70. RECORDS OF THE PRIVY COUNCIL
(A) Petition and Judgment (1401)
To the most wise council of our lord the king his poor chaplain,
Nicholas Hogonona of the land of Ireland, humbly prays [as follows]: —
Since, by reason of certain vows that he had made, he recently decided
to go on a pilgrimage to the court of Rome, he so came into England; and when
he had come to Oxford, he took as companion an Austin friar, to whom he gave
40d. and expenses to conduct him to London; and he also delivered to the
said friar 40d. to keep [for him]. And when they had come to London, the
said poor chaplain asked for the delivery of his said money, and would have
sued for his writ of passage; but in the meantime the said friar
went to certain people of London and made a false allegation, stating that he
was a "wild Irishman" and an enemy to our said lord the king —
and this with the intent of having his said money and his book called a
porthous, which is still retained [by the said friar],
together with part of his money. On account of which statement he was taken and
committed to prison, and is there detained in great duress, trouble, and
discomfort, although he is a loyal man and a supporter of our said lord the
king, as he can well prove if he may come to answer [for himself].
[Accordingly] may it please the said most wise council to grant and command
that the said poor chaplain may come before you to give answer to all that any
one shall wish to charge against him; and afterwards [may it please you] to
ordain concerning his liberation as in your wise discretion may seem demanded
by reason and good faith, for the sake of God and as a work of charity.
[Endorsed:] August 25 of the second year, etc. It was agreed by the
council — attended by my lords the chancellor, the bishops of Durham,
Hereford, and Bangor, the earl of Northumberland, the treasurer, and Master
John Prophet — that a writ should be issued to the sheriffs of London for
the release from prison of the petitioner in the record, if he is therein
detained for the cause here stated and for no other.
(French) Leadam and Baldwin, Select Cases before the
Council, pp. 85 f.
(B) Minutes of December 8, 1406
On December 8 of the eighth year, etc., in the afternoon, assembled in
council at Westminster my lord the honorable Prince [Henry] and my lords the
archbishop of Canterbury, the bishop of Durham, chancellor, the duke of York,
and the earl of Somerset; also the treasurer, and the steward, chamberlain, and
treasurer of the household — where they had certain ordinances drawn
And in the first place, with regard to the good government of our lord
the king's household, it seemed to the council most expedient that good and
loyal officers should be placed and ordained in the said household; and
especially that there should be a good comptroller, and for that [office] were
named Sir Thomas Bromflete and Sir Arnold Savage, one of whom, if it pleased
the king, should be comptroller. And since the said council lacked advice for
the nomination of other fit persons to be appointed to other offices in the
said household according as there might be need for them, the said steward and
treasurer were requested to advise them of such fit persons, whose names could
be presented to our said lord the king and his said council.
Item, [it was decided] that provision should be made of a certain sum
appropriate for the expenses of the said household against the approaching
feast of Christmas.
Item, it seemed necessary that, after the said feast, the king should be
pleased to withdraw to some convenient place where, by the advice and
deliberation of himself and his council and his officials, such moderate
government could be ordained for the said household as should henceforth
continue to the pleasure of God and of the people.
(French) Nicolas, Proceedings of the Privy Council,
I, 295 f.
(C) Minutes of August 18, 1409
Matters to be considered by the council: First, regarding the response
to be given to the messages from Prussia.
Item, regarding the conference to be held with the king of Castile and
the sending of commissioners and deputies on the part of our lord the king to
the said conference; also the estates of the great commissioners, etc. —
that is to say, a bishop, a baron, a knight, and a clerk, if it please the
Item, regarding the land of Ireland.
Item, regarding my lord John, son of the king, and the state of the east
march against Scotland.
Item, regarding the truces lately established between our lord the king
and the Scots.
Item, regarding the regions of Guienne.
Item, regarding the steward of Guienne.
Item, regarding the dispute between the said steward and the man of La
Item, regarding Master John Bordin in connection with his office as
lieutenant of the constable of Bordeaux and as chancellor of the regions of
Item, regarding the Sire de Barde, whose petition has been granted by
the advice of the council.
Item, regarding William Brewer, captain of Trawe Castle.
Item, regarding the finding of proper security by the Scot, Richard
Maughlyn, who desires to be English; to whom the king has granted for this
purpose 20m. a year, to be taken from the issues of the county of York,
in case he will agree to it.
Item, regarding charters of pardon for murder.
(French) Ibid., I, 319 f
(D) Memorandum of May 6, 1421
Sum of all the custom, subsidy, and revenue aforesaid, £55,743.
10d.; out of which [the following expenditures must be made] for
annual upkeep, to wit: —
For guarding the kingdom of England, annually 8000m.
Item, for Calais and the march of the same in wartime, £19,119.
Item, for guarding the east march and the west march of Scotland,
together with Roxburgh Castle in wartime, £19,500.
Item, for guarding the land of Ireland, 2500m.
Item, for guarding Fronsac Castle, 1000m.
