On July 1, 1996, 12 members of a group styled the "Vipers" were
arrested in Phoenix, charged with several federal crimes. They were labeled a "militia"
by federal PR flacks, so we are reporting on the case here. At this time all the
facts in the case are not clear, but it is being investigated by responsible
militia activists. Here are some of their reports, comments and other relevant
Concurring opinion of Supreme Court
Justice Clarence Thomas in the case of U.S. v. Lopez, which struck down
federal gun control statute. Attacks "substantial effect"
interpretation of Interstate Commerce Clause, on which the statutes used in
Viper case are based.
Federal Jurisdiction -- Legal brief by attorney Larry Becraft. Cites
which show federal government has no jurisdiction in Viper case.
Jefferson: Federal Criminal Powers
Limited -- Definitive word from a Founder on federal criminal jurisdiction.