THE CIVIL LAW

Including

The Twelve Tables, The Institutes of Gaius, The Rules of
Ulpian, The Opinions of Paulus, The Enactments
of Justinian, and The Constitutions of Leo:

Translated from the original Latin,
edited, and compared with all accessible systems
of jurisprudence ancient and modern.

By S. P. SCOTT, A. M.

Author of "History of the Moorish
Empire in Europe," Translator of
the "Visigothic Code"

IN SEVENTEEN VOLUMES

VOL. II.

Cincinnati
The Central Trust Company
Executor of the Estate Samuel P. Scott, Deceased
Publishers

Copyright, 1932
by the Central Trust Company
Executor of the Estate Samuel P. Scott, Deceased
[Copyright expired without renewal]

CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.

V.

THE ENACTMENTS OF JUSTINIAN. I.

THE INSTITUTES.

PAGE

HTML Version PREAMBLE ........................................................ 3

BOOK I.

TITLE I. CONCERNING JUSTICE AND LAW.................................... 5

TITLE II. CONCERNING NATURAL LAW, THE LAW OF NATIONS, AND THE CIVIL LAW . 5

TITLE III. CONCERNING THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS .............................. 8

TITLE IV. CONCERNING FREEBORN PERSONS .................................. 9

TITLE V. CONCERNING FREEDMEN........................................... 9

TITLE VI. WHO CANNOT MANUMIT OTHERS, AND WHY THEY ARE UNABLE TO DO SO. 10

TITLE VII. CONCERNING THE ABROGATION OF THE LEX FURIA CANINIA............ 12

TITLE VIII. CONCERNING THOSE WHO ARE THEIR OWN MASTERS, OR ARE UNDER THE CONTROL OF OTHERS.......................................... 12

TITLE IX. CONCERNING PATERNAL AUTHORITY ................................ 13

TITLE X. CONCERNING MARRIAGE ........................................... 14

TITLE XI. CONCERNING ADOPTION ........................................... 16

TITLE XII. IN WHAT WAYS THE RIGHT OF PATERNAL POWER IS ABROGATED........ 18

TITLE XIII. CONCERNING GUARDIANSHIP ....................................... 20

TITLE XIV. PAGE WHO CAN BE APPOINTED TESTAMENTARY GUARDIANS ................ 21

TITLE XV. CONCERNING THE LEGAL GUARDIANSHIP OF AGNATES................. 22

TITLE XVI. CONCERNING THE LOSS OF CIVIL RIGHTS............................ 22

TITLE XVII. CONCERNING THE LEGAL GUARDIANSHIP OF PATRONS ................. 23

TITLE XVIII. CONCERNING THE LEGAL GUARDIANSHIP OF ASCENDANTS.............. 23

TITLE XIX. CONCERNING FIDUCIARY GUARDIANSHIP ............................. 24

TITLE XX. CONCERNING THE ATILIAN GUARDIAN, AND THE ONE APPOINTED UNDER THE LEX JULIA ET TITIA....................................... 24

TITLE XXI. CONCERNING THE SANCTION OF GUARDIANS.......................... 25

TITLE XXII. IN WHAT WAYS A GUARDIANSHIP IS TERMINATED.................... 26

TITLE XXIII. CONCERNING CURATORS ........................................... 27

TITLE XXIV. CONCERNING THE GIVING OF SECURITY BY GUARDIANS AND CURATORS ... 28

TITLE XXV. CONCERNING THE REASONS FOR EXCUSING GUARDIANS OR CURATORS .... 29

TITLE XXVI. CONCERNING SUSPECTED GUARDIANS OR CURATORS .................... 32

BOOK II.

HTML Version TITLE I. CONCERNING THE DIVISION OF THINGS ............................. 33

TITLE II. CONCERNING INCORPOREAL PROPERTY ............................... 43

TITLE III. CONCERNING SERVITUDES .......................................... 43

TITLE IV. PAGE CONCERNING USUFRUCT ........................................... 44

TITLE V. CONCERNING USE AND HABITATION ................................ 40

TITLE VI. CONCERNING USUCAPTION AND POSSESSION FOR LONG TIME........... 47

TITLE VII. CONCERNING GIFTS ............................................... 49

TITLE VIII. WHO IS PERMITTED TO ALIENATE, AND WHO IS NOT.................. 51

TITLE IX. THROUGH WHAT PERSONS PROPERTY CAN BE ACQUIRED FOR US........ 52

TITLE X. CONCERNING THE EXECUTION OF WILLS............................. 55

TITLE XI. CONCERNING THE WILL OF A SOLDIER............................... 57

TITLE XII. WHO ARE NOT PERMITTED TO MAKE WILLS.......................... 58

TITLE XIII. CONCERNING THE DISINHERITANCE OF CHILDREN .................... 60

TITLE XIV. CONCERNING THE APPOINTMENT OF HEIRS .......................... 62

TITLE XV. CONCERNING GENERAL SUBSTITUTION ............................... 65

TITLE XVI. CONCERNING THE SUBSTITUTION OF MINORS ......................... 65

TITLE XVII. IN WHAT WAYS WILLS ARE RENDERED INVALID ..................... 67

TITLE XVIII. CONCERNING AN INOFFICIOUS WILL................................. 68

TITLE XIX. CONCERNING THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF HEIRS....................... 70