Item, for the fees of the treasurer, the keeper of the privy seal, the
justices of both benches, the barons of the exchequer, and other officials of
the king's court, £3002. 17s. 6d.
Item, to the collectors and comptrollers of the king's customs and
subsidies in the various ports of England, for their annual rewards enjoyed by
virtue of their offices and received at the exchequer, £547.
Item, to divers dukes, earls, knights, and squires, to the abbess of
Shene, and to divers other persons for their annuities enjoyed yearly and
received at the exchequer, £772. 12s. 7½d.
Item, to divers persons for their annuities yearly enjoyed from divers
customs in the various ports of England, £4374. 4s.
Item, for the fees of the collectors and comptrollers of customs in the
various ports of England yearly allocated to them at the exchequer on account
of their offices, £274. 3s. 4d. Sum of the total annual
obligation, £52,235. 16s. 10½d. And so the sum of
the aforesaid income exceeds the aforesaid obligation [by]£3700.
13s. 11½d. From which amount provision must be made [for
the following needs] to wit: —
For the chamber of the king and the queen.
Item, for the household of the king and the queen.
Item, for the wardrobe of the king and the queen.
Item, for the king's works.
Item, for the construction of a new tower at Portsmouth.
Item, for the office of clerk of the king's ships.
Item, for keeping the king's lions and the fee of the constable of the
Tower of London.
Item, for artillery and divers other matters ordained for the king's
Item, for the custody and support of the king's prisoners. Item, for the
king's embassies. Item, for divers messengers, parchments, and other expenses
Item, for the expenses of the duchess of Holland. And no provision has
as yet been made [for the following matters], to wit: —
For the old debts of the city of Harfleur. Item, for the old debts of
the city of Calais. Item, for the old debts of the king's wardrobe. Item, for
the old debts of the king's household. Item, for the old debts pertaining to
the office of clerk of the king's ships. Item, for the old debts pertaining to
the office of clerk of the king's works.
Item, for arrears of annual fees. Item, for executing the will of King
Henry IV with regard to the debts of the same king. Item, for the debts of the
king while he was prince.
(French) Ibid., II, 312 f.
(E) Minutes, March to June, 1422
On March 9 in the ninth year, it was advised and agreed by the council
that the keeper of the king's great wardrobe should provide for the
clothing of all those crossing with the lady queen to the king in the parts of
Memorandum that, on March 1 in the ninth year of our sovereign lord
Henry V after the Conquest, Ralph, son of Nicholas of Langford, knight, set
forth to the lords of the council of our said lord the king how Margaret of
Langford ... , mother of the said Ralph, had, as well by indenture as
otherwise, given and delivered to the prior of Gisburn divers things, goods,
and jewels to keep for the use and profit of the said Ralph; which prior was
unwilling to deliver the said things, goods, and jewels to the said Ralph,
according to his allegation; wherefore he prayed the said lords for
On March 30 in the tenth year, it was agreed by the council
that the persons designated below should have, in the name of reward for their
crossing to France with the lady queen, the following sums: namely, Lady
Margaret of Roos, 100m.; Elizabeth Fitz-Hugh, £20; Catherine
Chideok, 40m. And on the same day £10 were also granted to Friar
Walden, newly elected confessor, for his crossing to the king.
On May 6 in the tenth year, the lord of Willoughby, [appearing] in
person before the lords of the council at Westminster, promised that, by
indenture between the king and himself, he would retain for a year's service
thirty men-at-arms with the usual quota of archers, that is to say, three to
On the same day Robert Scot, esquire, undertook to be lieutenant keeper
of the Tower of London and of all the prisoners therein contained, for the
faithful performance of which [duty] he was personally sworn on holy things at
Westminster, and the aforesaid custody was straitly committed to him....
On May 16, in the presence of the lords at Westminster, certain dies
(ferra) for making the king's coinage in his town of Calais were
delivered to a certain William Latchford, servant of Richard Buckland, the
treasurer of Calais: namely, one die for the gold noble, another for the
half-noble, and another for the gold farthing, as well as a die for coining the
silver groat, another for the half-groat, another for the penny, another for
the halfpenny, and another for the silver farthing — [placed] in divers
sealed bags, which in the same place the same [William] promised to convey with
all possible haste to the said town of Calais.
On May 17 it was agreed by the lords that the seigneur de Gaucourt
should be transferred to Pontefract Castle ... in the custody of Robert of
Item, on the same day it was ordained that John Mortimer, knight, should
be committed to the king's castle of Pevensey in the custody of John Pelham,
On May 25, in the presence of the lord [duke] of Gloucester and the
other lords at Westminster, John, bishop of Hereford, took the oath of fealty
that he owed to the king....
On May 28 in the tenth year, in the case [pending] before the lords
between John Middlemore, plaintiff, and Richard Clodeshalle, defendant,
concerning the manor of Edgebaston with its appurtenances in the county of
Warwick ... , the aforesaid parties were dismissed by the lords to prosecute
[their case] at common law if they saw fit.
