127. GEORGE IV: STATUTES
(A) Repeal of the Combination Acts (1825)
An act to repeal the laws relating to the combination of workmen and to
make other provisions in lieu thereof....
And be it further enacted that, from and after the passing of this act,
if any person shall, by violence to the person or property, or by threats or
intimidation, or by molesting or in any way obstructing another, force or
endeavour to force any journeyman, manufacturer, workman, or other person hired
or employed in any manufacture, trade, or business to depart from his hiring,
employment, or work or to return his work before the same shall be finished, or
prevent or endeavour to prevent any journeyman, manufacturer, workman, or other
person not being hired or employed from hiring himself to or from accepting
work or employment from any person or persons; or if any person shall use or
employ violence to the person or property of another, or threats or
intimidation, or shall molest or in any way obstruct another for the purpose of
forcing or inducing such person to belong to any club or association, or to
contribute to any common fund, or to pay any fine or penalty ...; or if any
person shall by violence to the person or property of another, or by threats or
intimidation, or by molesting or in any way obstructing another, force or
endeavour to force any manufacturer or person carrying on any trade or business
to make an alteration in his mode of regulating, managing, conducting, or
carrying on such manufacture, trade, or business, or to limit the number of his
apprentices, or the number or description of his journeymen, workmen, or
servants; every person so offending, or aiding, abetting, or assisting therein,
being convicted thereof in manner hereinafter mentioned, shall be imprisoned
only, or shall and may be imprisoned and kept to hard labour, for any time not
exceeding three calendar months.
Provided always, and be it enacted, that this act shall not extend to
subject any persons to punishment who shall meet together for the sole purpose
of consulting upon and determining the rate of wages or prices which the
persons present at such meeting, or any of them, shall require or demand for
his or their work, or the hours or time for which he or they will work in any
manufacture, trade, or business....
Ibid., LXIII, 1073 f.: 6 George IV, c. 129.
(B) Repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts (1828)
An act for repealing so much of several acts as imposes the necessity of
receiving the sacrament of the Lord's Supper as a qualification for certain
offices and employments.... Be it ... enacted ... that so much and such parts
of the ... several acts passed in the thirteenth and twenty-fifth years of the
reign of King Charles II ... as require the person or persons in
the said acts respectively described to take or receive the sacrament of the
Lord's Supper according to the rites or usage of the Church of England ... , or
as impose upon any such person or persons any penalty, forfeiture, incapacity,
or disability whatsoever for or by reason of any neglect or omission to take or
receive the said sacrament ... , be ... hereby repealed.
And whereas ... it is just and fitting that, on the repeal of such parts
of the said acts ... , a declaration ... should be substituted in lieu thereof;
be it therefore enacted that every person who shall hereafter be placed,
elected, or chosen ... in or to any office ... relating to the government of
any city, corporation, borough, or Cinque Port within England and Wales ...
shall, within one calendar month next before or upon his admission into any of
the aforesaid offices or trusts, make and subscribe the declaration following:
"I, A.B., do solemnly and sincerely, in the presence of God, profess, testify,
and declare upon the true faith of a Christian that I will never exercise any
power, authority, or influence which I may possess by virtue of the office of
——— to injure or weaken the Protestant Church as it is by law
established in England, or to disturb the said Church or the bishops and clergy
of the said Church in the possession of any rights or privileges to which such
Church or the said bishops and clergy are or may be by law entitled"
Ibid., LXV, 22 f.: 9 George IV, c. 17.
(C) Roman Catholic Emancipation Act (1829)
An act for the relief of his majesty's Roman Catholic subjects. Whereas
by various acts of parliament certain restraints and disabilities are imposed
on the Roman Catholic subjects of his majesty to which other subjects of his
majesty are not liable ...; and whereas by various acts certain oaths and
certain declarations ... are or may be required to be taken, made, and
subscribed by the subjects of his majesty, as qualifications for sitting and
voting in parliament, and for the enjoyment of certain offices, franchises, and
civil rights: be it enacted ... that, from and after the commencement of this
act, all such parts of the said acts as require the said declarations ... as a
qualification for sitting and voting in parliament, or for the exercise or
enjoyment of any office, franchise, or civil right, be and the same are (save
as hereinafter provided and excepted) hereby repealed.
And be it enacted that, from and after the commencement of this act, it
shall be lawful for any person professing the Roman Catholic religion, being a
peer or who shall after the commencement of this act be returned as a member of
the house of commons, to sit and vote in either house of parliament
respectively, being in all other respects duly qualified to sit and vote
therein, upon taking and subscribing the following oath, instead of the oaths
of allegiance, supremacy, and abjuration: "I, A.B., do sincerely promise and
swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to his majesty King
George IV and will defend him to the utmost of my power against all
conspiracies and attempts whatever which shall be made against his person,
crown, or dignity.... And I do faithfullly promise to maintain, support, and
defend to the utmost of my power the succession of the crown, which ... stands
limited to the princess Sophia, electress of Hanover, and the heirs of her body
being Protestants, hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or
allegiance unto any other person claiming or pretending a right to the crown of
this realm. And I do further declare that it is not an article of my faith, and
that I do denounce, reject, and abjure the opinion, that princes excommunicated
or deprived by the pope, or any other authority of the see of Rome, may be
deposed or murdered by their subjects or by any person whatsoever. And I do
declare that I do not believe that the pope of Rome or any other foreign
prince, prelate, person, state, or potentate hath or ought to have any temporal
or civil jurisdiction, power, superiority, or preeminence, directly or
indirectly, within this realm. I do swear that I will defend to the utmost of
my power the settlement of property within this realm as established by the
laws. And I do hereby disclaim, disavow, and solemnly abjure any intention to
subvert the present church establishment as settled by law within this realm.
And I do solemnly swear that I will never exercise any privilege to which I am
or may become entitled, to disturb or weaken the Protestant religion or
Protestant government in the united kingdom.... So help me God."
And be it further enacted that it shall be lawful for persons professing
the Roman Catholic religion to vote at elections of members to serve in
parliament for England and for Ireland, and also to vote at the elections of
representative peers of Scotland and of Ireland, and to be elected such
representative peers, being in all other respects, duly qualified, upon taking
and subscribing the oath herein before appointed....
Ibid., LXV, pt. ii, 49 f.: 10 George IV, c.
 The first three articles repeal all existing laws with
regard to combinations of labourers (e.g., no. 126p).
 No. 114J, R.
 Later articles indemnify all persons holding office under
the crown for failure to take the earlier tests, substituting for the latter
the declaration already quoted.