"The Face of Terror"
"Before the Government tries to convict someone, they
try first to demonize him."
— Trial lawyer Gerry Spence
On May 1st, a stunned America was introduced to "The Face of Terror."
The steely-eyed mug of Timothy James McVeigh, superimposed over the limp,
bloody body of a tiny dead child, stared coldly out at us from the cover of
Suddenly, there was no longer any doubt who had bombed the Murrah
Building. As John Doe No. 1 was led from the Noble County Courthouse in
handcuffs and leg irons, the scene was something akin to a medieval script.
"Baby Killer!" the crowd screamed. "Burn him! Burn him!"
In the pages that followed, Time and others would set out to
"reveal the paranoid life and times of accused bomber Timothy McVeigh and his
Right-wing associates." With
the ink barely dry on the indictments, the national news media quickly began
pumping out story after story focusing on the trivial banalities of McVeigh's
life, attempting to reinforce the official allegations of his guilt. While the
New York Times set the overall tone based on "leaks" from federal law
enforcement sources, self-styled experts came crawling out of the woodwork.
"In deeply disturbing ways, his is a portrait of his generation,"
quipped Dale Russak and Serge Kovaleski, two sociologists moonlighting for the
"…his tortured path — is a psychological portrait of his
deterioration…." John Kifner of the New York Times announced with
the authority of a Freudian analyst. "First there was McVeigh's own stunted
personality and immediate frustrations. He was never able to overcome a sense
of abandonment by his mother…."
"Not making the Special Forces was something that was very hard for him
to deal with," said an FBI agent training for his Ph.D. in psychology. "In his
mind, much of his life has been one of thinking that he is a kind of Special
Forces of his own."
Finally: "He was the quiet one," said McVeigh's former 10th grade
English teacher Coleen Conner, throwing a bit of adolescent psychology on the
situation. "A lot of the quiet ones are the ones who have ended up doing scary
There it was — trial by media. Timothy McVeigh must be
guilty, after all, they put his face on the cover of Time
[Time. As journalist Jon Rappaport put it, "the home of faintly
patronizing stories that go nowhere." Like the carefully manufactured image of
Lee Harvey Oswald, the media would construct a menagerie reality of Timothy
James McVeigh, suitable for public consumption.]
Fortunately, in the avalanche of articles that would follow, small hints
of reality would occasionally seep through the mire.
"That just doesn't ring true to me, as to the person I knew," said
Sheffield Anderson, a correctional officer who had gone through basic training
with McVeigh and served with him in the Gulf. "In that picture of him coming
out of the courthouse, he looks like a real mean guy. But I didn't sense
anything out of the ordinary. McVeigh was a rational type guy, a thinking type
person. The bombing thing is totally contrary to the person I knew."
"The Timothy McVeigh I talked with didn't seem like a baby
killer," said former Army Colonel David Hackworth about his Newsweek
interview with McVeigh.
During an interview on Prime Time Live, Lana Padilla, Terry Nichols
ex-wife, told Diane Sawyer, "It's not the same person. I mean, you
Sawyer: "The stony face."
Padilla: "No." 
"It became obvious during the hour-long discussion that Timothy McVeigh
is neither a monster nor a madman," wrote Lawrence Myers, who interviewed
McVeigh for Media Bypass magazine. "He left the impression that he is a
man with strong convictions and a sense of honor."
So just who is Timothy James McVeigh? Is he a hardened killer as the
press and federal authorities have made him out to be? Or is he an ordinary man
who became caught up in a complicated web of intrigue and deception?
Timothy James McVeigh was born in Pendelton, New York on April 23, 1968,
a small working class town of 5,000 people just outside of Buffalo. Tim was the
second child of Bill McVeigh, an auto worker, and Mildred, a travel agent. The
elder McVeigh, 55, coached Little League and ran bingo night at the local
catholic church, spending his free time golfing, or putzing in his garden. A
heavily wooded rural area, young Tim spent his time hiking or playing sports
with the neighborhood boys.
"He lived a few houses down from me, said boyhood friend Keith Maurer.
"We played hockey, baseball and just about every other sport in the
neighborhood. He wasn't the best athlete in the bunch, but he showed up to play
every day and he always played hard."
The bright and inventive youngster also spent his time engaging in novel
activities such as setting up a haunted house in his basement, where he charged
admission, or holding weekend casino fairs, where he acted as the dealer.
"He was very advanced for our age, "Maurer said. "I remember saying to
myself: I wouldn't have thought of that."
Pat Waugh, a neighbor, said "I used to think to myself, that kid is
going to go somewhere just because he's such a mover and shaker. I pictured him
growing up to be a salesman, sort of a shyster."
When Tim's mom moved out in June of 1984, the outgoing young McVeigh
became more reserved, as he and his sisters, Patty and Jennifer, attempted to
deal with the trauma of the breakup. Reverend Paul Belzer of the Good shepherd
Roman Catholic Church in Pendelton knew the family for 20 years. "People asked
me, wasn't Tim crushed? But he didn't seem to be. He lived in the same house,
had the same friends. Yeah, he'd have to miss his mother, but so many of the
anchors were there."
Yanya Panepento, a classmate of Tim's recalled, He was a quiet boy. He
kept to himself. He didn't seem like he was a trouble maker or anything like
Yet, nine months after the bombing, the Times John Kifner would
write, "As commonplace as this seems, criminologists say, these traits are
often the stuff of serial killers, terrorists and other solitary
To the armchair psychoanalysts of the mainstream/tabloid media, the
breakup would be the first of two major events — the second being his
initial failure to make the Special Forces — that would profoundly and
adversely affect the young McVeigh's personality. The first indications of this
came when reporters discovered in his high school yearbook that Tim had been
voted "most talkative" by his senior class.
"The only thing I can remember is that he was very quite and polite,"
recalled Cecelia Matyjas, who taught 10th grade geometry. "He didn't cause any
problems in class. He seemed to be cooperative and attentive. He was on the
track team and the cross-country team, so he was able to get along with
Brandon Stickney, a journalist contracted to produce an unauthorized
biography of McVeigh for Prometheus Books, said "Tim was not the most talkative
out of his class of 194 students, but he was by no means introverted. He was
certainly an outgoing young man who had many friends and acquaintances."
Yet none of these easy to check facts were ever mentioned in the
volumous articles which appeared in the Times. Kifner, the Times
"resident analyst," proclaimed with surety, "He was never able to overcome a
sense of abandonment by his mother, who left the family when he was a boy; nor
could he find a home outside the Army."
Backing up Kifner was John Douglas of the FBI's Psychological Profile
Unit, who claimed McVeigh was "asocial, asexual, a loner, withdrawn, from a
family with problems, strong feelings of inadequacy from early in life, an
"I think it's a bunch of psychobable if you ask me, if you want to know
the truth," said Jennifer, Tim's younger sister. "We were free to live with who
we wanted. We could visit the other parent whenever we wanted. There was no
bitterness between my parents."
"There's nothing there, added McVeigh himself, responding to the media's
analysis of him in a July 3rd interview with Newsweek.
Apparently, Douglas and the so-called journalists from the New York
Times never bothered to check on the fact that Tim had many friends,
including several girlfriends later in life, was close to his Father and his
sister Jennifer, and was a Regents Scholar.
Not to be hamstrung by such minor details [as checking on facts], the
Times and the Post quickly jumped on the idea that Tim was
interested in firearms. "In a region of hunting enthusiasts, it caused little
stir when Tim, at 10, became interested in guns. But a close relative said that
the family saw this as a bid for attention by a boy who didn't know how else to
ask for it."
"He had a semiautomatic BB gun that could fire 15 rounds with the pull
of a trigger," added the Post. "Other boys had only single-shot
varieties. Tim used to show them at school how he held it, posing police-style
with hands clasped together. During boring classes, when other students
doodled, he drew guns."
In fact, Tim's father did buy him a .22-caliber rifle, which the young
McVeigh would use for target practice in the woods behind his home. Yet
apparently Tim was not the young blood-thirsty adventurer the media made him
out to be. "I remember starting to hunt at age 11," said his friend Keith
Maurer, "and Tim never had any interest in this."
McVeigh was later able to indulge in his interests in firearms as a
security guard for Burke Armored, where he worked for a year or so in 1987.
Jeff Camp, McVeigh's co-worker, noted that he had a keen interest in guns,
although he didn't find it unusual since most full-time security guards and law
enforcement personnel owned an assortment of firearms, he said.
One story eagerly circulated amongst the press is that McVeigh showed up
at Burke one day with a huge Desert Eagle pistol and bandoleers slung in an "X"
across his chest. "He came to work looking like Rambo," recalled Camp. "It
looked like World War III."
Yet McVeigh laughs off the tale, stating that he and some other
employees were simply playing a joke on their supervisor, who was sending them
on a high profile assignment for the day. Apparently, their supervisor was not
According to the Post, McVeigh also worked as a gun salesman at a
sporting goods store in Lockport.
"Guns were the entire focal point of the 27-year-old Mr. McVeigh's
life," wrote the Times' Kifner.
"This obsession with weapons — a form of power — is an
overcompensation for deep-rooted feelings of inadequacy," added the FBI's
Douglas, attempting to drive another nail into McVeigh's coffin.