On the same day the case between the mayor and community of the city of
York, plaintiffs, and the lord archbishop of York, defendant, was continued
in statu quo until the quinzime of Michaelmas next....
On June 29, in the aforesaid year, it seemed to all the lords, being
individually examined and making individual responses with regard to the fine
that should be paid to the king by Lady Clarence for the demesne of Holderness,
once belonging to the lord duke of Clarence, her husband, that one year's
income from the said demesne would be sufficient as fine therefrom to be paid
by the said Lady Clarence.
On June 30 William Wynart presented before the lords an indenture with
an attached schedule, containing the names of the king's prisoners taken in the
market of Meaux in France and sent by the king ... to England for safekeeping
there — who, according to what is stated in the said indenture ... , are
to the number of 151....
(Latin and French) Ibid., II, 328-35.
(F) Minutes of November 12. 1437
November 12 in the sixteenth year, etc., in the presence of the king at
the hospital of St. John near Clerkenwell, [the following persons] being in
attendance: the lord duke of Gloucester, the lord cardinal [Beaufort], the
archbishop of York; the bishops of London, Lincoln, Salisbury, Norwich, and
Worcester; the earls of Huntingdon, Stafford, Northumberland, Salisbury, and
Suffolk; the lords of Hungerford, Tiptoft, and Fanhope; the chancellor, the
treasurer, the keeper of the privy seal, and William Philip, knight.
[It is agreed that] they who were of the council before are to be of the
council now; [and that the following men are] also to be of the council: the
bishop of St. David's, the earl of Salisbury, the keeper of the wardrobe, Sir
John Stourton. And the king wills that the present councillors of the king are
to have such power as King Henry IV gave to his councillors, according to a
schedule passed in parliament during the time of the same king, which
[schedule] was read there [in the council]....
The keeper of the privy seal and others have sworn and given their faith
to the king, to counsel him well and truly in such matters as shall come before
them by way of the king's council, to keep secret the king's counsel, and in
short to counsel and do all that good councillors should counsel and do for the
king their sovereign lord....
(French and English) Ibid., V, 71 f.
(G) Judgment in the Star Chamber (1482)
In the Star Chamber at Westminster, on May 2 in the twenty-second year
of the reign of our sovereign lord King Edward IV — being present my lords
the archbishop of York, chancellor of England; the bishops of Lincoln, [lord]
privy seal, and of Worcester, Norwich, Durham, and Llandaff; the earl Rivers;
the lords Dudley, Ferrers, and Beauchamp; Sirs Thomas Burgh, William Parr,
Thomas Vaughan, and Thomas Grey, knights — the judgment and decree earlier
rendered by the lords of our said sovereign lord's council for the cause of
Richard Whele, otherwise called Richard Pierson ... against John Fortescue,
esquire, ... was openly read in full and plenary council.... The said John
Fortescue alleges and says that the said Richard is a Scot born and is under
allegiance to the king of Scots, and as such [the said John] has taken him and
holds him prisoner. The said Richard [denies this], evidently proving the
contrary, that he is an Englishman born and no Scot.... And after
each of the said parties ... had at divers times been diligently heard in all
that they could or would allege and say in their behalf, it appeared to the
lords of the said council that the said Richard Whele, otherwise called
Pierson, is and was an Englishman born and no Scot.... And therefore it is
considered, adjudged, and decreed by the same lords that the same Richard is so
to be held, taken, and reputed among all the king's liege people and subjects;
he is to be regarded and treated in all places as the king's liegeman and not
otherwise; and he is to be wholly free to do whatever he thinks good for a
king's subject to do, without trouble, let, or impeachment. And the said John
Fortescue is to be commanded, and was so commanded, to perpetual silence in
respect to any further ... vexation of the said Richard in any way and at any
time to come for the cause alleged above....
(English) Leadam and Baldwin, Select Cases before the
Council, pp. 117 f.
 The license to cross the sea required of ordinary
 Such persons, as distinguished from law-abiding subjects of
the king, had been excluded from England by act of parliament.
 A portable breviary.
 Cf. no. 66D.
 Having to do with prises unjustly taken from Prussian
merchants — as appears from subsequent minutes.
 Submitted on this date to the king and his council. Only a
fragment remains of the itemized statement of receipts.
 See above, p. 171, n. 8.
 The prior was summoned to appear before the council and to
bring with him the articles in question. He did so through an attorney. The
articles were delivered to Ralph in return for his copy of the indenture.
 Henry V's regnal year ended on March 20, the day of his
 This agreement was reached after the defendant, a tenant
of the duke of Bedford, had promised not to allege the king's special
protection or to make any other "frivolous or exorbitant" claim by which the
case should be excluded from the ordinary courts.
 Cf. no. 66D. This act, at least in theory, marked the
resumption of personal government by the king; see Baldwin, The King's
Council, pp. 184 f.
 Cf. no. 53.
 Cf. no. 67B, last paragraph.
 The case had been argued at length in the Star Chamber on
the previous. November 21.