish independence written in its political program; has reached the Belgian electoral treshold and is seated in the Belgian parlement with 5 members, as of 2007/11/14.
  • Bougainville
    • Remote Link - HTML Bougainville — The Forgotten War in the South Pacific.
    • Remote Link - HTML Bougainville Independence — A history of the island's struggle for freedom, from the World History Archives.
    • Remote Link - HTML Bougainville Updates — Latest news on the struggle for independence.
  • Britain
    • Remote Link - HTML UK Independence Party — Assert traditional (mostly unwritten) UK constitution and oppose illegitmate subjection of it to that of the European Union.
    • Remote Link - HTML Scottish National Party — Their current program is directed at independence within the European Union, which leaves many questions about what the relationship with England would be, but their support is growing, and the recently elected Labour government has promised the Scottish Parliament greater autonomy.
    • Remote Link - HTML Scots for Independence — History, articles, and links.
    • Remote Link - HTML Scottish Independence — Scotland's move towards independence.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Scottish Distributist — Nothing short of independence for Scotland will do — free of both Westminster and Brussels.
    • Remote Link - HTML Siol nan Gaidheal — Cultural and fraternal organization supporting Scottish independence.
    • Remote Link - HTML Scots Independence Tour — The current situation, historical perspective, and prospects for the future.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Campaign for Scottish Independence — Prefer non-violent methods.
    • Remote Link - HTML Cornish Stannary Parliament — Kernow, also known as Cornwall, is a nation conquered by England whose original people were Celtic, like the Welsh and Scots, and are trying to defend their heritage.
    • Remote Link - HTML Mebyon Kernow - the Party for Cornwall — Cornish, Green, Left-of-center and decentralist.
    • Remote Link - HTML Cymru Annibynnol – Independent Wales Party — Seek Welsh independence.
    • Remote Link - HTML Cymru 1400 — Welsh nationalist/republican movement that aims for a Welsh republic and to defend Cymru, its language and culture.
    • Remote Link - HTML Plaid Cymru - The Party of Wales — Welsh nationalist/republican movement, opposed to the National Assembly for Wales.
      • Remote Link - HTML TribanCoch — Journal of the Plaid Cymru membership.
      • Remote Link - HTML Cymdeithas DJ — Research and public education to preserve and promote the Welsh language (Cymru).
    • Remote Link - HTML Welsh Distributist Movement — Radical Right-wing alternative to Plaid Cymru.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Welsh Assembly — Not the official parliamentary body, or a group seeking independence for Wales, but a group who oppose British membership in the European Union.
    • Remote Link - HTML Mec Vannin — Political party advocating full republican independence of Mannin (the Isle of Man).
    • Remote Link - HTML Ulster Nation — Campaigns for independence from both Great Britain and Eire.
      • Remote Link - HTML  — Oldehttp://www.angelfire.com/sc2/scotsforindependencer site.
    • Remote Link - HTML Campaign for an English Parliament — You thought England already had a parliament? They seek one separate from Scotland, Wales, Ulster, etc.
    • Remote Link - HTML English Democrats Party — Seek separate English Parliament, constitution.
    • Remote Link - HTML Silent Majority — Not so silent, also against membership of Britain in the EU.
  • Canada
    • Remote Link - HTML The Western Canada Concept — Movement dedicated to building an independent nation of Western Canada.
    • Remote Link - HTML Alberta Independence Party — Party which advocates the independence of Alberta under certain circumstances.
    • Remote Link - HTML British Columbia Separatist Movement — Seek independence for the province.
    • Remote Link - HTML BC Sovereignty — Advocate independence of British Columbia.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Republic of Alberta — Dedicated to the secession of Alberta.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Newfoundland Patriot — Advocate independence of Newfoundland and Labrador.
    • Remote Link - HTML Ontario Independence League — Advocate independence of Ontario.