One must wonder if an interest in stamp collecting or bird watching
— other legitimate hobbies — could be construed as a "bid for
attention." The author — much more of a "trouble maker" in his formative
years than Timothy McVeigh — personally remembers his own interest in
guns, and even military armor. Like motorcycles, fast cars or other macho
symbols, such interests pass as one matures. Yet federal authorities, with the
backing of the corporate-owned media, attempted to make this a cornerstone of
their psuedo-psychological case against McVeigh. He was "obsessed with guns,"
ergo, he is a mad bomber. I doubt if all the gun enthusiasts in the country
would be pleased to know they are, by association, being implicated as mad
Not to be deterred, Post reporters discovered that young Tim had
stockpiled food, camping equipment and weapons in case of a disaster "…in
case of a nuclear attack or the Communists took over the country," said an
anonymous neighbor in the Post. "Perhaps it made sense that a young boy
often forced to fend for himself would fantasize about fighting the world all
alone," mused the Post. Fighting the world? Or developing common sense
at a young age? In his Media Bypass interview, McVeigh recalled that one
of his most vivid memories was the winter blizzard of 1977, which dumped 15
feet of snow on Pendelton, stranding his mother miles away, and knocking out
power and phone lines for days. The young, inventive McVeigh responded by
helping his father store necessities, even recommending that the older McVeigh
purchase a generator.
Apparently the armchair psychoanalysts of the mainstream press felt this
indicative of early creeping paranoia, rather than the natural combination of
the active imagination and common sense inherent in a remarkable nine-year old
boy. If the youngster was concerned about Communists, one only need ask where
such fears were incubated.
The Post, keeping with the propaganda of Timothy McVeigh as
underachiever, was quoted as saying "Tim's high-school yearbook entry in 1986
listed no organized activities (he omitted the track team), rather: 'staying
away from school, losing sleep, finding it in school.'"
Yet even the Post admitted that Tim's guidance counselor, Harold
Smith, said that he had not missed a day of classes from seventh through
twelfth grade. Far from being an underachiever, his record indicates a young
man with remarkable discipline.
Justin Gertner, who knew McVeigh since second grade recalls, "he hung
around with the intelligently elite at Starpoint. Tim was in the Regent's
program in our school for advanced placement students who planned on attending
college. He also created and ran our computer bulletin board system."
In fact, McVeigh excelled in computers, taking every available computer
class in high school. He even designed his own computer program. "That was the
age when there was no software to speak of, and it wasn't user friendly," said
a teacher who asked to remain anonymous, "But Tim and some other kids went out
and did this…. In a way, that was fairly advanced. This demonstrates his
bright mind and his ability."
This bright mind and ability led McVeigh to Bryant & Stratton
Business College in Williamsville, N.Y. to study advanced COBOL and FORTRAN
programming languages. In spite of his abilities, opportunities for decent
employment were uncertain in Buffalo in the mid-1980s. Buffalo, like the rest
of the Rust Belt, was experiencing the worst of economic trends. Several steel
and auto plants had shut down, and two major banks failed, throwing thousands
of white-collar workers out of jobs and causing downturns in real-estate,
advertising, law and other fields.
"There are no jobs around here unless you want to work for $6 an hour or
less at a McDonald's or Wendy's," said Bill McVeigh. "It's rough for anybody
looking for work."
McVeigh apparently did not feel comfortable that his auto-worker father
was paying for most of his college tuition. So in December 1987, he took a job
with Burke Armored Truck (now known as Armored Services of America) in
Cheektowaga, near Buffalo.
"He was a very alert guard." said Jeff Camp, McVeigh's co-worker. "He
worked a lot of overtime and was polite with our customers." McVeigh was also
moody, ranging from intense to quiet. "If someone was driving badly, cutting us
off or interfering with our schedule, he could get pretty mad," added Camp.
"His face would turn red and he would yell and scream inside the truck,
although he calmed down pretty fast." (Similar to the way the author drives.)
Camp also described an incident where a woman had hit their truck. Although the
woman was upset, McVeigh calmed her down and told her not to worry, that there
was no damage to the truck, and that he would even report it as their fault,
which it wasn't.
McVeigh worked at Burke from April of 1987 till May of 1988. By the time
he was 19, McVeigh had built up a substantial savings account and he and a
friend, David Darlak, acquired 10 acres of land for $7,000 at a hunting and
camping retreat north of Olean, N.Y. The two young men bought the land as an
investment, and to use for camping and for target practice. Reported the Post:
"Robert Morgan, who lives nearby, said his father Charlie once called
the state police to complain about all the gunfire. 'My dad turned him in," he
said. "One day it sounded like a war out there. Sometimes he'd come down during
the week, sometimes the weekend. He had on hunting clothes.
While the press made much out of the fact that McVeigh and his friends
used the land for target practice, it should be noted that McVeigh was
law-abiding and did not have a criminal record.
By the Spring of 1988, the young security guard felt he was going
nowhere. He was working in a relatively low-wage job while listening to the
fate of those who had been laid-off while working other jobs. Tim's father
listened with concern as Tim vented his frustration, complaining that he was
unemployable except at jobs that paid "no money." One night Bill McVeigh and a
friend from the auto plant suggested that the younger McVeigh enter the
"Bill and I had both been in the service," the friend said, "and one
night we said to Tim, 'That's what you ought to do: go in the service.' A week
later, he had joined."
"It happened in a split second," said Tim's co-worker Jeff Camp. "He
didn't tell anyone he was joining. He just came to work one day and said he was
going in the Army. I never saw
a guy who wanted to go in the Army that bad. I asked him why the Army, and he
said 'You get to shoot.' He always wanted to carry an M-16."
Keith Maurer said, "I couldn't see him joining the military. He had a
lot of options. He was very smart. I didn't see the military as the one he
needed to take."
[But to McVeigh, who saw his career options in economically depressed
Upstate New York as bleak, the Army made perfect sense.] The Army held the
possibility of travel and adventure for a boy from a small town. In the Army,
he could choose his specialty, indulging his interest in firearms or computers.
On May 24, McVeigh drove the 25 miles to the Army recruiting office in
Buffalo, and signed up for a three-year hitch. "In a couple of days he was
gone," said Camp.
McVeigh arrived at Fort Benning, Georgia on May 30, and was assigned to
Echo Company, 4th Battalion, 36th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Training Brigade. The
unit was a COHORT unit, an acronym for "Cohesion Operational Readiness and
Training." In a COHORT unit, soldiers were supposed to stay together for their
entire three-year enlistment period. The COHORT concept originated in 1980, in
an attempt to correct the problem of sending in raw green recruits for those
who had been killed in battle. The Army discovered that many new replacements
had difficulty adjusting to a new unit in the heat of battle, resulting in a
higher number of casualties. Moreover, Pentagon studies from the Vietnam War
era suggested that soldiers who had developed bonds of friendship were more
likely to perform courageously. Unfortunately, the Army soon developed a new
problem: many of the soldiers became sick of each other after three years,
resulting in soldiers committing suicide or going AWOL.
Although McVeigh originally wanted to try out for Army Ranger School, he
didn't want to wait for an available opening, and decided to join the infantry
immediately. As he sound found out, he had been misled by the Army recruiter.
Once in the COHORT unit, it was not possible for him to enter Army Ranger
School. Yet the disappointed young recruit quickly made the best of the
situation, scoring a high 126 points on his General Technical test score,
putting him in the top 10 percentile among new recruits.
"McVeigh was really motivated to be a good soldier and performed well at
everything expected of him," said assistant platoon leader Glen "Tex" Edwards.
"You could load that boy up with 140 pounds of gear and he would carry it all
day on the march without complaining. He was thin as a rail but he never fell
out of formation," said Edwards, recalling the hot Georgia summer of 1988. " It
was the worst time of the year to go through the course, but it did not seem to
bother McVeigh one bit."
Although McVeigh didn't have many close friends during basic training,
one person he would develop a close friendship with was Terry Nichols. Nichols,
13 years McVeigh's senior, was promoted to platoon leader due to his age and
maturity. Despite their age difference however, the two men bonded, sharing
similar interests. "Terry and Tim in boot camp went together like magnets,"
said Robin Littleton.
By the end of basic training, McVeigh was promoted to private E-2,
having managed to score higher than anyone in his battalion on his mid-cycle
and end-of-cycle testing. "Any test, he'd ace it," said David Dilly. "He knew
exactly what the Army wanted. It was going to be an easy life for him."
On August 25, 1988, McVeigh was awarded a certificate by his commanding
officer, then in September the unit was shipped out to Fort Riley, Kansas,
where McVeigh was assigned to the 2nd Battalion, First Infantry Division, part
of the "Dagger Brigade" of the famous "Big Red One" that made the assault on
Normandy during WWII. While McVeigh was assigned to Charlie Company, Nichols
went to Bravo Company.
A mechanized infantry unit, 2nd Battalion was equipped with M-2 Bradley
Armored vehicles, a more sophisticated version of the famous M-113 Armored
Personnel Carrier used during the Vietnam War. In addition to ferrying troops,
the aluminum Bradley has a turret-mounted 25mm cannon, a 7.62mm machine gun and
anti-tank missiles. McVeigh was the gunner on one of four Bradleys attached to
Charlie Company's First Platoon. Naturally, he scored higher than anyone else
in the battalion. In 1989, his commander selected him as gunner on the
"Division Display Vehicle," used to demonstrate the M-2 system for Pentagon
officials and visiting dignitaries.
"He was without a doubt the best soldier I have ever trained with," said
Staff Sergeant Albert Warnement, McVeigh's supervisor at Fort Riley. He was
motivated and very interested in learning everything he could about being a
"As far as soldiering, he never did anything wrong," said Todd Reiger,
assigned to McVeigh's Bradley. "He was always on time. He never got into
trouble. He was perfect. I thought he would stay in the Army all his life. He
was always volunteering for stuff that the rest of us wouldn't want to do,
guard duties, classes on the weekend."
McVeigh studied every conceivable Army manual, including the Ranger
Handbook, the Special Forces Handbook, and the Improvised Munitions Handbook.
