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THE CONSTITUTION (THIRTY-FIFTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1974

Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution
       (Thirty-sixth Amendment) Bill, 1974 which was enacted as
       the  Constitution  (Thirty-fifth   Amendment) Act,  1974

STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

In  pursuance of the historic agreement of the 8th May, 1973,  between
the  Chogyal,  the leaders of the political parties  representing  the
people  of  Sikkim  and the Government of India and of  the   unanimous
desire of the members of the Sikkim Assembly expressed in the meetings
of  the  Assembly  held  on the 11th May, 1974,  for  the   progressive
realisation  of  a  fully  responsible Government in  Sikkim   and  for
furthering  its  close  relationship with India, the  Sikkim   Assembly
considered and passed the Government of Sikkim Bill, 1974 unanimously.
The  Chogyal  promulgated  this  Bill on the 4th  July,   1974  as  the
Government  of Sikkim Act, 1974.  For the speedy development of Sikkim
in  the  social,  economic  and political fields, section  30   of  the
Government  of  Sikkim  Act, 1974 empowers the Government  of   Sikkim,
inter alia, to seek participation and representation for the people of
Sikkim  in  the  political institutions of India.  On the  28th   June,
1974, after passing the Government of Sikkim Bill, the Sikkim Assembly
resolved  unanimously  that  measures should be taken,  amongst   other
things, for seeking representation for the people of Sikkim in India's
parliamentary system.

2.   After the promulgation of the Government of Sikkim Act, the Chief
Minister of Sikkim had made formal requests to the Government of India
through the Chief Executive requesting the Government of India to take
such  steps  as may be legally or constitutionally necessary  to  give
effect  to  the  Government of Sikkim Act, 1974  and  the   resolutions
passed   by   the  Assembly  and   particularly   for   providing   for
representation for the people of Sikkim in Parliament.

3.  With a view of giving effect to the wishes of the people of Sikkim
for strengthening Indo-Sikkim co-operation and inter-relationship, the
Bill  seeks  to  amend the Constitution to provide for the  terms   and
conditions  of  association to Sikkim with the Union.  The  terms   and
conditions  are set out in the Tenth Schedule proposed to be added  to
the Constitution by clause 5 of the Bill.  Apart from referring to the
responsibilities  of  the  Government of India and the powers  of   the
President  in  this  regard, the Schedule provides  for   allotment  to
Sikkim  of one seat in the Council of States and one seat in the House
of the People and for the election of the representatives of Sikkim in
the  Council  of States and the House of the People by the members  of
the Sikkim Assembly.

NEW DELHI; SWARAN SINGH.

The 30th August, 1974.

THE CONSTITUTION (THIRTY-FIFTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1974

[22nd February, 1975.]

An  Act  further to amend the Constitution of India to give effect  to
the  wishes  of  the people of Sikkim  for  strengthening   Indo-Sikkim
co-operation and inter-relationship.

BE  it enacted by Parliament in the Twenty-fifth Year of the  Republic
of India as follows:-

1.   Short  title  and commencement.-(1) This Act may  be  called  the
Constitution (Thirty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1974.

(2)  It  shall  come  into  force on  such  date_667  as  the  Central
Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

2.   Insertion of new article 2A.-After article 2 of the Constitution,
the following article shall be inserted, namely:-

"2A.   Sikkim to be associated with the Union.-Sikkim, which comprises
the  territories specified in the Tenth Schedule, shall be  associated
with the Union on the terms and conditions set out in that Schedule.".

3.   Amendment  of article 80.-In article 80 of the  Constitution,  in
clause  (1),  for  the words "The Council of States",  the   words  and
figure  "Subject  to  the  provisions  of paragraph  4   of  the  Tenth
Schedule, the Council of States" shall be substituted.

4.   Amendment  of article 81.-In article 81 of the  Constitution,  in
clause  (1),  for the words and figures "Subject to the provisions  of
article  331",  the  words and figures "Subject to the   provisions  of
article  331  and  paragraph  4  of   the  Tenth   Schedule"  shall  be
substituted.

5.   Addition  of  Tenth   Schedule.-After the Ninth  Schedule  to  the
Constitution, the following Schedule shall be added, namely:-

`TENTH SCHEDULE

[Articles 2A, 80(1) and 81(1)]

PART A
TERRITORIES OF SIKKIM

1.  Sikkim.---Sikkim comprises the following territories, namely:-

The territories which, immediately before the coming into force of the
Government of Sikkim Act, 1974, were comprised in Sikkim.

PART B

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF ASSOCIATION OF SIKKIM WITH THE UNION

2.   Responsibilities of the Government of India.-(1) The Government
of India-

(a)  shall  be  solely  responsible for the  defence  and  territorial
integrity of Sikkim and for the conduct and regulation of the external
relations of Sikkim, whether political, economic or financial;

(b)  shall  have the exclusive right of constructing, maintaining  and
regulating  the  use of railways, aerodromes, landing grounds and  air
navigation  facilities,  posts,  telegraphs, telephones  and   wireless
installations in Sikkim;

(c)  shall  be  responsible  for   securing  the  economic  and  social
development of Sikkim and for ensuring good administration and for the
maintenance of communal harmony therein;

(d)  shall  be responsible for providing facilities for students  from
Sikkim  in  institutions  for  higher learning in India  and   for  the
employment  of  people  from  Sikkim in the public  service   of  India
(including  the  All-India Services), at par with those  available  to
citizens of India;

(e)   shall   be  responsible   for   providing  facilities   for   the
participation  and  representation  of  the people of  Sikkim   in  the
political institutions of India.