TITLE XX. CONCERNING LEGACIES ............................................ 72

TITLE XXI. CONCERNING THE REVOCATION OF LEGACIES ......................... 79

TITLE XXII. PAGE CONCERNING THE LEX FALCIDIA ................................... 79

TITLE XXIII. CONCERNING TRUST ESTATES ...................................... 81

TITLE XXIV. CONCERNING PARTICULAR THINGS LEFT IN TRUST.................... 85

TITLE XXV. CONCERNING CODICILS ............................................ 86

BOOK III.

HTML Version TITLE I. CONCERNING ESTATES WHICH PASS BY INTESTACY................... 87

TITLE II. CONCERNING THE LEGAL SUCCESSION OF AGNATES ................... 92

TITLE III. CONCERNING THE TERTULLIAN DECREE OF THE SENATE............... 95

TITLE IV. CONCERNING THE ORPHITIAN DECREE OF THE SENATE................ 96

TITLE V. CONCERNING THE SUCCESSION OF COGNATES ......................... 97

TITLE VI. CONCERNING THE DEGREES OF COGNATION .......................... 98

TITLE VII. CONCERNING THE SUCCESSION OF FREEDMEN ........................ 100

TITLE VIII. CONCERNING THE ASSIGNMENT OF FREEDMEN ....................... 103

TITLE IX. CONCERNING THE POSSESSION OF PROPERTY ........................ 103

TITLE X. CONCERNING ACQUISITION BY ARROGATION .......................... 106

TITLE XI. CONCERNING THE PERSON TO WHOM PROPERTY IS TRANSFERRED ON ACCOUNT OF FREEDOM ........................................... 107

TITLE XII. CONCERNING THE ABROGATION OF SUCCESSIONS WHICH FORMERLY AROSE THROUGH THE SALE OF AN ESTATE AND FROM THE CLAUDIAN DECREE OF THE SENATE .............................................. 109

TITLE XIII. PAGE CONCERNING OBLIGATIONS ......................................... 109

TITLE XIV. IN WHAT WAY AN OBLIGATION IS CONTRACTED BY MEANS OF THE PROPERTY.................................................... 110

TITLE XV. CONCERNING VERBAL OBLIGATIONS.................................. .... 111

TITLE XVI. CONCERNING TWO PARTIES TO A STIPULATION OR PROMISE ............ 113

TITLE XVII. CONCERNING THE STIPULATION OF SLAVES ........................... 113

TITLE XVIII. CONCERNING THE DIVISION OF STIPULATIONS ........................ 114

TITLE XIX. CONCERNING INOPERATIVE STIPULATIONS ............................ 114

TITLE XX. CONCERNING SURETIES ............................................ 119

TITLE XXI. CONCERNING OBLIGATIONS IN WRITING.............................. 120

TITLE XXII. CONCERNING OBLIGATIONS BY CONSENT ............................. 120

TITLE XXIII. CONCERNING PURCHASE AND SALE ................................. 120

TITLE XXIV. CONCERNING LEASING AND HIRING ................................. 123

TITLE XXV. CONCERNING PARTNERSHIP ........................................ 124

TITLE XXVI. CONCERNING MANDATE............................................ 127

TITLE XXVII. CONCERNING OBLIGATIONS ARISING FROM QUASI-CONTRACTS .......... 130

TITLE XXVIII. THROUGH WHAT PERSONS AN OBLIGATION CAN BE ACQUIRED FOR OUR BENEFIT..................................................... 132

TITLE XXIX. IN WHAT WAYS AN OBLIGATION IS DISSOLVED....................... 132

BOOK IV.

HTML Version TITLE I. PAGE CONCERNING OBLIGATIONS ARISING FROM CRIME..................... 134

TITLE II. CONCERNING ROBBERY BY VIOLENCE ................................ 140

TITLE III. CONCERNING THE AQUILIAN LAW .................................. 141

TITLE IV. CONCERNING INJURIES ............................................ 144

TITLE V. CONCERNING OBLIGATIONS WHICH ARISE FROM A QUASI-CRIME........ 146

TITLE VI. CONCERNING ACTIONS............................................ 147

TITLE VII. CONCERNING BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS ENTERED INTO WITH A PERSON UNDER THE CONTROL OF ANOTHER ............................. 157

TITLE VIII. CONCERNING NOXAL ACTIONS...................................... 160

TITLE IX. WHERE A QUADRUPED IS SAID TO HAVE CAUSED DAMAGE.............. 161

TITLE X. CONCERNING THOSE BY WHOM WE CAN BRING SUIT..................162

TITLE XI. CONCERNING THE GIVING OF SECURITY.............................. 162

TITLE XII. CONCERNING PERPETUAL AND TEMPORARY ACTIONS, AND THOSE THAT ARE TRANSMITTED TO, AND AGAINST HEIRS ......................... 164

TITLE XIII. CONCERNING EXCEPTIONS ......................................... 165

TITLE XIV. CONCERNING REPLICATIONS ........................................ 167

TITLE XV. CONCERNING INTERDICTS .......................................... 168

TITLE XVI. CONCERNING THE PENALTY FOR RECKLESS LITIGATION ................ 172

TITLE XVII. CONCERNING THE DUTY OF A JUDGE ............................... 173

TITLE XVIII. CONCERNING PUBLIC PROSECUTIONS................................. 175

VI.