But press reports [portrayed] McVeigh as a mad bomber:
McVeigh's love of guns and explosives stood out even in the Army,
where gun lovers abound. In the first weeks of basic training, when soldiers
learn to make explosives, recalled platoon mate Fritz Curnutte, McVeigh boasted
to fellow soldiers that he already knew how to make a powerful bomb using a
bottle, then told them how to make a Molotov cocktail.
According to Warnement, such knowledge is not unusual for the more
serious soldiers, who routinely studied manuals on survival, evasion,
resistance and escape, and improvised munitions. "You have to remember," said
Warnement, "at that time, we were training to fight the Russians in Western
Europe and it was expected the Red Army would probably break through our lines
almost immediately. We were encouraged to learn how to improvise. Our
survivability on the battlefield would likely depend on our skills in
Although McVeigh's military record makes no mention of formal
demolitions training, in her book, By Blood Betrayed, Lana Padilla calls
McVeigh a "former Army demolitions expert." But Sheffield Anderson, who served
with McVeigh since basic training said "He had the same training that the rest
of the outfit had."
The only thing that differentiated McVeigh from the rest of the outfit
was his dedication and commitment to the military. "He played the military 24
hours a day, seven days a week," said Curnutte. "All of us thought it was
silly. When they'd call for down time, we'd rest, and he'd throw on a rucksack
and walk around the post with it."
This "silliness" led to McVeigh making sergeant ahead of the rest of his
unit. "It was unusual to have sergeant stripes so soon," said Reiger. "The rest
of us in the Cohort [unit] were specialists," a non-supervisory rank similar to
In fact, after the bombing, when McVeigh's records and test scores were
shown to a master sergeant without revealing his identity, he stated that the
subject "would make a great infantry officer, tanker, artillery officer or
combat engineer." His electronic aptitude, said another official, qualified him
for "repairing satellite communications." "He has a very high IQ," said a
federal source familiar with the suspect's military record. In fact, McVeigh was rated among the
top 5 percent in combat arms.
McVeigh rented a three-bedroom house in the spring of 1991 in Herrington
with Corporal John Kelso and Sergeant Rick Cerney. But the arrangement was not
a comfortable one for McVeigh, and he soon moved into another house which he
shared with Sgt. Royal Wilcher, who served with McVeigh in the Bradley.
The Times quoted members of the McVeigh's unit claiming that he
had no close friends. "He kept to himself," said Robert Handa. "He was a
dedicated soldier. He loved being a soldier. I didn't. So after duty hours he'd
stay in the barracks while everybody else took off, go out to town. I never saw
him go anywhere. He always had a highly pressed uniform." Reiger recalls that
McVeigh had a TV and a VCR and stayed in and watched movies, or occasionally
"The whole thing is," said John Kelso, who shared a house off-base with
McVeigh and fellow soldier Richard Cerney, "he couldn't have a good time."
"He was very shy of women — almost embarrassed," said Anderson. "It
didn't seem he was gay. He was just awkward." McVeigh disputed this analysis in
his April 15th Time interview, stating:
"I don't think there is any way to narrow my personality down and
label it as one thing or another. I'm just like anyone else. Movies I enjoy,
comedies, sci fi. The big misconception is that I'm a loner. Well, I believe in
having my own space. But that in no way means I'm a loner. I like women, social
McVeigh became friends with bombing suspect Michael Fortier while
stationed at Fort Riley. He and Fortier would occasionally go shooting together
at a friend's farm near Tuttle Creek Lake, and stop by and visit Terry Nichols
at his house near the base.
The press was quick to pick up on McVeigh owning lots of guns he kept
hidden around his house. According to Wilcher, "He had a couple in the kitchen,
a couple in the living room under the couch. I think there was one in the
bathroom, behind the towels. As you go up the steps there was a little ledge
and he kept one in there too, a .38 revolver." "I don't know if he was paranoid
or what," added Wilcher. "Or maybe he had some friends that were after him. I
According to an account in USA Today and the Times,
McVeigh and Nichols, who by now were pretty far along in their
"anti-government" beliefs, attempted to recruit other military personnel for a
militia that Nichols was purportedly starting. Nichols reportedly told at least
one fellow soldier that he'd be back to Fort Riley after his discharge to
recruit new men, and McVeigh's co-worker at Burns Security, Carl Lebron, would
later tell the FBI that McVeigh was always trying to "recruit him into an
According to Dave Dilly, one of McVeigh's roommates, McVeigh rented a
storage locker in Junction City, stocked with weapons, military meals (MREs),
and a 100-gallon jug of water — in case of disaster or a Communist
"He was halfway there when I knew him," said Dilly, referring to
McVeigh's Patriot beliefs. During McVeigh's tenure at Burns Security, McVeigh
would inundate his co-workers with Patriot literature, such as the
Spotlight, articles and videos on Ruby Ridge and Waco, and books such as
For his part, McVeigh says, "If you had to label what I think, then I
would say I am closest to the views of the Patriot movement," McVeigh told the
London Sunday Times. "For a long time, I thought it was best not to talk
about my political views, he added, "but millions share them, and I believe it
is gravely wrong that I should allow the government to try and crucify me just
for believing what I do."
Interestingly, McVeigh would tell his friend Carl Lebron, who shared
some of McVeigh's beliefs, "All the reading you do is just a hobby. You stamp
your feet, but you're not doing anything."
Another issue the media focused on were race problems in Charlie
Company, and with McVeigh in particular. Regier told the Post that
McVeigh was criticized for assigning undesirable work to black soldiers, making
black specialists sweep out the motor pool, work that would have ordinarily
gone to privates. Other soldiers said he made derogatory remarks about blacks.
"It was pretty well known, pretty much throughout the platoon, that he was
making the black specialists do that work," said Regier. "He was a racist. When
he talked he'd mention those words, like nigger. You pretty much knew he was a
racist." The black soldiers complained to a company commander and McVeigh was
reprimanded, the only time he ever got into trouble according to Regier.
Dilly said that "Race was an issue, like everywhere in America, but not
one that affected anyone's promotion. McVeigh picked the best man for the
Yet the McCurtain Gazette discovered that McVeigh held membership
in the Ku Klux Klan. Apparently, he boasted that it was personally approved by
Thom Robb, the KKK's national chaplain. "He was a very racist person," said
"Charlie Company as a whole had a problem with race," said Captain Terry
Guild, who served briefly as McVeigh's platoon commander after the Gulf War.
"There was graffiti on the walls of the barracks' bathroom: 'Nigger' or 'Honky,
Get Out.' They were mild incidents. If a problem was identified, a leader in
Charlie Company wouldn't let it happen again if he saw it. But it was
definitely a problem in the company. And his platoon had some of the most
serious race problems. It was pretty bad."
In spite of such interpersonal or racial difficulties, most of the
platoon held McVeigh in high esteem for his soldiering abilities. "He could
command soldiers of his own rank and they respected him," said Barner. "When it
came to soldiering, McVeigh knew what he was doing."
"If we ever went to war," said Edwards, "every one of us wanted to go to
war with McVeigh." 
During the summer of 1989, after returning from a week-long orientation
session in Heidelberg with the West German Army, or Bundeswehr, McVeigh decided
to try out for the Army Special Forces. To the young sergeant who had long
desired to be a member of the Army's elite, the Special Forces provided the
chance. It also provided McVeigh an opportunity to graduate from the COHORT
unit. Yet the physical requirements to even qualify for the Special Forces are
among the toughest in the military. Requirements include swimming 50 meters
with full gear; 42 push-ups in two minutes; 52 sit-ups in two minutes; and
running two miles in less than 15 minutes 54 seconds. To pass the grueling
tests, McVeigh began training vigorously in the summer of 1989, working out
constantly, and forcing himself to march 10 miles with 100 pound packs. By the
summer of 1990, he had passed the Special Forces physical fitness test, and was
ordered to report to Fort Bragg, NC on November 17 to begin the Special Forces
Assessment and Selection Course (SFAS). Towards the end of 1990, McVeigh
reinlisted for another four years. 
Yet McVeigh's dream of becoming a Green Beret would have to wait. On
November 8th, with the conflict in the Persian Gulf coming to a head, the
Pentagon canceled all leaves and training assignments. McVeigh's unit was
activated for deployment. Although he was the consummate military man, the
gung-ho soldier, McVeigh was against the decision to go to war. "McVeigh did
not think the United States had any business or interest in Kuwait," said
Warnement, "but he was a good soldier. He knew it was his duty to go where he
was told, and he went." He was promoted to sergeant on February 1, 1991.
Unlike the steely-eyed killer the press have painted him to be, McVeigh
was as scared as the rest of the platoon. "The night before the ground war
kicked off, he was saying he was scared because we were going to be part of the
first wave," Anderson recalled. "He was scared we weren't going to come out of
it. Maybe we would get shot, blown up. It wasn't cowardly. He was just
concerned. I was feeling the same way, but most people didn't express
On February 24, 1990, the 2nd Battalion was ordered across the southern
Iraqi desert to punch a hole in Iraqi defenses — a line of dug-in infantry
supported by tanks and artillery. McVeigh's platoon was attached to the
"Ironhorse" tank company, and McVeigh's Bradley was the lead track in the
platoon. McVeigh, the "top gun," took out an enemy tank on the first day with a
The "Ironhorse" protected units clearing the trenches. Using tanks and
trucks equipped with plows, the U.S. forces would follow behind the Bradleys,
burying the Iraqis dead or alive, to create a smooth crossing point for the
infantry and avoid having to engage the enemy in hand-to-hand combat.
