ROME, with the end of the third Punic war, 146 B. C., had completely
conquered the last of the civilized world. The best authority for this period
of her history is Polybius. He was born in Arcadia, in 204 B. C., and died in
122 B. C. Polybius was an officer of the Achaean League, which sought by
federating the Peloponnesus to make it strong enough to keep its independence
against the Romans, but Rome was already too strong to be resisted, and
arresting a thousand of the most influential members, sent them to Italy to
await trial for conspiracy. Polybius had the good fortune, during seventeen
years exile, to be allowed to live with the Scipios. He was present at the
destructions of Carthage and Corinth, in 146 B. C., and did more than anyone
else to get the Greeks to accept the inevitable Roman rule. Polybius is the
most reliable, but not the most brilliant, of ancient historians.
From: Oliver J. Thatcher, ed., The Library of Original Sources
(Milwaukee: University Research Extension Co., 1907), Vol. III: The Roman
World, pp. 216-241.
Scanned by: J. S. Arkenberg, Dept. of History, Cal. State Fullerton. Prof.
Arkenberg has modernized the text.
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