THE ENACTMENTS OF JUSTINIAN. II.

THE DIGEST OR PANDECTS.

PAGE

FIRST PREFACE................................................... 179

SECOND PREFACE ................................................. 189

THIRD PREFACE .................................................. 198

FIRST PART. BOOK I.

HTML Version TITLE I. CONCERNING JUSTICE AND LAW.................................... 209

TITLE II. CONCERNING THE ORIGIN OF LAW AND OF ALL MAGISTRATES, TOGETHER WITH A SUCCESSION OF JURISTS................................ 211

TITLE III. CONCERNING STATUTES, DECREES OF THE SENATE, AND LONG ESTABLISHED CUSTOMS .................................................... 222

TITLE IV. CONCERNING THE CONSTITUTIONS OF THE EMPERORS ................. 227

TITLE V. CONCERNING THE CONDITION OF MEN .............................. 227

TITLE VI. CONCERNING THOSE WHO ARE THEIR OWN MASTERS, AND THOSE THAT ARE UNDER THE CONTROL OF OTHERS........................... 231

TITLE VII. CONCERNING ADOPTIONS AND EMANCIPATIONS, AND OTHER METHODS BY WHICH PATERNAL AUTHORITY IS DISSOLVED................... 234

TITLE VIII. CONCERNING THE DIVISION AND NATURE OF THINGS ................. 241

TITLE IX. CONCERNING SENATORS ........................................... 245

TITLE X. PAGE CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF CONSUL ............................... 247

TITLE XL CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF PRĂTORIAN PREFECT ................... 248

TITLE XII. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF PREFECT OF THE CITY................... 248

TITLE XIII. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF QUĂSTOR ............................. 250

TITLE XIV. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF THE PRĂTORS.......................... 251

TITLE XV. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF PREFECT OF THE NIGHT WATCH.......... 251

TITLE XVI. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF PROCONSUL, AND HIS DEPUTY ........... 252

TITLE XVII. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF AUGUSTAL PREFECT..................... 256

TITLE XVIII. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF GOVERNOR ............................. 257

TITLE XIX. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF THE IMPERIAL STEWARD OR ACCOUNTANT.. 261

TITLE XX. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF JURIDICUS ............................. 262

TITLE XXI. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF HIM TO WHOM JURISDICTION IS DELEGATED. . 262

TITLE XXII. CONCERNING THE OFFICE OF ASSESSORS ............................. 263

BOOK II.

HTML Version TITLE I. CONCERNING JURISDICTION......................................... 265

TITLE II. EACH ONE MUST HIMSELF USE THE LAW WHICH HE HAS ESTABLISHED FOR OTHERS ................................................. 268

TITLE III. WHERE ANYONE REFUSES OBEDIENCE TO A MAGISTRATE RENDERING JUDGMENT ....................................................... 270

TITLE IV. PAGE CONCERNING CITATIONS BEFORE A COURT OF JUSTICE................. 271

TITLE V. WHERE ANYONE WHO IS SUMMONED DOES NOT APPEAR, AND WHERE ANYONE SUMMONED A PERSON WHOM, ACCORDING TO THE EDICT, HE SHOULD NOT HAVE SUMMONED ............................. 276

TITLE VI. PERSONS WHO ARE SUMMONED MUST EITHER APPEAR, OR GIVE BOND OR SECURITY TO DO SO........................................... 276

TITLE VII. NO ONE CAN FORCIBLY REMOVE A PERSON WHO HAS BEEN SUMMONED TO COURT.................................................... 277

TITLE VIII. WHAT PERSONS ARE COMPELLED TO GIVE A SURETY, AND WHO CAN MAKE A PROMISE UNDER OATH, OR BE BOUND BY A MERE PROMISE....... 279

TITLE IX. IN WHAT WAY SECURITY MUST BE GIVEN IN A NOXAL ACTION......... 283

TITLE X. CONCERNING ONE WHO PREVENTS A PERSON FROM APPEARING IN COURT . 285

TITLE XI. WHERE A PARTY WHO HAS GIVEN A BOND TO APPEAR IN COURT DOES NOT DO SO....................................................... 286

TITLE XII. CONCERNING FESTIVALS, DELAYS, AND DIFFERENT SEASONS ........... 292

TITLE XIII. CONCERNING THE STATEMENT OF A CASE ........................... 294

TITLE XIV. CONCERNING AGREEMENTS......................................... 299

TITLE XV. CONCERNING COMPROMISES ........................................ 318


Contents | Liberty Library |