McVeigh's moment of glory came when his platoon encountered a dug-in
enemy machine-gun emplacement and came under fire. McVeigh brought his 25mm
cannon to bear on the chest of an enemy soldier 1,000 yards away, and took his
head off with one shot. He followed up with a similar shot, which was followed
by the raising of a white flag and the raising of more than 60 hands into the
For his role in the battle, McVeigh was awarded an Army Commendation
Medal which read in part: "He inspired other members of his squad and platoon
by destroying an enemy machine-gun emplacement, killing two Iraqi soldiers and
forcing the surrender of 30 others from dug-in positions." McVeigh also earned
a Commendation medal with an upgrade for valor, two Army Achievement medals,
and the Bronze Star "for flawless devotion to duty."
This "flawless devotion to duty" resulted in McVeigh's unit being
invited to provide personal security for General "Stormin' Norman"
A much-hackneyed phrase attributed to Sergeant James Ives, which the
media like to play over and over again was, "If he was given a mission and a
target, it's gone." Yet Roger Barnett, who served in McVeigh's Bradley, told
the Times that McVeigh never expressed any desire to kill troops who
were surrendering and never seemed bloodthirsty in any way.
[Yet the Times' preordained slant on McVeigh was clearly evident.
While others in his outfit "served" during the Gulf War, McVeigh "killed
One story which appeared in Media Bypass [but predictably never
made it into the mainstream press,] recounts how McVeigh saved an accident
victim's life on a lonely stretch of highway. The man had been ejected from his
overturned car and lay semi-conscious and bleeding. A passing semi had stopped
but was unable to find him as he lay in the darkness 50 yards away. McVeigh,
who was on his way to his home town of Pendelton, had recently finished a
46-hour medical aid course at Fort Riley. Against regulations, he had taken his
Combat Lifesaver Pack with him on the 1200-mile drive. As he came upon the
scene, McVeigh saw that an EMS (Emergency Medical Service) crew had not yet
arrived. Trained in night vision techniques, McVeigh the soldier quickly
spotted the injured motorist in the grass along the median strip. Following is
an excerpt from the Media Bypass article:
The victim recalls that the soldier was confident, quiet and
efficient. To centralize his circulation, he elevated the man's undamaged limbs
and warned him to be calm to avoid going into shock. He checked his pulse and
flashed a small penlight across his pupils. The man, who only moments earlier
was convinced he was going to die, shivered in the dark and started laughing.
He told the tall young stranger he was never going to buy another Chevy Blazer
The soldier smiled as he rolled up the victim's right sleeve and
inserted the needle to start a saline IV into his veins. "You've lost a lot of
blood and you risk going into shock. This is an IV to help stabilize you and
keep your fluids going. Relax. You'll be fine," he told him. He placed the
clear plastic IV bag under the man's hip and checked his pulse again.
In the distance, an ambulance siren screamed over the sound of the
truck engines as Timothy James McVeigh quickly packed up his Army issue trauma
kit and disappeared into the night. The responding EMS crew told the state
police officer who arrived at the accident minutes later that they had never
come upon such a potentially deadly crash to find a severely injured man
relaxed and laughing, neatly bandaged with an IV dangling from his arm.
In a flurry of articles, mainstream media painted McVeigh as a
psychotic, attention-seeking loner with a grudge against the government and a
hatred of humanity. A man with "a stunted personality," who led a "tortured
path," "obsessed with weapons" and with "deep-rooted feelings of inadequacy."
When the press couldn't find evidence of overt violence or hostility, his noted
politeness and manners suddenly became evidence his of his psychosis. "It is a
personality that a Seattle forensic psychiatrist, Kenneth Muscatel, has
described as the "Smerdyakov Syndrome," announced the Times, "after the
scorned half-brother in Dostoyevsky's Brothers Karamazov who listens to
the other brothers inveigh against their father until, finally, he commits
McVeigh was painted as a sociopath when Lana Padilla, in her book, By
Blood Betrayed, hinting that McVeigh may have been responsible for the
death of 26-month-old Jason Torres Nichols — Terry and Marife's son —
who accidentally suffocated to death in a plastic bag in November of
1993. Yet Padilla included a
photo in her book of McVeigh laughing and playing with the little boy. And
according to Terry Nichols, McVeigh had tried to revive the infant for nearly
half an hour, and had called the paramedics — a response apparently
out-of-character with the actions of a deranged sociopathic killer.
Captain Jesus Rodriguez, who commanded McVeigh during Desert Storm,
described him as a friend who was "really compassionate" and "really cared"
when Rodriguez's brother-in-law died in an accident.
Further evidence of McVeigh's humanity can be found in a letter he wrote
to the Lockport Union-Sun & Journal on March 10, 1992: (See appendix
for full text)
To buy your meat in a store seems so innocent, but have you ever seen
or thought how it comes to be wrapped up so neatly in cellophane?
First, cattle live their entire lives penned up in cramped quarters,
never allowed to roam freely, bred for one purpose when their time has
The technique that I have personally seen is to take cattle, line them
up side by side with their heads and necks protruding over a low fence, and
walk from one end to the other, slitting their throats with either machete or
power saw. Unable to run or move, they are left there until they bleed to
death, standing up.
Would you rather die while living happily or die while leading a
miserable life? You tell me which is more "humane."
Does a "growing percentage of the public" have any pity or respect for
any of the animals which are butchered and then sold in the store? Or is it
just so conveniently "clean" that a double standard is
The mainstream press twisted the context of McVeigh's letter. In his
[book], A Force Upon the Plain, author Kenneth Stern writes: "McVeigh
said he thought a human being was, by nature, 'a hunter, a predator.' He also
asked: 'Is civil war imminent? Do we have to shed blood to reform the current
system?'" Stern takes two
unrelated letters written by McVeigh, then craftily combines them to suggest
that the humane killing of animals is actually part and parcel of McVeigh's
bloodthirsty desire to kill human beings.
Reality paints a much different picture of Timothy James McVeigh
however. In February of 1996, Ron Rice and Carol Moore of the American Board of
Forensic Examiners were asked to produce a profile of McVeigh's personality
based on a handwriting analysis. Both Rice and Moore characterized
McVeigh as an introverted person — what they term an "Apollonian"
personality — "a steady, unemotional, organized individual who [is] not
devoid of emotion/passion, but more apt to value reason over passion." Like
Sheffield Anderson, who described McVeigh as a "thinking type person," the
examiners stated that McVeigh was "head-oriented." "They tend to be distrustful
of feeling in the belief that following one's feelings can lead to trouble,"
the report stated. "Rarely, will he allow his emotional expressions to be
directed at another person out of fear of hurting them…."
The report concluded with the observation that Timothy McVeigh "is a
military man… his heart and soul belongs to the military of the U.S.
Government. In a non-military environment, McVeigh will not undertake any form
of overt hostility that will be harmful to others or dangerous to
himself…. It is not logical that he would undertake any action against our
government in which others would be hurt or killed. To do so would violate
everything he stands for."
In April of 1991, McVeigh put his heart and soul into his long-awaited
dream of becoming a Green Beret. On March 28 he reported to Camp McCall, the
Special Forces Assessment and Selection (SFAS) training facility west of Fort
Bragg, for the grueling 21-day assessment course. But McVeigh, who had kept
himself in top shape by doing 400 push-ups a day and marching around the post
with a 100 pound pack was now out of shape and he knew it. The Bradley gunner
who had served in the Persian Gulf for four months was also drained from the
stress of combat.
As the recruits stood at attention, the instructor asked several of the
recently returned war veterans if they wanted to return to their unit to get
back in shape. One of the soldiers yelled that they were ready, so out of a
sense of gung-ho pride, nobody backed out.
The first day of testing was devoted to psychological screening. McVeigh
claims he had no problem with the psychological tests, which included the Adult
Personality Inventory, the Minnesota Multiple Phase Personality Test, and a
sentence completion exam designed by Army psychologists.
The second day of tests began with an obstacle course which McVeigh
passed with ease. After lunch, the recruits were led on a high-speed march with
50 pound rucksacks. Yet new boots tore into McVeigh's feet during the five mile
march, and with the worst yet to come, he and another recruit, David Whitmyer,
decided to drop out. McVeigh signed a Voluntary/Involuntary Withdrawal from the
SFAS school. His single sentence explanation read: "I am not physically ready,
and the rucksack march hurt more than it should."
The mainstream press jumped on his initial failure to make the Special
Forces. He was "unable to face the failure" stated the New York Times.
"He washed out on the second day."
"There were no second chances," claimed the Washington Post. "His
spirit was broken."
These reports suggested that McVeigh had failed the psychological
screening tests. "Military officials said that preliminary psychological
screening had shown him to be unfit," lauded the ever-wise voice of the New
York Times. "[He] saw his cherished hope of becoming a Green Beret
shattered by psychological tests." "It was apparently a blow so crushing
that he quit the Army and went into a psychic tailspin."
Media pundits quickly backed up their armchair analyses' with statements
from several of McVeigh's former buddies.
"Anyone who puts all that effort into something and doesn't get it would
be mentally crushed," said Roger Barnett, the driver of McVeigh's Bradley. "He
wasn't the same McVeigh. He didn't go at things the way he normally did….
He didn't have the same drive. He didn't have his heart in the military
"He always wanted to do better than everyone," said Captain Terry Guild,
"and that (Green Berets) was his way of trying to do it. He took a lot of flak.
He was really down on himself."
McVeigh claimed "That's a bunch of bunk," in response to the
allegations. "Any realist knows that if you develop blisters on the second
day… you're not going to make it." [Still, the self-styled psychoanalysts
of the mainstream press made much of his disappointment, asserting knowingly
that it was the crux of McVeigh's "burgeoning torment."]
[Apparently, the "psychojournalists" at the Times had never
bothered to check with officials at the SFAS school. "McVeigh dropped out of
the course on the second day," said Colonel Ken McGraw, Information Officer at
the Special Operations Command at Fort Bragg. "His psychological test work
would not have even been graded yet."]