    • Remote Link - HTML Cape Breton Liberation Army — Comedy troup satirically "fighting" for the right of Cape Bretoners to separate from Nova Scotia and form their own province.
    • Remote Link - HTML Mouvement de lib�ration nationale du Qu�bec (MLNQ) — They seek independence for Quebec, the predominantly French-speaking province of predominantly English-speaking Canada, mainly to try to prevent their assimilation into the larger English-speaking world. Unfortunately, it is not political union that produces that assimilatiion, and independence will not end it. The world is adopting English as its universal language, something that is no longer reversible, due to the global system of trade and communications. There are indications, however, of a conspiracy to promote Quebec independence to bring about a breakup of Canada and the admission of its English-speaking provinces as states of the the United States. There is already a strong movement for U.S. statehood in the Western provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan. British Columbia would have to change its name. This site is entirely in French.
  • Chechnya
    • Remote Link - HTML History of Chechnya, Past of the Chechen Republic — History up to the Russia - Chechnya War of 1994-1996.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Chechen War after the Fall of Grozny — Report on the struggle in Chechnya.
    • Remote Link - HTML Russia vs Chechnya — Basics of the Russian-Chechen conflict.
  • China
    • Remote Link - HTML International Tibet Independence Movement
    • Remote Link - HTML Government of Tibet in Exile— Official site.
    • Remote Link - HTML Free Tibet!— The world-wide movement to achieve freedom and justice for Tibet, occupied by China since 1959. Although these efforts are mainly nonviolent, we encourage the support of an armed resistance to back up the political efforts. See Letter by Jon Roland.
    • Remote Link - HTML Free Tibet — Old site.
    • Remote Link - HTML National Democratic Party of Tibet— Supports the restoration of Tibetan independence under a democratic framework.
    • Remote Link - HTML Taiwan Independence Movement — Advocate abandoning "one-China" farce.
    • Remote Link - HTML Inner Mongolian People's Party — Advocates freedom, democracy and human rights for the Mongols in Inner Mongolia currently under Chinese colonial rule.
    • Remote Link - HTML Free Southern Mongolia — Supports the Mongolian separatist movement.
    • Remote Link - HTML Southern Mongolian Freedom Federation — Statements published by the organization and photographs of protests which it has staged.
    • Remote Link - HTML East Turkestan Information Center — Advocates the cause of Uyghur (Uighur) independence.
  • European Union — Not a nation yet and already it has separatist movements.
    • Remote Link - HTML UK Independence Party — Seeks Britain's withdrawal from the European Union, opposes sunbjection of UK (mostly unwritten) constitution to that of the EU.
    • Remote Link - HTML Europe of Democracies and Diversities (EDD) — Group of parliamentarians favoring a democratic Europe of independent nation-states.
    • Remote Link - HTML Europe of Nations — Eurosceptic anti-Maastricht, anti-EU group (in European Parliament)
    • Remote Link - HTML Campaign for an Independent Britain (CIB) — Coalition group which seeks the UK's withdrawal from the EU.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Bruges Group — Neo-conservative group of primarily British eurosceptics.
    • Remote Link - HTML Eurosceptics across Europe — Links to national anti-EU sites.
    • Remote Link - HTML CAFE - Conservatives Against a Federal Europe — Brits who don't want to live in a European Superstate.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Democracy Movement — A non-party campaign to keep the pound and stop the "European Superstate".
    • Remote Link - HTML Congress for Democracy — An all-party forum campaigning for an independent pound and against British entry to the single currency.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Magna Carta Society — Promotes the rights and freedoms of British subjects, assured for all time by the Magna Carta, argues all EU Law illegal in Britain.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Eurosceptic — Fighting for UK independence from the European Union.
    • Remote Link - HTML Malta Campaign for National Independence — Resisting joining the European Union.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Free Britain Site — Warns of the dangers to Britain from EU membership and abolishing the Pound.
