Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution
     (Seventy-seventh Amendment) Bill, 1992 which was enacted as
       the  Constitution  (Seventy-fifth   Amendment) Act,  1993


The  operation  of  the  Rent Control Legislations, as  are  today  in
various  States, suffers from major weaknesses and has led to  various
unintended  consequences.  Some of the deleterious legal  consequences
include  mounting and unending litigation, inability of the courts  to
provide  timely justice, evolution of practices and systems to by pass
the  operations  of rent legislations and steady shrinkage  of  rental
housing market.

2.   The  Supreme Court, taking note of the precarious state  of  rent
litigation  in the country, in the case of Prabhakaran Nair and others
Vs.   State  of Tamil Nadu (Civil Writ Petition 506 of 1986 and  other
writs)  observed that the Supreme Court and the High Courts should  be
relieved  of  the heavy burden of rent litigation.  Tiers of  appeals
should  be  curtailed.   Laws should be simple,  rational   and  clear.
Litigations  must  come to end quickly.  The idea of a  National   Rent
Tribunal  on  an  all-India  basis with quicker  procedure   should  be

3.   It  is  proposed  to   amend article 323B  in  Part  XIVA  of  the
Constitution  so  as  to give timely relief to the rent  litigants   by
providing  for  setting up of State-level Rent Tribunals in  order  to
reduce  the  tiers of appeals and to exclude the jurisdiction  of  all
courts,  except  that of the Supreme Court, under article 136  of  the

4.  The Bill seeks to achieve the aforesaid objects.


The 23rd June, 1992.

ACT, 1993

[5th February, 1994.]

An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.

BE  it enacted by Parliament in the Forty-fourth Year of the  Republic
of India as follows:-

1.   Short  title  and commencement.-(1) This Act may be  called  the
Constitution (Seventy-fifth Amendment) Act, 1993.

(2)  It  shall  come  into  force on  such  date_682  as  the  Central
Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

2.  Amendment of article 323B.-In article 323B of the Constitution, in
clause (2),-

(a)  sub-clauses  (h) and (i) shall be re-lettered as sub-clauses  (i)
and  (j), and before sub-clause (i), as so re-lettered, the  following
sub-clause shall be inserted, namely:-

"(h) rent, its regulation and control and tenancy issues including the
right, title and interest of landlords and tenants;";

(b)  in sub-clause (i), as so re-lettered, for the brackets and letter
"(g)", the brackets and letter "(h)" shall be substituted;

(c)  in sub-clause (j), as so re-lettered, for the brackets and letter
"(h)", the brackets and letter "(i)" shall be substituted.


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