(2) The provisions contained in this paragraph shall not be
enforceable by any court.

3.  Exercise of certain powers by the President.-The President may, by
general or special order, provide-

(a)  for the inclusion of the planned development of Sikkim within the
ambit  of  the  planning authority of India while  that   authority  is
preparing  plans for the economic and social development of India, and
for appropriately associating officials from Sikkim in such work;

(b)  for the exercise of all or any of the powers vested or sought  to
be vested in the Government of India in or in relation to Sikkim under
the Government of Sikkim Act, 1974.

4.   Representation in Parliament.-Notwithstanding anything in  this
Constitution-

(a)  there  shall  be allotted to Sikkim one seat in  the  Council  of
States and one seat in the House of the People;

(b)  the  representative of Sikkim in the Council of States shall  be
elected by the members of the Sikkim Assembly;

(c)  the representative of Sikkim in the House of the People shall  be
chosen  by direct election, and for this purpose, the whole of  Sikkim
shall   form  one  parliamentary  constituency   to   be   called   the
parliamentary constituency for Sikkim:

Provided  that the representative of Sikkim in the House of the People
in  existence  at the commencement of the  Constitution  (Thirty-fifth
Amendment)  Act,  1974, shall be elected by the members of the  Sikkim
Assembly;

(d)  there  shall be one general electoral roll for the  parliamentary
constituency  for  Sikkim and every person whose name is for the  time
being  entered  in  the electoral roll of any constituency  under   the
Government  of Sikkim Act, 1974, shall be entitled to be registered in
the  general  electoral  roll for the parliamentary  constituency   for
Sikkim;

(e) a person shall not be qualified to be the representative of Sikkim
in  the Council of States or the House of the People unless he is also
qualified  to  be chosen to fill a seat in the Sikkim Assembly and  in
the case of any such representative-

(i) clause (a) of article 84 shall apply as if the words "is a citizen
of India, and" had been omitted therefrom;

(ii)  clause  (3) of article 101 shall apply as if sub-clause (a)  had
been omitted therefrom;

(iii) sub-clause (d) of clause (1) of article 102 shall apply as if
the words "is not a citizen of India, or" had been omitted therefrom;

(iv) article 103 shall not apply;

(f)  every representative of Sikkim in the Council of States or in the
House  of the People shall be deemed to be a member of the Council  of
States  or  the House of the People, as the case may be, for  all  the
purposes  of this Constitution except as respects the election of  the
President or the Vice-President:

Provided  that  in he case of any such representative, clause  (2)  of
article  101  shall  apply  as  if  for the  words   "a  House  of  the
Legislature  of a State", in both the places where they occur, and for
the  words  "the  Legislature  of the State", the   words  "the  Sikkim
Assembly" had been substituted;

(g)  if  a representative of Sikkim, being a member of the Council  of
States  or  the  House of the People, becomes subject to  any  of   the
disqualifications  for  being a member of the Sikkim Assembly  or  for
being  the  representative of Sikkim in the Council of States  or  the
House  of the People, his seat as a member of the Council of States or
the  House  of the People, as the case may be, shall thereupon  become
vacant;

(h)  if any question arises as to whether a representative of  Sikkim,
being  a  member of the Council of States or the House of the  People,
has become subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in clause
(g) of this paragraph, the question shall be referred for the decision
of the President and his decision shall be final:

Provided  that  before giving any decision on any such  question,  the
President  shall  obtain  the opinion of the Election  Commission   and
shall act according to such opinion;

(i)  the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation  of
the  electoral rolls for the conduct of elections to Parliament  under
this paragraph of the representatives of Sikkim shall be vested in the
Election  Commission  and the provisions of clauses (2), (3), (4)  and
(6)  of article 324 shall, so far as may be, apply to and in  relation
to all such elections;

(j)  Parliament may, subject to the provisions of this paragraph, from
time  to  time  by  law make provision with  respect  to   all  matters
relating  to, or in connection with, such elections to either House of
Parliament;

(k)  no such election to either House of Parliament shall be called in
question  except  by an election petition presented to such  authority
and  in such manner as may be provided for by or under any law made by
Parliament.

Explanation.-In  this paragraph, the expression "the Sikkim  Assembly"
shall mean the Assembly for Sikkim constituted under the Government of
Sikkim Act, 1974.

5.   Schedule not to derogate from agreements, etc.-The provisions  of
this  Schedule shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of,  any
other  power, jurisdiction, rights and authority which the  Government
of  India  has  or  may have in or in relation  to  Sikkim   under  any
agreement, grant, usage, sufferance or other lawful arrangement.'.


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