    • Remote Link - HTML TEAM - The European Alliance of EU-critical Movements — EU-critical network of about 40 organisations in 14 countries in and outside the European Union.
  • France
    • Remote Link - HTML Corsica Nazione — Corsican national party.
    • Remote Link - HTML Partit Occitan — The Occitan Party: its program, Charter, and claims.
    • Remote Link - HTML Union D�mocratique Bretonne - Breton Democratic Union — Advocates home rule for Brittany.
    • Remote Link - HTML Iparretarrak (IK) — Armed group acting in the northern Basque Country.
    • Remote Link - HTML Nationalforum Elsa�-Lothringen - Forum Nationaliste d'Alsace-Lorraine — National Forum of Alsace-Lorraine, the bilingual borderland between France and Germany.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Savoy League - La Ligue Savoisienne — Savoy, one of the oldest nations in Europe, was annexed by France in 1860. The Savoy League, created in 1994, seeks to reclaim its independence.
  • Georgia — The country, not the state.
    • Remote Link - HTML Abkhazia.org — Coalition for a Democratic Abkhazia.
    • Remote Link - HTML Abkhazeti.com— Georgian side of the Abkhazian conflict.
    • Remote Link - HTML Republic of Abkhazia (Apsny) — Devoted to preserving Abkhazia's de facto sovereignty and promoting its international recognition.
    • Remote Link - HTML Voice of Abkhazia — The official radio station of the de facto government.
  • Germany.
    • Remote Link - HTML Groep fan Auwerk — Seek a separate Frisia (Friesland), consisting of the northwest coastal region of Germany and northern parts of The Netherlands. The medieval Frisian language was similar to Old English.
  • India
    • Remote Link - HTML Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF)
    • Remote Link - HTML Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) — Alternate site.
    • Remote Link - HTML Dalitstan Organization — Seek independence for the Dalits, or black Untouchables, also known as Dravidians, the original inhabitants of the Indian subcontinent before the arrival and dominance of the caucasian Hindis.
    • Remote Link - HTML Hezb-e-Mughalstan — The "Party of Mughalstan", which seeks independence for Muslims, especially those in a band of territory from Kashmir to Bombay.
    • Remote Link - HTML Mughalstan Nation — Seek a sovereign and independent homeland for the Urdu-speaking Muslims of South Asia.
    • Remote Link - HTML Free Tamil Nadu — Seeks independence for the Tamil people of south India, and perhaps union with the Tamils of Sri Lanka.
    • Remote Link - HTML United Liberation Front of Assam — Party seeking independence for this state.
    • Remote Link - HTML National Socialist Council of Nagalim — Party promoting the independence of Nagaland and many of the surrounding regions in the northeast.
    • Remote Link - HTML Revolutionary People's Front of Manipur (RPF) — Party promoting the independence of Manipur.
    • Remote Link - HTML People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK)
    • Remote Link - HTML Declaration of Independence of the Sikh Homeland — Historical background and grievances of the Sikh population.
  • Indonesia
    • Remote Link - HTML Aceh Portal — Acehnese Independence Movement for Northern Sumatra.
    • Remote Link - HTML Free Papua Movement – Organisasi Papua Merdeka (OPM) — Also known as Irian Jaya.
    • Remote Link - HTML West Papua Niugini (Irian Jaya) — Promote the fight for self-determination and independence for all West Papuan peoples.
    • Remote Link - HTML East Timor Human Rights — This page has links to several sites supporting independence for East Timor, which was invaded by Indonesia, and has since gained independence.
  • Ireland (Eire)
    • Remote Link - HTML Sinn Féin — This is the political arm of the Irish Republican Army, independence movement that won independence for most of Ireland, except for the counties now called Northern Ireland, which is still a part of the United Kingdom. They won independence mainly not through a program of direct military confrontation or bombing, but of assassination of British officials and their informants, a program that was depicted in the movie and book Michael Collins. They continue to agitate for unification of Northern Ireland with the rest of Ireland. The problem is that the majority of the people who live in Northern Ireland do not want to be united with the rest of Ireland. They do have a legitimate claim for ending discrimination against Catholic citizens of Northern Ireland, but not for unification, although the general unification of Ireland and Britain within the European Union is likely to make the issue moot. Nevertheless, their example is worth studying.
