My dear Sir,
THE sovereign is the city of
Schaffhause. The citizens, about sixteen hundred, are divided into twelve
tribes, one of which consists of nobles, and eleven are ordinary citizens.
The sovereignty resides in the little and grand councils.
The senate, or little council of twenty-five, has the executive power.
The great council, comprizing the senate, has the legislative, and finally
The burgomasters are the chiefs of the republick, and alternately preside in
Besides these there are, the secret council, of seven of the highest
officers; the chamber of justice, of twenty-five, including the president; the
prętorian chamber, of thirteen, including the president; the consistory,
of nine; and the chamber of accounts, of nine. The city has ten bailiwicks
subject to it.
THE CITY OF MULHOUSE.
THE sovereign is the city: the
sovereignty resides in the little and the grand council. The lesser council is
composed of twenty-four persons; viz. three burgomasters, who preside by turns,
each one six months, nine counsellors, and twelve tribunes, who succeed by
election, and are taken from the grand council.
The grand council is composed of seventy-eight, viz. the twenty-four of the
lesser council, thirty-six members of the tribes, six from each, and eighteen
taken from the body of the citizens, and elected three by each one of the six
THE CITY OF BIENNE.
THE republick of Bienne
contains less than six thousand souls.
The regency is composed of the great council, in which the legislative
authority resides, consisting of forty members; and of the little council,
composed of twenty-four, who have the executive.
Each of these councils elect their own members, from the six confraternities
of the city.
The burgomaster is chosen by the two councils, presides at their meetings,
and is the chief of the regency; he continues in office for life, although he
goes through the form of an annual confirmation by the two councils, when the
other magistrates submit to the same ceremony. The burgomaster keeps the teal,
and, with the banneret, the treasurers, and the secretary, forms the
oeconomical chamber, and the chamber of orphans.
This town sends deputies to the general diets. ordinary and extraordinary.
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