12. The King's Speech at the Prorogation of Parliament at the end of
the Session of 1628.
[June 26, 1628. Lords' Journals, iii. 879. See Hist. of
Engl. vi. 324.]
It may seem strange, that I come so suddenly to end this Session;
wherefore before I give my assent to the Bills, I will tell you the cause,
though I must avow, that I owe an account of my actions to none but to God
alone. It is known to every one, that a while ago the House of Commons gave me
a Remonstrance, how acceptable every man may judge; and for the
merit of it, I will not call that in question, for I am sure no wise man can
Now since I am certainly informed, that a second
Remonstrance is preparing for me to take away my profit of
Tonnage and Poundage, one of the chief maintenances of my Crown, by alleging I
have given away my right thereof by my answer to your Petition; this is so
prejudicial unto me, that I am forced to end this Session some few hours before
I meant it, being willing not to receive any more Remonstrances, to which I
must give a harsh answer.
And since I see that even the House of Commons begins already to make
false constructions of what I granted in your Petition, lest it might be worse
interpreted in the country, I will now make a declaration concerning the true
The profession of both Houses, in time of hammering this Petition, was
no ways to intrench upon my Prerogative, saying, they had neither intention nor
power to hurt it. Therefore it must needs be conceived that I have granted no
new, but only confirmed the ancient liberties of my subjects: yet to show the
clearness of my intentions, that I neither repent, cor mean to recede from
anything I have promised you, I do here declare, that those things which have
been done, whereby men had some cause to suspect the liberties of the subjects
to be trenched upon, — which indeed was the first and true ground of the
Petition, — shall not hereafter be drawn into example for your prejudice;
and in time to come, on the word of a king, you shall not have the like cause
But as for Tonnage and Poundage, it is a thing I cannot want, and was
never intended by you to ask, nor meant —
I am sure — by me to grant.
To conclude, I command you all that are here to take notice of what I
have spoken at this time, to be the true intent and meaning of what I granted
you in your Petition; but especially, you my Lords the Judges, for to you only
under me belongs the interpretation of laws; for none of the House of Commons,
joint or separate, (what new doctrine soever may be raised) have any power
either to make or declare a law without my consent.
 A general remonstrance on the misgovernment of the
kingdom, in which Buckingham was named as the author of abuses, had been
presented to the King on June 17.
 See No. 11.
 The last clause of this paragraph is corrected from
Parl. Hist. ii. 434
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