  • Israel
    • Remote Link - HTML Palestinian National Authority, formerly called the Palestine Liberation Organization, since the agreement with Israel yielding administration to it of parts of the Occupied Territory resulting from the 1967 war. They are seeking an independent Palestinian state comprising all or most of that Occupied Territory, and some of them would also like it to include the rest of Israel as well. On the other side, many Israelis would like to keep the land as part of Israel. The trouble is that Palestinians already live there, and they can't figure out a way to get them to leave, and they don't want to extend full citizenship to them, because then Jews would be outnumbered in Israel. They are moving to some kind of agrement in which most of the land will become a Palestinian state, but whether they can agree on how much of that land will be included remains an open issue, and a potential source of continuing conflict and perhaps war in the Middle East.
    • Remote Link - HTML Palestinian Liberation Organization — National liberation movement led by Yasser Arafat.
    • Remote Link - HTML Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine — Party advocating the destruction of Israel.
    • Remote Link - HTML Azzam Publications — This is an outlet for Islamic Jihad, which promotes its view of Islam, Palestinian independence, and opposes Israel and Western influences in the Islamic World.
  • Italy
    • Remote Link - HTML Lega Nord — Party advocating the independence of northern Italy, or Padania.
    • Remote Link - HTML The Two Sicilies: The Old Independent State of Southern Italy — Southern Italy's answer to the Lega Nord.
    • Remote Link - HTML Sardinians in Italy — Overview and chronology of the situation in Sardinia.
    • Remote Link - HTML Sardigna Natzione (Sardinian Nation) — Sardinian nationalist movement.
    • Remote Link - HTML Secession fever in Italy — Numerous separate areas are increasing their demands for autonomy from the central government in Rome.
  • Kosovo
    • Remote Link - HTML Kosova Crisis Center — Supports Kosovar independence and Kosovo Liberation Army.
    • Remote Link - HTML Kosova Home Page— News and commentary on situation in Kosova.
    • Remote Link - HTML Council for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms — Kosovar human rights group.
    • Remote Link - HTML Kosovo.org— Supports independence for Kosovo, which they spell Kosova.
    • Remote Link - HTML Constitutions of the Balkan states — Has information about situation surrounging Kosova.
  • Kurdistan (Parts of Turkey, Iraq, and Iran)
    • Remote Link - HTML Kurdistan Democratic Party - KDP - Iraq — One of the two main independence parties.
    • Remote Link - HTML Patriotic Union of Kurdistan - PUK — Second of the two main independence parties.
    • Remote Link - HTML Kurdistan Regional Government - KRG — De facto government in Northern Iraq.
    • Remote Link - HTML Kurdistan Kurdish Conflict — Commentary from globalsecurity.org.
    • Remote Link - HTML Kurdish Information Centre — National liberation movement.
    • Remote Link - HTML American Kurdish Information Network— This is an arm of the Kurdish National Movement, which seeks a homeland, probably composed of parts of Turkey and Iraq, and perhaps of Iran.
  • Madagascar
    • Remote Link - HTML Merina Nation — Seeks cultural preservation, autonomy, and perhaps independence for the original malayo-indonesian people of Madagascar.
  • Mauritania and Sudan
    • Remote Link - HTML Coalition Against Slavery In Mauritania and Sudan (CASMAS) — Opposes abuses of black Africans by dominant Arabs in these countries, which is the issue in the genocidal civil war in Sudan, in which the people in the South seek independence from the North.