According to McVeigh's attorney Stephen Jones, his Army records indicate
that his SFAS psychological tests weren't graded until April of 1995. The
"military official" who leaked the story about McVeigh's "psychological test
failure" turned out to be none other than FBI Agent John R. Hersley, who
testified to this repeatedly during the Federal Grand Jury hearings.
Apparently, Hersley never told the grand jurors that he was moonlighting as an
Although McVeigh may have been genuinely disappointed by his initial
failure, he added that the school's commander had invited the decorated war
veteran to try out again whenever he felt he was ready. It seems McVeigh was
not too disappointed to score a perfect 1,000 points during a Bradley gunner
competition six months later at Fort Riley, earning him another Army
commendation and the honor of the division's "Top Gun," a rare achievement. An
Army evaluation also rated him "among the best" in leadership potential and an
"inspiration to young soldiers."
Yet in spite of McVeigh's achievements, "a bit of doubt started to
surface" in his mind about a potential for a career in the military. Although a friend said "I swear to God
he could have been Sergeant Major of the Army — he was that good of a
soldier," McVeigh apparently was having second thoughts. Most of these, his
Army buddies said, stemmed from the military's downsizing then in progress. He
also confided to his friend Dave Dilly that without being a Green Beret, the
Army wouldn't be worth the effort. "I think he felt he got a raw deal, and
wanted out," said Littleton.
Given McVeigh's achievements — his quick rise to sergeant, his
medals of commendation, the distinction of being "Top Gun," and the extremely
high praise of his superiors, one has to wonder what his real motives were. It
seems highly unlikely that given the massive effort he put into his military
career, he would take an early out on such presumptive pretenses. McVeigh was a
spit and polish soldier with a top notch record. He was totally devoted to the
military. He had served in combat, earning several medals. If anything he was
due for his next promotion. The commander of the Special Forces school had even
invited him to try out again in a few months. As Sheffield Anderson said, "He
seemed destined for a brilliant career in the military."
These observations were backed up by McVeigh's sister Jennifer. "I
thought it was going to be his career. He was definitely a career military
type. That was his life, you know. His life revolved around that."
It hardly seems likely that the ambitious soldier who had recently
signed on for another four year hitch would opt out so easily. Yet, on December
31, 1991, Sergeant McVeigh took an early discharge from the Army, and went back
to his home town of Pendleton, NY.
To fulfill his military obligation, McVeigh signed on with the Army
National Guard in Buffalo, where he landed a job as a security guard with Burns
International Security. McVeigh was assigned to the night shift, guarding the
grounds of Calspan Research, a defense contractor that conducts classified
research in advanced aerospace rocketry and electronic warfare.
In a manner mirroring his conduct in the service, McVeigh became the
consummate security guard. Calspan spokesman Al Salandra told reporters that
McVeigh was "a model employee." Yet according to media accounts, McVeigh had
lost his confidence… and his cool.
"Timmy was a good guard," said former Burns supervisor Linda Haner-Mele.
"He was "always there prompt, clean and neat. His only quirk," according to
Mele, "was that he couldn't deal with people. If someone didn't cooperate with
him, he would start yelling at them, become verbally aggressive. He could be
set off easily.
According to an article in the Post, co-workers at a Niagara
Falls convention center where he was assigned described him as "emotionally
spent, veering from passivity to volcanic anger." An old friend said he looked
"like things were really weighing on him."
"Timmy just wasn't the type of person who could initiate action," said
Mele. "He was very good if you said, 'Tim watch this door — don't let
anyone through.' The Tim I knew couldn't have masterminded something like this
and carried it out himself. It would have had to have been someone who said:
'Tim, this is what you do. You drive the truck….'"
Mele's account directly contradicts the testimony of Sergeant Chris
Barner and former Private Ray Jimboy, both of whom served with McVeigh at Fort
Riley, and claimed that he was a natural leader. Backing up Jimboy was McVeigh's friend
and Calspan co-worker, Carl Lebron, who described McVeigh as "intelligent and
engaging — the sort of person who could be a leader."
Mele's testimony also contradicts McVeigh's service record, which rated
him "among the best" in leadership potential and an "inspiration to young
soldiers." "He had a lot of
leadership ability inside himself," said Barner…. He had a lot of self
Apparently, "Something happened to Tim McVeigh between the time he left
the Army and now," said Captain Terry Guild.
"He didn't really carry himself like he came out of the military," said
Mele. "He didn't stand tall with his shoulders back. He kind of slumped over."
She recalled him as silent, expressionless, with lightness eyes, but subject to
explosive fits of temper. "That guy didn't have an expression 99 percent of the
time," she added. "He was cold."
Colonel David Hackworth, an Army veteran who interviewed McVeigh for
Newsweek, concluded that McVeigh was suffering from a "postwar
hangover." "I've seen countless veterans, including myself, stumble home after
the high-noon excitement of the killing fields, missing their battle buddies
and the unique dangers and sense of purpose," wrote Hackworth. "Many lose
Although such symptoms may be seen as a delayed reaction syndrome
resulting from the stress of battle, they are also common symptoms of
mind-control. The subject of mind-control or hypnosis often seems emotionally
spent, as though he had been through a harrowing ordeal.
While visiting friends in Decker, Michigan, McVeigh complained that the
Army had implanted him with a miniature subcutaneous transmitter, so that they
could keep track of him. He
complained that it left an unexplained scar on his buttocks and was painful to
To the public, unfamiliar with the bewildering lexicon of government
mind-control research, such a claim may appear as the obvious rantings of a
paranoiac. But is it?
Miniaturized telemetrics have been part of an ongoing project by the
military and various intelligence agencies to test the effectiveness of
tracking soldiers on the battlefield. The miniature implantable telemetric
device was declassified long ago. As far back as 1968, Dr. Stuart Mackay, in
his textbook entitled Bio-Medical Telemetry, reported, "Among the many
telemetry instruments being used today, are miniature radio transmitters that
can be swallowed, carried externally, or surgically implanted in man or animal.
They permit the simultaneous study of behavior and physiological
Dr. Carl Sanders, one of the developers of the Intelligence Manned
Interface (IMI) biochip, maintains, "We used this with military personnel in
the Iraq War where they were actually tracked using this particular type of
It is also interesting to note that the Calspan Advanced Technology
Center in Buffalo (Calspan ATC), where McVeigh worked, is engaged in
microscopic electronic engineering of the kind applicable to
telemetrics. Calspan was
founded in 1946 as Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, which included the "Fund
for the Study of Human Ecology," a CIA conduit for mind-control experiments by
émigré Nazi scientists [and others under the direction of CIA
Doctors Sidney Gottlieb, Ewen Cameron, and Louis Jolyn West].
According to mind-control researcher Alex Constantine, "Calspan places
much research emphasis on bioengineering and artificial intelligence (Calspan
pioneered in the field in the 1950s)." In his article, "The Good Soldier,"
Human tracking and monitoring technology are well within Calspan's
sphere of pursuits. The company is instrumental in REDCAP, an Air Force
electronic warfare system that winds through every Department of Defense
facility in the country. A Pentagon release explains that REDCAP "is used to
evaluate the effectiveness of electronic-combat hardware, techniques, tactics
and concepts." The system "includes closed-loop radar and data links at RF
manned data fusion and weapons control posts." One Patriot computer news board
reported that a disembodied, rumbling, low-frequency hum had been heard across
the country the week of the bombing. Past hums in Taos, NM, Eugene and Medford,
OR, Timmons, Ontario and Bristol, UK were most definitely (despite specious
official denials) attuned to the brain's auditory pathways….
The Air Force is among Calspan's leading clients, and Eglin AFB has
farmed key personnel to the company. The grating irony — recalling
McVeigh's contention he'd been implanted with a telemetry chip — is that
the Instrumentation Technology Branch of Eglin Air Force Base is currently
engaged in the tracking of mammals with subminiature telemetry devices.
According to an Air Force press release, the biotelemetry chip transmits on the
upper S-band (2318 to 2398 MHz), with up to 120 digital
There is nothing secret about the biotelemetry chip. Ads for commercial
[albeit somewhat simpler] versions of the device have appeared in national
publications. Time magazine ran an ad for an implantable pet transceiver
in its June 26, 1995 issue — ironically enough — opposite an article
about a militia leader who was warning about the coming New World Order. While
monitoring animals has been an unclassified scientific pursuit for decades, the
monitoring of humans has been a highly classified project which is but a subset
of the Pentagon's "nonlethal" arsenal. As Constantine notes, "the dystopian
implications were explored by Defense News for March 20, 1995:
Naval Research Lab Attempts To Meld Neurons And Chips: Studies May
Produce Army of "Zombies."
Future battles could be waged with genetically engineered organisms,
such as rodents, whose minds are controlled by computer chips engineered with
living brain cells.... The research, called Hippocampal Neuron Patterning,
grows live neurons on computer chips. "This technology that alters neurons
could potentially be used on people to create zombie armies," Lawrence Korb, a
senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, said.
It's conceivable, given the current state of the electronic
mind-control art, a biocybernetic Oz over the black budget rainbow, that
McVeigh had been drawn into an experimental project, that the device was the
The Defense Department newsletter may have been discussing is the
successor to the "Stimoceiver," developed in the late 1950s by Dr. Joseph
Delgado and funded by the CIA and the Office of Naval Research. The Stimoceiver
is a tiny transceiver implanted in the head of a control subject, which can
then be used to modify emotions and control behavior.
According to Delgado, "Radio Stimulation of different points in the
amygdala and hippocampus [areas of the brain] in the four patients produced a
variety of effects, including pleasant sensations, elation, deep, thoughtful
concentration, odd feelings, super relaxation, colored visions, and other
responses.... One of the possibilities with brain transmitters is to influence
people so that they confirm with the political system. Autonomic and somatic
functions, individual and social behavior, emotional and mental reactions may
be invoked, maintained, modified, or inhibited, both in animals and in man, by
stimulation of specific cerebral structures. Physical control of many brain
functions is a demonstrated fact. It is even possible to follow intentions, the
development of thought and visual experiences."
