24. Petition of Twelve Peers for the summoning of a new
[August 28, 1640. State Papers, Charles I, Domestic, cccclxv. 16. See
Hist. of Engl. ix. 199.]
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
The humble Petition of your Majesty's most loyal and obedient
subjects, whose names are here underwritten in behalf of themselves and divers
Most Gracious Sovereign,
The sense of that duty and service which we owe to your Sacred Majesty,
and our earnest affection to the good and welfare of this your realm of
England, have moved us in all humility to beseech your Royal Majesty to give us
leave to offer unto your princely wisdom the apprehension which we and other
your faithful subjects have conceived of the great distempers and dangers now
threatening the Church and State and your Royal person, and the fittest means
by which they may be removed and prevented.
The evils and dangers whereof your Majesty may be pleased to take notice
That your Majesty's sacred person is exposed to hazard and danger in the
present expedition against the Scottish army, and by occasion of this war your
revenue is much wasted, your subjects burdened with coat-and-conduct-money,
billeting of soldiers, and other military charges, and divers rapines and
disorders committed in several parts in this your realm, by the soldiers raised
for that service, and your whole kingdom become full of fear and
The sundry innovations in matters of religion, the oath and canons
lately imposed upon the clergy and other your Majesty's subjects.
The great increase of Popery, and employing of Popish Recusants, and
others ill-affected to the religion by law established in places of power and
trust, especially in commanding of men and arms both in the field and in sundry
counties of this your realm, whereas by the laws they are not permitted to have
arms in their own houses.
The great mischiefs which may fall upon this kingdom if the intentions
which have been credibly reported, of bringing in Irish and foreign forces,
shall take effect.
The urging of ship-money, and prosecution of some sheriffs in the Star
Chamber for not levying of it.
The heavy charges of merchandise to the discouragement of trade, the
multitude of monopolies, and other patents, whereby the commodities and
manufactures of the kingdom are much burthened, to the great and universal
grievance of your people.
The great grief of your subjects by the long intermission of
Parliaments, in the late and former dissolving of such as have been called,
without the hoped effects which otherwise they might have procured.
For remedy whereof, and prevention of the dangers that may ensue to your
royal person and to the whole state, they do in all humility and faithfulness
beseech your most Excellent Majesty that you would be pleased to summon a
Parliament within some short and convenient time, whereby the causes of these
and other great grievances which your people lie under may be taken away, and
the authors and counsellors of them may be there brought to such legal trial
and condign punishment as the nature of the several offences shall require, and
that the present war may be composed by your Majesty's wisdom without
bloodshed, in such manner as may conduce to the honour and safety of your
Majesty's person, the comforts of your people, and the uniting of both of your
realms against the common enemies of the reformed religion. And your Majesty's
petitioners shall ever pray, &c.
Fra. Bedford. Mulgrave.
W. Hertford. W. Say and Sele.
Rob. Essex. Rob. Brooke.
Exeter. E. Mandeville.
Warwick. Ed. Howard (of Escrick).
 Baron Kimbolton in his own right.
 The signatures as here given are no doubt the correct
ones, as the copy on which they appear has a note on it in Nicholas's hand.
Other copies with a different set of signatures were in circulation, one of
which, containing several errors, appears in Rushworth. As the signatures are
scattered about the paper, I have placed them in order of precedence.
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