Formal Response to Oral Testimony
Comments Concerning Macmillan/McGraw-Hill Grade 4,
Texas Our Texas
1. From Naomi Grundy
What these texts will probably take another 10-20 years
to mention is the Underground Railroad Resistance Movement from Texas to
Mexico, which liberated over 5,000 enslaved African-Americans with the help of
Mexicans and Germans. The importance of Kiamata to the survival of Jane Long
during the winter of 1821. Of course, Bowie brothers, William Travis, Thomas
McKinney all participated in the Texas slave trade and have streets, cities,
counties and state parks named in their honor. However, there is yet no
monument to Juneteenth. And as I said before, this again reflects the
social-political thinking of our generation.
The historical specificity mentioned in the examples
listed here are more appropriate for grade. None of these examples were
included in the TEKS for grade 4.
2. From Naomi Grundy
None of the texts covered to my satisfaction the
importance of slave labor to the economy
of Texas, while they all stressed that "Cotton was
In the Grade 4, Texas, Our Texas, Pupil
Edition, the text on page 202 will now read:
Study the graphs to see how the economy of Texas
depended on enslaved African
Comments Concerning Macmillan/McGraw-Hill's Grade 5,
1 .From Mr.Don Zimmerman
"And all of the references I found to the Mayflower
Conflict started with, "In the name of God, amen." So I was naturally curious
as to say, for people like me who are very passionate about our faith and who
believe that America was founded by a lot of people who believed in God and
some who didn't, I thought it was very important and very poignant that this
was left off."
The Grade 5, Our Nation, Pupil Edition, does
not include the text of the Mayflower Compact. However, the Grade 5, Our
Nation, Read Aloud Anthology, page 22, does include the entire source, starting
with "In the Name of God, Amen."
2. From Dr Ricky Floyd Dobbs
"A notable example of the worse kind of heroification is
Charles Lindberg, the aviator
who flew across the Atlantic alone in 1927. Also the
Nazi sympathizer who received
decorations from the German government, praised Hitler,
cavorted with British Fascists
and warned that a Jewish conspiracy sought to embroil
the United States in World War
In the Grade 5,Our Nation, Pupil Edition, on page
548, column 2, the first sentence of the last paragraph will now read: A
popular and well-known American of the 1920s was Charles Lindberg, an airplane
pilot who flew across the Atlantic alone in 1927.
3. From Ms. Margie Raborn
"Last time I tried to address the need for the inclusion
in accurate definitions for 'republic' and 'democracy' in each social studies
book. And that I believe it's important to have a clear explanation that
America is a republic."
In the Grade 5, Our Nation, Pupil Edition, on
page 325, column 1, the second paragraph explains the difference between a
democracy and a republic as follows: The authors wanted to show that the people
held the power in the country—that it was a democracy. It is
also a democratic republic. A republic is a system of government in
which the people choose representatives to make the laws and run the
4. From Ms. Margie Raborn
"But I believe it is wrong the repeated and blatant way
the company logos are used throughout these books. Since some try to question
the SBOE's authority to address the content of book, I'm sure there would be a
big outcry if you started to address advertising policy. However, I would
appreciate it if the board would request that the publishers refrain from such
Macmillan/McGraw-Hill textbooks contain no
advertising, nor have we sought any for our books. Like all of the major
textbook publishers, Macmillan/McGraw-Hill includes brand identification in its
textbooks when they have material developed by other content providers. For
example, Macmillan/McGraw-Hill proudly identifies material in our books
developed by National Geographic. National Geographic is an author responsible
for providing maps and some photographs. As an author, we pay them rather than
their paying us. The important thing to note is that National Geographic owns
the copyright to the material they provide. In our next printing, the copyright
notice in each social studies textbook will state that, "The maps in this
textbook identified by the National Geographic trademark, were designed and
developed by the National Geographic Society's School Publishing Division.