As Constantine points out, the military has a long and sordid history of
using enlisted men and unwitting civilians for its nefarious experiments,
ranging from radiation, poison gas, drugs and mind-control, to spraying entire
U.S. cities with bacteriological viruses to test their effectiveness. The most
recent example involves the use of experimental vaccines tested on Gulf War
veterans who are currently experiencing bizarre symptoms, not the least of
which is death. When attorneys representing the former soldiers requested their
military medical files, they discovered there was no record of the vaccines
ever being administered.
Timothy McVeigh may have unkowningly been an Army/CIA guinea pig
involved in a classified telemetric/mind-control project — a "Manchurian
Recent history is replete with cases of individuals who calmly walk into
a restaurant, schoolyard, or post office and inexplicably begin shooting large
numbers of people, as though they were in a trance. What appear like gruesome
but happenstance events to the casual observer raises red flags to those
familiar with CIA "sleeper" mind-control experiments. Such cases may be
indicative of mind-control experiments gone horribly wrong.
A recent case occurred in Tasmania, where Martin Bryant calmly walked
around a tourist site in May of 1996 methodically shooting and killing over 35
people. Interestingly, Bryant was in possession of an assault rifle that had
been handed in to police in Victoria as part of a gun amnesty program, but
mysteriously wound up in Bryant's hands before the massacre.
[An anti-social loner, Bryant had also recently returned from a solitary
two-week trip to the U.S., ostensibly to visit "Disneyland." Australian Customs
agents noticed he carried no luggage, and was acting strangely. They took him
to the hospital to be examined as a possible drug courier, but found nothing.
Had Bryant actually visited Disneyland, or had he visited a different type of
playground — one inhabited by the mind-control masters of the CIA?
In the wake of the massacre, Australia underwent wholesale gun
confiscation of its citizenry. Not surprisingly, Australia and New Zealand have
long served as a playground for the CIA, who reportedly played a major role in
the overthrow of Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam, directed from the
CIA's super-secret Pine Gap facility. It has also been reported that the CIA
has been testing subliminal TV transmissions to influence the outcome of
As in Bryant's case, many of these bizarre killers meekly surrender to
authorities after their sprees. When he was stopped by State Trooper Charles
Hanger for a missing license plate, McVeigh was carrying a loaded Glock 9mm
pistol. Although he could have easily shot and killed the officer, McVeigh
informed him that he was carrying a concealed weapon, then meekly handed
himself over for arrest. Why does a man who has just allegedly killed 169
innocent people, balk at killing a cop on a lonely stretch of highway? [This
suggests that either McVeigh was innocent, was acting under orders by some
branch of the government, or was under some form of mind-control.]
After McVeigh's arrest in Noble County, Assistant Attorney General Mark
Gibson stated, "There stood a polite young man who gave polite, cooperative
answers to every question. It was like the dutiful soldier," Gibson said.
"Emotions don't come into play, right and wrong don't come into play. What
happens next doesn't come into play… his mood was so level, it was
unnatural. I looked at him and realized I felt no repulsion or fear. It was
like there was an absence of feeling. He exuded nothing."
Charles Hanger, the officer who arrested McVeigh, related his account to
Gibson, who told the Times, "And when he grabbed his gun and there was
no reaction, no shock, that didn't seem right, either."
This "absence of feeling" among a man who had just allegedly committed a
heinous crime may well have been indicative of a psychologically controlled
agent — or "sleeper" agent — a person trained to carry out a
preconceived order upon command. Such an individual could conceivably carry out
a horrendous crime, then have no recollection of the event. Far from the stuff
of spy novels or conspiracy theories, sleeper agents have been developed and
used by intelligence agencies for decades.
[The CIA's interest in mind control originally dates back to WWII when
the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), under Stanley Lovell, developed the
idea of hypnotizing German prisoners to re-infiltrate the Third Reich and
assassinate Adolph Hitler. After the war, the OSS, re-formed as the CIA,
brought Nazi doctors and scientists to work for them under the cover of
Operation PAPERCLIP. Some of these included war criminals spirited away through
Nazi-Vatican "Ratlines" under the aegis of Operation OMEGA, conveniently
missing their day in court at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal. Their
colleagues wound up in Central and South America, drained from the best of Nazi
blood under Operation VAMPIRE.]
The CIA's plunge into the netherworld of mind-control began in 1950 with
Project BLUEBIRD, authorized by Allen Dulles after it was discovered that
recently released Korean War prisoners had been subjected to hypnosis. In 1952,
BLUEBIRD was re-named Operation ARTICHOKE, under the authority of Deputy CIA
Director Richard Helms, and coordinated by CIA Security Officer Shefield
[By the late 1950s, the military was well on its way to investigating
the potential for "brainwashing," a term coined by the CIA's Edward Hunter to
explain the experience of American POWs in Korea. In 1958 the Rand Corporation
produced a report for the Air Force entitled "The Use of Hypnosis in
Intelligence and Related Military Situations," stating that "In defense
applications, subjects can ce specifically selected by a criterion of
hypnotizability, and subsequently trained in accordance with their anticipated
Taking the Hippocratic Oath on behalf of the CIA for ARTICHOKE was Dr.
Sidney Gottlieb, mind-control emeritus of the CIA's Technical Services Division
(TSS), the real-life counterpart to the mythical "Q-Branch" of Ian Fleming
fame. TSS was engaged developing the usual James Bond spy toys — miniature
cameras, shooting fountain pens, and, under the tutelage of Dr. Gottlieb,
poisons that could kill in seconds, leaving no trace. With Operation ARTICHOKE
however, the CIA broadened its horizons into the realm of psychological
warfare. ARTICHOKE was one of the CIA's later-day attempts to create an
electronically-controlled Manchurian Candidate.
In the 1950s, under the code name MKULTRA, the CIA set up safe houses in
San Francisco and other cities where they performed experiments on unwitting
subjects using LSD and other drugs. In 1960, Edwards recruited ex-FBI agent
Robert Maheu, who approached Mob bosses Sam Giancana and John Rosselli to form
CIA hit-teams to assassinate foreign leaders using the techniques acquired by
Gottlieb's TSS. [The first on their list was Cuban leader Fidel Castro, who
they planned to assassinate by poisoning his food and even his cigars. The work
of Gottlieb and his CIA associates can be traced directly back to Nazi war
criminals such as Dr. Joseph Mengele of Auschwitz.]
By 1963, reported the Senate Intelligence Committee, the number of
operations and subjects had increased substantially. But as far back as 1960,
TSS officials, working along with the Counterintelligence staff, had expanded
their hypnosis programs to coincide with their MKULTRA experiments. According
to John Marks in his book The Search for the Manchurian Candidate, "the
Counterintelligence program had three goals: (1) to induce hypnosis very
rapidly in unwitting subjects; (2) to create durable amnesia; and (3) to
implant durable and operationally useful posthypnotic suggestion."
By 1966, MKULTRA had spawned Operation MKSEARCH, the use of biological,
chemical, and radiological substances to induce psychological and physiological
changes in the CIA's victims. MKSEARCH spawned Operations OFTEN and CHICKWIT,
using biological, chemical, and radiological substances to induce psychological
and physiological changes. Operations THIRD CHANCE and DERBY HAT involved the
Army's Military Intelligence Group's (M.I.G.) surreptitious dosing of victims
in Europe and the Far East. MKDELTA, an offshoot of MKULTRA, involved spraying
massive doses of LSD and other drugs by the Army over areas inhabited by Viet
[The preeminent don of the CIA's psychological warfare program was Dr.
Louis Jolyn West. As part of his MKULTRA experiments, West decided to send an
elephant at the Oklahoma City Zoo on an LSD trip. Apparently, the poor creature
did not appreciate the effects of Dr. West's Magical Mystery Tour. It died
several hours later.
A close associate of Drs. Cameron and Gottlieb, West studied the use of
drugs as "adjuncts to interpersonal manipulation or assault," and was among one
of the pioneers of remote electronic brain experimentation, including
telemetric brain implants on unwitting subjects.
West's good friend, Aldous Huxley, suggested that he hypnotize his
subjects before administering LSD, in order to give them post-hypnotic
suggestions which would orient the drug-induced experience in a "desired
Interestingly, West was the psychiatrist who examined Jack Ruby, the
assassin of Lee Harvey Oswald. Ruby's assertion that an ultra-Right-wing cabal
was responsible for JFK's murder, and his refusal to admit insanity, led West
to conclude that he was paranoid and mentally ill. West placed Ruby on
anti-depressants, which did little to modify his claims of conspiracy. He died
of cancer two years later, claiming to the end that he had been injected with
cancerous biological material.
West also examined Sirhan Sirhan, a controlled hypo-patsy who allegedly
killed Robert F. Kennedy. Currently chairman of UCLA's Neuropsychiatric
Institute, West headed the American Psychological Association (APA) trauma
response team that rushed to Oklahoma City in the wake of the disaster.
I interviewed Dr. West by phone. While confirming that he had indeed
traveled to Oklahoma City with his team, the eminent psychiatrist made a
curious "Freudian Slip." When asked if he had examined McVeigh, he said, "No, I
haven't been asked to do that. I think his lawyer wouldn't want someone he
didn't trus… pick."
West nevertheless told me that someone from the FBI's Behavioral
Sciences unit would have interviewed McVeigh. In fact the FBI's Behavioral
Sciences unit did interview the prisoner. John Douglas of the FBI's
Psychological Profile Unit was later quoted in the Times as saying,
"This is an easily controlled and manipulated personality." What Douglas is
unwittingly confirming is that McVeigh was perfect material for the CIA's
psychological mind-control program.
