Ratification of the Constitution by the State of South
May 23, 1788.
In Convention of the people of the state of South Carolina by their
Representatives held in the city of Charleston on Monday the twelfth day of May
and continued by divers Adjournments to friday the twenty third day of May Anno
Domini One thousand seven hundred and eighty eight, and in the twelfth Year of
the Independence of the United States of America.
The Convention having maturely considered the constitution or form of
Government reported to Congress by the Convention of Delegates from the United
states of America and submitted to them by a Resolution of the Legislature of
this State passed the seventeenth and eighteenth days of February last in order
to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, ensure Domestic tranquillity,
provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare and secure the
blessings of Liberty to the people of the said United States and their
posterity DO in the name and behalf of the people of
this State hereby assent to and ratify the said Constitution.
Done in Convention the twenty third day of May in the Year of our Lord One
thousand seven hundred and eighty eight, and of the Independence of the United
States of America the twelfth. —
JOHN SANDFORD DART
And Whereas it is essential to the preservation of the rights reserved to
the several states, and the freedom of the people under the operations of a
General government that the right of prescribing the manner time and places of
holding the Elections to the Federal Legislature, should be for ever
inseparably annexed to the sovereignty of the several states. This convention
doth declare that the same ought to remain to all posterity a perpetual and
fundamental right in the local, exclusive of the interference of the General
Government except in cases where the Legislatures of the States, shall refuse
or neglect to perform and fulfil the same according to the tenor of the said
This Convention doth also declare that no Section or paragraph of the said
Constitution warrants a Construction that the states do not retain every power
not expressly relinquished by them and vested in the General Government of the
Resolved that the general Government of the United States ought never to
impose direct taxes, but where the monies arising from the duties, imposts and
excise are insufficient for the public exigencies nor then until Congress shall
have made a requisition upon the states to Assess levy and pay their respective
proportions of such requisitions And in case any state shall neglect or refuse
to pay its proportion pursuant to such requisition then Congress may assess and
levy such state's proportion together with Interest thereon at the rate of six
per centum per annum from the time of payment prescribed by such requisition
Resolved that the third section of the Sixth Article ought to be amended by
inserting the word "other" between the words "no"
Resolved that it be a standing instruction to all such delegates as may
hereafter be elected to represent this State in the general Government to exert
their utmost abilities and influence to effect an Alteration of the
Constitution conformably to the foregoing Resolutions.
Done in Convention the twenty third day of May in the year of our Lord One
thousand Seven hundred and eighty eight and of the Independence of the United
States of America the twelfth.
JOHN SANFORD DART
Reprinted from Documentary History of the
Constitution, Vol. II (1894), pp. 138-140.
Debates in South Carolina
Convention on Ratification of the Constitution
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