Resolved, that this Congress will apply to His Majesty for a redress
of grievances under which his faithful subjects in America labor; and assure
him that the colonies hold in abhorrence the idea of being considered independent
communities on the British government, and most ardently desire the establishment
of a political union, not only among themselves but with the mother state,
upon chose principles of safety and freedom which are essential in the
constitution of all free governments, and particularly that of the British
legislature. And as the colonies from their local circumstances cannot
be represented in the Parliament of Great Britain, they will humbly propose
to His Majesty and his two houses of Parliament the following plan, under
which the strength of the whole empire may be drawn together on any emergency,
the interest of both countries advanced, and the rights and liberties of
America secured A Plan for a Proposed Union between Great Britain and the
Colonies of New Hampshire, the Massachusetts Bay, Rhode Island, Connecticut,
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, the Three Lower Counties
on the Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
That a British and American legislature, for regulating the administration
of the general affairs of America, be proposed and established in America,
including all the said colonies; within and under which government each
colony shall retain its present constitution and powers of regulating and
governing its own internal police, in all cases whatever.
That the said government be administered by a president general, to
be appointed by the King, and a Grand Council, to be chosen by the representatives
of the people of the several colonies, in their respective assemblies,
once in every three years.
That the several assemblies shall choose members for the Grand Council
in the following proportions, viz.:
New Hampshire ˇˇ, Massachusetts Bayˇˇ, Rhode islandˇˇ, Connecticut
ˇˇ, New York ˇˇ, New Jersey ˇˇ, Pennsylvania ˇˇ, Delaware Counties ˇˇ,
Maryland ˇˇ, Virginia ˇˇ, North Carolinaˇˇ, South Carolinaˇˇ, Georgiaˇˇ,
who shall meet at the city of ˇˇˇ for the first time, being called by the
president general as soon as conveniently may be after his appointment.
That there shall be a new election of members for the Grand Council
every three years; and on the death, removal, or resignation of any member,
his place shall be supplied by a new choice at the next sitting of assembly
of the colony he represented.
That the Grand Council shall meet once in every year if they shall think
it necessary, and oftener if occasions shall require, at such time and
place as they shall adjourn to at the last preceding meeting, or as they
shall be called to meet at by the president general on any emergency.
That the Grand Council shall have power to choose their speaker, and
shall hold and exercise all the like rights, liberties, and privileges
as are held and exercised by and in the House of Commons of Great Britain.
That the president general shall hold his office during the pleasure
of the King and his assent shall be requisite to all acts of the Grand
Council, and it shall be his office and duty to cause them to be carried
That the president general, by and with the advice and consent of the
Grand Council, hold and exercise all the legislative rights, powers, and
authorities necessary for regulating and administering all the general
police and affairs of the colonies in which Great Britain and the colonies,
or any of them, the colonies in general, or more than one colony, are in
any manner concerned, as well civil and criminal as commercial.
That the said president general and the Grand Council be an inferior
and distinct branch of the British legislature, united and incorporated
with it for the aforesaid general purposes; and that any of the said general
regulations may originate and be formed and digested, either in the Parliament
of Great Britain or in the said Grand Council, and being prepared, transmitted
to the other for their approbation or dissent; and that the assent of both
shall be requisite to the validity of all such general acts and statutes.
That in time of war, all bills for granting aid to the Crown, prepared
by the Grand Council and approved by the president general, shall be valid
and passed into a law, without the assent of the British Parliament.