By the late 1950s, many German or Eastern European émigrés
brought to work in the U.S. had been farmed out to universities such as
Cornell, UCLA, and Stanford… and to people like Dr. Ewen Cameron and Dr.
In the wake of the 1965 Watts riot, West proposed to then California
Governor Ronald Reagan a "Center for the Study and Reduction of Violence,"
which was to have included a psychosurgery unit for performing lobotomies, and
a seven-day-a-week, around-the-clock electro-shock room. Associates of Dr.
Cameron's, employed at the time in Nazi-run detention centers in South America,
would be called on to perform lobotomies on unsuspecting patients, with the
full approval of Governor Reagan.
One of the more brazen of the emerging coterie of brainwashing
enthusiasts, Cameron received his funding through the Rockefeller and
Gerschickter Foundations, which was channeled into the innocuous sounding
Society for the Investigation of Human Ecology at Cornell. Cameron performed
hundreds of lobotomies and electroshock treatments at the behest of the CIA on
unwitting patients in prisons and mental hospitals, and at his beloved Allen
Memorial Institute in Montreal.
It is interesting to note that McVeigh claimed he was subjected to
psychological torture while in prison. He was placed in a cell with a guard
watching him around the clock, who wasn't allowed to speak to him. The lights
in his cell were kept on 24-hours-a-day, depriving him of sleep — a
standard technique designed to break down a subject's psychological barriers.
Eventually, McVeigh called in a psychiatrist to help treat his anxiety — a
psychiatrist, perhaps, trained by Dr. Cameron.]
CIA psychiatrist Dr. Ewen Cameron was also the progenitor of "psychic
driving," a technique whereby the psychiatrist or controller repeatedly plays
back selected words or phrases to break down a person's psychological barriers
and open up his unconscious.
Such techniques would be eagerly incorporated into the CIA's program for
creating Manchurian Candidates — programmed hypno-killers who could be
unleashed at the behest of the Agency to kill upon command. An account of the
discussion surrounding the creation of a Manchurian Candidate is revealed by
JFK researcher Dick Russell in his book, The Man Who Knew Too Much:
In 1968, Dr. Joseph L. Bern of Virginia Polytechnic Institute
questioned authorities on hypnosis about whether the creation of a "Manchurian
Candidate" was really feasible. As Author Bowart recounted one expert's
response to Dr. Bernd: "I would say that a highly skilled hypnotist, working
with a highly susceptible subject, could possibly persuade the subject to kill
another human…" Another believed it was even possible, through
posthypnotic suggestion, to make a subject unable to recall such an act: "There
could be a conspiracy, but a conspiracy of which the principal was
This "psychic driving" appears to have impacted Sirhan Sirhan. Charles
McQuiston, a former Army intelligence officer who did a Psychological Stress
Evaluation of voice recordings of Sirhan, said, "I believe Sirhan was
brainwashed under hypnosis by the constant repetition of words like, 'You are
nobody, you're nothing, the American dream is gone'.… Somebody implanted
an idea, kill RFK, and under hypnosis the brainwashed Sirhan accepted
it." The accused assassin
insisted that he couldn't recall even the murder.
CIA contract agent Colonel William Bishop explained to Russell some of
the rudiments of the CIA's mind-control operations:
"There were any number of psychological or emotional factors involved
in peoples' selection. Antisocial behavior patterns, paranoia or the rudiments
of paranoia, and so on. But when they are successful with this programming
— or, for lack of a better term, indoctrination — they could take
John Doe and get this man to kill George and Jane Smith. He will be given all
the pertinent information as to their location, daily habits, etc. Then there
is a mental block put on this mission in his mind. He remembers nothing about
On March 3, 1964, CIA Director John McCone sent a memo to Secret Service
chief James Rowley stating that after his surgery at the hospital in Minsk,
[Russia], Oswald might have been "chemically or electronically
'controlled'… a sleeper agent. Subject spent 11 days hospitalized for a
minor ailment which should have required no more than three days
hospitalization at best."
Even J. Edgar Hoover told the Warren Commission, "Information came to me
indicating that there is an espionage training school outside of Minsk — I
don't know whether it is true — that he [Oswald] was trained at that
school to come back to this country to become what they call a 'sleeper,' that
is, a man who will remain dormant for three or four years and in case of
international hostilities rise up and be used."
[According to JFK researchers Art Ford and Lincoln Lawrence in their
book, Were We Controlled?, Lee Harvey Oswald was a programmed assassin
with a malfunctioning electrical implant in his brain. Herman Kimsey, A veteran Army
counterintelligence operative and former CIA official, told JFK researcher Hugh
MacDonald, "Oswald was programmed to kill…. Then the mechanism went on the
blink and Oswald became a dangerous toy without direction."]
The CIA's interest in producing the perfect programmed assassin took a
new bent, when in 1965, the Agency, in cooperation with the DoD, set up a
secret program for studying the effects of electromagnetic radiation, or
microwave (EM) weapons at the Army's Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)
at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. The project was inspired by the
Soviets, who had been dousing the American Embassy in Moscow with a lethal dose
of microwaves, causing many of its personnel to die from cancer.
Yet causing degenerative diseases was not the main goal of the DoD/CIA
EM weapons research, code named PANDORA. The spooks were interested in the
effects of microwaves on controlling a person's behavior. By 1973, both the
Americans and the Soviets were far along in their mind-control applications,
using technology such as pulsed microwave audiograms and acoustical telemetry
to create voices in a subject's mind, or erase his mind completely.]
Causing degenerative diseases was not the main goal of the DoD/CIA EM
weapons research, code named PANDORA. The spooks were interested in the effects
of microwaves on controlling a person's behavior. By 1973, both the Americans
and the Soviets were far along in their mind-control applications, using
technology such as pulsed microwave audiograms and acoustical telemetry to
create voices in a subject's mind, or erase his mind completely. With the advent of EM technology,
scientists could bypass the need for electrodes implanted in the brain, and
control their subjects directly. Lawrence described a technology called
RHIC-EDOM, or "Radio Hypnotic Intracerebral Control and Electronic Dissolution
of Memory." According to Lawrence:
It is the ultra-sophisticated application of post-hypnotic suggestion
triggered at will by radio transmission. It is a recurring state, re-induced
automatically at intervals by the same radio control. An individual is brought
under hypnosis. This can be done either with his knowledge — or without it
— by use of narco-hypnosis, which can be brought into play under many
guises. He is then programmed to perform certain actions and maintain certain
attitudes upon radio signal.
Lawrence went on to state that "through the use of radio-waves and
ultra-sonic signal tones… It in effect blocks memory of the
moment." "Such a device has
obvious applications in covert operations designed to drive a target crazy with
'voices' or deliver undetected instructions to a programmed assassin," states
Dr. Robert Becker.
Thane Eugene Cesar, a reported accomplice in the murder of Robert
Kennedy, held a vaguely-defined job at Lockheed, a CIA/PANDORA contractor.
Retired Lockheed engineer Jim Yoder told former FBI agent William Turner that
Cesar worked floating assignments in an "off-limits" area operated by the
CIA. The parallel is strikingly
similar to that of Timothy McVeigh, who worked at Calspan, another high-tech
military contractor engaged in top-secret telemetric work.
The preeminent don of CIA's psychological warfare program (MKULTRA), Dr.
Louis Jolyon "Jolly" West, sent an Oklahoma City Zoo elephant careening on a
massive LSD trip, triggering its death hours later. Studying the use of drugs
as "adjuncts to interpersonal manipulation or assault," Jolly West was among
the pioneers of remote electronic brain experimentation on unwitting subjects.
Aldous Huxley passed on the idea to West that he hypnotize subjects before
administering LSD, orienting drug-induced experience toward a "desired
West was given the job of examining Jack Ruby, Lee Harvey Oswald's
killer. Ruby's refusal to admit insanity, and his belief that a right-wing
cabal was responsible for JFK's murder, led West to conclude Ruby was mentally
ill, the proper candidate for anti-depressants. Ruby died of cancer two years
after the exam, claiming to have been injected with malignant biological
material. West also examined Sirhan Sirhan, [who may have been] a hypno-patsy
jailed for murdering Robert Kennedy.
On March 31, less than three weeks before the bombing, McVeigh appeared
at the Imperial Motel in Kingman. For the next 12 days, according to owner
Helmut Hofer, he just sat there, emerging only for meals or to pay his bill. He
had no visitors, made few phone calls, and barely disturbed the furnishings. No
one ever heard his television, and his car never moved from its spot
"That's the funny thing," said Hofer. "He didn't go out. He didn't make
phone calls. He didn't do anything. He just sat up there and brooded."
["He always had been a brooder…" added the Times, throwing a
bit of instant psychoanalysis on the situation.]
To Earline Roberts, the housekeeper at the Oak Cliff rooming house where
Oswald stayed just prior to the assassination, "Mr. Lee" probably seemed like a
brooder too, staying in his room, having no visitors and never
Yet it is unlikely that McVeigh simply rented a room at the Imperial for
12 days to brood. Like Oswald, McVeigh was probably told to wait somewhere
until he was contacted. Perhaps it was a pre-arranged date; perhaps he was
waiting for a phone call; or perhaps McVeigh was simply put on ice, waiting to
be activated by some sort of signal. It is possible McVeigh's anger at the
Federal Government was stoked by a more mysterious enemy, one that he couldn't
see or feel… but hear.