  • Mexico
    • Remote Link - HTML Ej�rcito Zapatista de Liberaci�n Nacional (EZLN) (Zapatista National Liberation Army) — The Zapatistas seek justice for the aboriginal people of the State of Chiapas and parts of neighboring states, either through reform throughout Mexico or some degree of autonomy for the region. However, they are also becoming the voice for the oppressed throughout Mexico. The site is in Spanish, English, and French.
  • New Zealand
    • Remote Link - HTML Maori Independence — Struggle for "Tino Rangatiratanga" (absolute sovereignty) by the indigenous people of New Zealand.
  • Philippines
    • Remote Link - HTML Moro Islamic Liberation Front — Islamic separatist movement in the Philippines.
  • Spain
    • Remote Link - HTML Euskal Herria (Basque Country) Journal — This is the PR arm of the Congress for Peace in Euskal Herria (CPEH) and the Basque National Liberation Movement (MLNV), which seeks independence for a region of Spain centered on Guernica and San Sebastian, and spilling over into France. They speak one of the few remaining European languages that is not part of the Indo-European group, related only to a language spoken in a small region in central Asia.
    • Remote Link - HTML Peace in the Basque Country — Official site of the Basque autonomous government.
    • Remote Link - HTML Links to the Basque conflict — Directory by a communist group.
    • Remote Link - HTML Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya — Seek autonomy for Catalonia.
  • United States of America
    • Remote Link - HTML Alaskan Independence Party — Seeks referendum with choice of statehood, independence, commonwealth, or self-governing territory.
    • Remote Link - HTML Alaskans for Independence
    • Remote Link - HTML Free the Bear - California Secession and Independence
    • Remote Link - HTML California Secessionist Party
    • Remote Link - HTML The Republic of Cascadia — Advocates independence for the Pacific Northwest from both America and Canada, with a libertarian and pro-business perspective.
    • Remote Link - HTML Cascadian National Party — Advocate secession of the present states of Washington and Oregon from the United States.
    • Remote Link - HTML Cascadia Confederacy — Advocates independence of the Pacific Northwest region from the U.S. and Canada, with an anti-nationalist and anti-capitalist perspective.
    • Remote Link - HTML State of Jefferson — The rich history surrounding the events leading to the State of Jefferson secession movement of 1941. The State of Jefferson lives on in the hearts and minds of many residents of northern California and southern Oregon today.
    • Remote Link - HTML Hawai`i — Independent & Sovereign — Separatist movement of Hawaiian aboriginal people.
    • Remote Link - HTML La Voz de Aztlan — Separatist movement that seeks a reconquista (reconquest) by chicanos (ethnic hispanics of Aztec descent) of the Southwestern United States and creation of a new nation of Aztlan (legendary ancient homeland).
    • Remote Link - HTML New England Confederation Movement — Seek independence for New England states. Also see New Hampshire Chapter.
    • Remote Link - HTML Second Vermont Republic — Seek independence for Vermont.
    • Remote Link - HTML South Carolina League of the South — Seek independence through secession, perhaps for all of the Southern states of the 1861-65 Confederate States of America.
    • Remote Link - HTML Republic of Texas — This is one of several pages for the somewhat fractured Texas Independence Movement which has recently received a great deal of attention. We do not support the movement. Constitutional compliance throughout the United States is attainable. Independence is not necessary, and distracts from the cause of constitutional compliance. But they do raise a number of interesting issues.
    • Remote Link - HTML Provisional Government of the Republic of Texas — Another Republic of Texas site.
    • Remote Link - HTML United People's Party (Partido Nacional La Raza Unida) — Many of them seek to separate the part of the U.S. taken from Mexico from the U.S. and make it an independent Hispanic nation called Aztlan.

Other directories:

Home » Unity and Federalism | Organizations
Original URL: http://www.constitution.org/cs_separ.htm
Maintained:
Jon Roland of the Constitution Society
Original date: 1998/2/10. —