14. CUSTOMARY OATHS
(A) Oath of a man to his Lord
By the Lord before whom this holy thing is holy, I will to
N. be faithful and true, loving all that he loves and shunning all
that he shuns, according to the law of God and the custom of the world; and
never by will or by force, in word or in deed, will I do anything that is
hateful to him; on condition that he will hold me as I deserve and will furnish
all that was agreed between us when I bowed myself before him and submitted to
(B) Oath of an accuser
By the Lord before whom this holy thing is holy, I thus bring my charge
with full folkright, without deceit and without malice, and without any guile
whatsoever, that stolen from me was this property, N., which I claim and which
I seized in the possession of N.
(C) Oath of one thus accused
By the Lord ... neither by counsel nor by deed had I knowledge of or
part in this, that the property, N., was carried off. On the contrary, I
possess the property for this reason, that I lawfully inherited it.... that
he, having the lawful right to sell it, sold it to me....
that it is the offspring of my own animals, my private property raised under my
(D) Oath of one seizing property
By the Lord ... I seize N. neither through hate nor hostility, nor
through unrighteous greed, and I know nothing truer than what my spokesman has
said for me, and what I now myself state as truth, that he was the thief
of my property.
(E) Oath in reply to such seizure
By the Lord ... I am guiltless, both in thought and in deed, of the
accusation made against me by N.
(F) Oath of an oath-helper
By the Lord ... the oath which N. has sworn is clean and without
(Anglo-Saxon) Ibid., I, 396 f.
 In these oaths N. represents either a person's name
or the description of a particular article of property, usually an animal.
 Designating the person accused.