Copyright © 2003 National Geographic Society. All right reserved. The name
"National Geographic " and the Yellow Border are registered trademarks of the
National Geographic Society." The maps are distinctive assets to the textbooks
and we believe they provide the highest quality of information to our Texas
teachers and students.
5. From Ms.Claudia Gomez
".. .it is important to mention..." More Chicanos served
in combat divisions than any other ethnic group. They volunteered for the more
hazardous branches and also took part in most of the campaigns of World War II.
This information is crucial because the Mexican American participation in the
war marks a transition from being underestimated as citizens to a positive
sense of self-confidence, which contributed to their future status as
In the GradeS, Our Nation, Pupil Edition, on
page 545, column 2, the last sentence will now read: One of them was David
Barkley, the first Hispanic American to be awarded the Medal of Honor. He
drowned while returning from behind enemy lines in France. He had mapped enemy
weapon sites near the Meuse River. "
In the Grade 5, Our Nation Pupil Edition, on page
565, column 2, paragraph 2, line 3 will now read: They include over 1 million
African Americans and between 250,000 and 500,000 Hispanic Americans who served
in the armed forces. Hispanic Americans took part in most of the campaigns of
the war, and 11 won Congressional medals of honor for bravery beyond the call
6. Ms. Eleanor Hutcheson
"In the McGraw-Hill Fifth Grade, you will note that Juan
Seguin did live past the Alamo
and had a busy life in Texas thereafter."
In the Grade 5, Our Nation, Pupil Edition, on page
394, the caption under the photo at the bottom of the will now read: David
Crockett (right) died at the Alamo during the attack led by Santa Anna (left).
Juan Seguiin (center), -who left the Alamo to seek help, took part in the
battle of San Jacinto.
5. From Eleanor Hutcheson
"Also in that text, there's a mention of Joseph McCarthy
negatively. He has since been cleared, due to the release of the Venona
decoding Soviet espionage papers documented a vast amounts of material that
proved that McCarthy was right. Please correct that error."
Research indicates that while some historians believe
the Venona Project and the 1930s-1940s Kremlin files prove that McCarthy was
accurate about communist infiltration, others think that the information gained
from the breaking of the Soviet codes is too incomplete to reach conclusions
about individuals referred to only by code names. The text about McCarthy is
correct. He could not prove his charges. We will add information in the
Teacher's Edition, page 568, bottom of the side column, explaining that recent
evidence proves that the Soviet Union did indeed have a vast spy ring in the
United States. However, the identities of most of the spies in the United
States, remain unknown.
7. From Ms. Eleanor Hutcheson
"Now, there is a picture on the front of this book.
You'll see there are 10 people here. And one of the 10 people is a picture of a
black man.. ..The man is reported to be Crispus Actus, the man that started the
Boston Massacre by hitting a soldier on a neck with a large cordial. According
to extant material in John Adams' legal papers concerning the trial, he was an
Indian from the Narrangansett tribe and possibly could be a mulatto, which
meant at that time a mixture of race, white and Indian in that - in the Boston
area. If he had been black, it would have been noted in 1770 in the records and
even in the engraving by Paul Revere. Isn't it strange that this imposter or
myth suddenly appears after 232 years?"
In the Grade 5, Our Nation, Pupil Edition, on page
264, column 2, the next to last paragraph describes the events that are
generally agreed upon. Several aspects of the "Boston Massacre " remain in
dispute since the witnesses at the trial held afterwards disagreed. What is
known is thatAttucks was a fugitive slave. William Brown, to whom Attucks was
enslaved, had advertised for his return, describing him as "a mulatto fellow. "
Current research says that his father was an African American slave and his
mother was all or partly a Nantucket Indian. At the time mixed African and
colonists were referred to as either black or
mulatto. However, our text does not define his ethnicity. It identifies him
only as 'a former slave.' Not all accounts agree about what was thrown beyond
snowball and sticks or whether Attucks actually hit the British soldier. Also,
the evidence you quote comes from The Legal Paper of John Adams. Adams,
who defended the soldiers at the trial, was citing pro-British eyewitness
accounts, not events he himself had observed.