Article 3 of the Constitution provides for the
formation of new States
and alteration of areas, boundaries, or names of existing
Before the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, was enacted,
the expression "States" occurring in that article meant Part A States,
Part B States and also Part C States. By the Seventh Amendment of the
Constitution in 1956, the concept of "Union
introduced in our Constitution but article 3 was not
include in terms "Union territories". It is considered
amend this article to make it clear that "State" in clauses (a) to (e)
of that article (but not in the proviso) includes "Union territories".
It is also considered proper to make it clear that power under clause
(a) of article 3 includes power to form a new State or Union territory
by uniting a part of a State or Union territory to another State or
The Bill seeks to achieve the above objects.
G. L. NANDA.
The 16th May, 1966.
THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1966
[27th August, 1966.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventeenth Year
of the Republic of
India as follows:-
1. Short title.-This Act may be called
the Constitution (Eighteenth
Amendment) Act, 1966.
2. Amendment of article 3.-In
article 3 of the Constitution, the
following Explanations shall be inserted at the end, namely:-
`Explanation I.-In this
article in clauses (a) to (e), "State"
includes a Union territory, but in the proviso, "State"
include a Union territory.
Explanation II.-The power conferred
on Parliament by clause (a)
includes the power to form a new State or Union territory by uniting a
part of any State or Union territory to any other State or