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De Moneta, Nicholas Oresme, 1484. Translated from Latin by Charles Johnson — Classic treatise on money and coinage.
True Picture of an Ill Practiser of the Law, Anonymous (1703) —
Corrupt lawyers were also a problem in England in the 18th century.
Cato (A Tragedy in Five Acts), Joseph
Addison (prem. 1713) — Play about Cato the Younger, which inspired the
Founders, especially George Washington.
Selections from Cato's Letters, John
Trenchard and Thomas Gordon (1720-23) — English newspaper articles
advocating Whig principles, which much influenced the American colonists.
Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness of the
Romans and their Decline, Charles Montesquieu (~1734) — Historical
analysis that laid the basis for his Spirit of
Laws and Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Rules of Decent Behavior, George Washington (~1745) — Short book on how to behvave in polite company.
A Caveat Against
Injustice, or, An Inquiry into the Evils of a Fluctuating Medium of
Exchange, Roger Sherman (1752) — By the author of the Tender Clause of
the U.S. Constitution.
Selected Political Writings of Voltaire, (~1764)
— Includes The Philosophy of History and A Treatise on
Selected Articles from the Encyclopedia Britannica, First Edition (1768-1771) — Includes Commerce and parts of Law.
An Essay on
the Principle of Population, Thomas Robert Malthus (1798) —
Population growth limited by virtue and vice.
WOn Democracy in
America, Alexis de Toqueville (1835, 1840) — Discusses the society
that makes republican government work and how it is shaped by that form of
Man the Reformer, Ralph
Waldo Emerson (1841).
The Moral Equivalent of War,
William James (1910) — Seeks solution to problem of how to sustain
political unity and civic virtue without war or a credible threat.