Remarks in Congress During Debate on Militia Bill

December 16, 1790

Mr Madison thought it an important principle, and one that ought in general to be attended to — That all laws should be made to operate as much on the law makers as upon the people, the greatest security for the preservation of liberty, is for the government to have a sympathy with those on whom the laws act, and a real participation and communication of all their burthens and grievances. Whenever it is necessary to exempt any part of the government from sharing in these common burthens, that necessity ought not only to be palpable, but should on no account be exceeded. He thought the amendment, together with the constitution, provided on this occasion for all that was necessary, and that the clause as it stood at present, went beyond that necessity.