One of the most famous documented cases of "hearing voices" was that of
Dennis Sweeny, the student activist who shot and killed his mentor Allard
Lowenstein. Lowenstein, who marched in the 1964 Freedom Summer in Mississippi,
had campaigned for Robert Kennedy and Adlai Stevenson, and ran the National
Student Association before the CIA took over. Lowenstein, who was also friends
with CIA propagandist William F. Buckley, had attempted to prove that a great
conspiracy was responsible for the deaths of Martin Luther King and the
Kennedys. (At the time he was assassinated, he was helping Ted Kennedy win the
1980 presidential election.)
One fine day, Sweeny calmly walked into the middle of Rockefeller Center
and pumped seven bullets into his mentor. He then sat down, lit a cigarette,
and waited for the police to arrive. "Sweeny claimed that the CIA, with
Lowenstein's help, had implanted a telemetric chip in his head 15 years
earlier, and had made his life an unbearable torment. Voices were transmitted
through his dental work, he said, and he attempted to silence them by filing
down his false teeth. Sweeny blamed CIA "controllers" for his uncle's heart
attack and the assassination of San Francisco mayor George Moscone."
Moscone and City Supervisor Harvey Milk met their deaths at the hands
the infamous "Twinkie" assassin — former City Supervisor Dan White. White
earned the curious title due his attorney's novel defense — that his
client was under the influence of a heavy dose of sugar at the time of the
murders. More likely, White was under the influence of a heavy dose of
Like McVeigh, White had been in the military, serving a tour of duty in
Vietnam. After leaving the police department in 1972, White took an extended
vacation since known as White's "missing year."
"He broke all contact with friends and family. He kept no records of the
trip, purchased no travel tickets, did not use a credit card. He later
accounted for his mystery year by explaining that he'd worked a stint as a
security guard in Alaska."
White subsequently moved back to San Francisco, where joined the Fire
Department. Like McVeigh, White's work record was untarnished, though like the
enigmatic soldier, he was known to erupt in embarrassing temper tantrums. As
Constantine writes in The Good Soldier:
While campaigning for the Board of Supervisors, he spoke as if he was
"programmed," according to local labor leader Stan Smith. During Board
sessions, he was known to slip into spells of silence punctuated by
goose-stepping walks around the Supervisors' chambers.
One of the more recent cases of murder by suggestion was the
assassination of Naval Commander Edward J. Higgins. Higgins was shot five times
in the Pentagon parking lot by Carl Campbell, who claimed that the CIA had
implanted a microchip in him that controlled his mind.
To those who believe that such electronically-manipulated scenarios are
the stuff of fantasy, they should take note that no less than three support
groups currently exist in the U.S. to deal with the trauma of military and
intelligence agency brainwashing.
Yet the hypnosis and drugging of adults is not by far the worst example
of the CIA's nefarious efforts at developing programmed assassins. Other
efforts involve the use of children, programmed while they are still young (See
the "Finders" case), and the use of cults, often run by former military and
intelligence officers. The use of cults provides a convenient cover for
experiments that could not otherwise be conducted out in the open. Any
resultant behavioral anomalies can then simply be attributed to the
peculiarities of the "cult."
One program for the recruitment of programmed operatives is called
Operation OPEN EYES. According to a former Navy Intelligence officer and SEAL
team leader attached to the CIA, "Clear Eyes" are the programmed victims of
OPEN EYES. The operation involves canvassing the country for individuals who
have few close friends or relatives. They are then put under a progressive
series of gradually intensified hypnosis, where the subject's personality is
At level four, diverse programs can be written or overwritten into the
brain. Any command is accepted at this level. At that level you can give the
test subject a complete personality, history and make him/her believe anything
the program requires for the accomplishment of any desired project. He is then
given a new life in a new state and town. Driver's license, car, bank account,
passport, credit cards, B.C., and all the small things, such as photos of his
family (that don't really exist). Subject and patient (one and the same) has
now an agenda (that he believes is his own) and is prepared for level five
hypnosis. At this stage, very carefully a code work or sequence of numbers or a
voice imprint is etched into his brain. That is commonly known and referred to
as the trigger that will activate subject to action.
He then lives a very normal and sometimes useful life, until subject is
required to perform the program implanted/written into level four hypnosis at
the point of activating the trigger, subject is beyond recall. That's why a
level five person can only be approached after his/her operation. There is no
actual recall in the subconscious program of any of the hypnosis. If an act of
violence had been perpetrated, subject will not be able to associate with the
deed. Only shrinks trained in this particular form of sub mental behavior will
find any tracks leading to post level one or two mind-control.
I have personally witnessed level one to five programming, and was
myself subject of level three programming.
Due to the fact that subject has such high IQ (preferably around 130-140
subject is very quick to learn anything fed to him/her. All major patriot
groups, and normal workers and workers in big [government contract]
corporations have at least one or more "sleepers" attached to them.
Now it must be clear to you the various levels used by the intel
community to get their job done. Remember Jonestown? It was one of ours that
went sour because a Clear Eyes was in the group. When he began firing on the
runway, it all self destructed. The man (Congressman Leo Ryan) who was killed,
knew it was a government operation. Clear Eyes was accidentally — through
a lone sequence — activated! There was no way to stop the killings. They
were all programmed to at least level three, the culties themselves. There were
only three deaths attributable to cyanide, the rest died of gunfire. Now you
know a little more about our line of work. I am glad I am out of it.
An ex-CIA agent interviewed by researcher Jim Keith claims to have
knowledge of biological warfare testing and "special medical and Psy-ops
(psychological operations) facilities at Fort Riley," where Timothy McVeigh was
stationed. (Recall that McVeigh took a Psy-ops course at Ft. Riley) This agent
stated that experimentation is conducted "in collaboration with the whole range
of intelligence agencies, FBI, CIA, NSA, the works." The agent also told Keith
that he had witnessed special psychological operations performed on the crew of
the Pueblo naval vessel at Fort Riley, and at Fort Benning, Georgia (where did
his basic training), prior to the ship's capture under mysterious circumstances
by the North Koreans. Fort Benning is also home to the notorious School of the
America's, where the CIA and the Special Forces have trained Latin American
death squad leaders for over three decades. Fort Riley was also home to a
mysterious plague of murders and shootings right around the time of the
Oklahoma City bombing. On March 2, 1995, PFC Maurice Wilford shot three
officers with a 12-gauge shotgun before turning the gun on himself. On April 6,
Brian Soutenburg was found dead in his quarters after an apparent
Is it possible these incidents were the result of some psychological
testing or experiment gone awry? Given the Army's opprobrious history of
psychological research and covert experiments on its own personnel, it is not
inconceivable. The incidents seem indicative of the shooting death of Commander
Edward J. Higgins by Carl Campbell, who claimed he was implanted with a
[It is interesting to note that] after his arrest, McVeigh was taken to
Tinker Air Force Base. Why he would be taken to a military installation is
unclear. Perhaps Dr. West was on hand, waiting to see whether McVeigh's
microchip was still snug. Was Timothy McVeigh in fact manipulated through the
use of a subcutaneous transceiver, implanted in him without his knowledge? Was
he a "sleeper agent," programmed to do a dirty deed and have no memory of it
afterwards? Interestingly, Richard Condon's classic play, The Manchurian
Candidate made its debut in Oklahoma City exactly one year after the
bombing. It is possible the real Manchurian candidate made his
debut on April 19, 1995. Given the long and sordid history of Pentagon/CIA
mind-control operations, such a scenario is certainly possible.
What's also possible is that McVeigh was simply lied to. Someone —
whom McVeigh thought was working for the government, gave him a cover story
— convinced him that he was on an important, top secret mission. McVeigh's
seeming indifference upon his arrest may simply have been indicative of his
understanding that he was working for this agency, had simply delivered a truck
as he was told, and had not, in fact, killed anyone.
[It is possible that] McVeigh was concerned about military cut-backs
when he quit the Army in December of 1991. It is possible that his increased
job duties were the reason he quit the National Guard in June of 1992. It is
also possible, highly probable in fact, that he was secretly offered a more
lucrative career — one that promised more excitement, adventure, and
money… in the intelligence services.
To the intelligence community, Timothy McVeigh would have been exactly
what they were looking for — a top-notch but impressionable young soldier
who is patriotic and gung-ho to a fault. A taciturn individual who follows
orders without hesitation, and who knows when to keep his mouth shut, a
prerequisite of any good intelligence operative.
According to former CIA agent Victor Marchetti, the CIA currently does
its most "fruitful" recruiting in the armed forces. Intelligence agencies regularly
recruit from the military, and military files are routinely reviewed for
potential candidates — those who have proven their willingness and ability
to kill on command and without hesitation — those whose combat training
and proficiency with weapons make them excellent candidates for field
operations. McVeigh had already taken the Psychological Operations (PSYOPS)
Course while he was at Fort Riley. Whether he knew it or not, McVeigh was well
on his was way to a career in covert intelligence. An intelligence agency
wouldn't have to search hard for a man like McVeigh. His above-average military
record, and the fact that he was a candidate for the Special Forces, would have
made him a natural choice. Especially his try-out for Special Forces.
The Special Forces were created as the covert military arm of the Central
Intelligence Agency. According to Lt. Colonel Daniel Marvin (Ret.), "almost
all of the independent operations within the Green Berets were run by the
Moreover, McVeigh was just beginning to espouse militia-type views. This
observation, and the fact that he was racist, would have made him a perfect
operative to infiltrate any far right-wing or white supremacist group. Likewise
it would have made him the perfect patsy to implicate in connection with
any right-wing group.
[As Dave Dilly told the Post, "The militias really recruit, and
he's exactly what they're looking for.… They could catch him easy. He had
all the same interests as them; they're just a little more fanatical."
What Dilly is describing to the letter, although he is unaware of it, is
the modus operandi of the intelligence community. If McVeigh was recruited by
one of the intelligence branches, it is possible that he was recruited by
someone posing as a militia member. As far as fanatics go, there is no one
group of people more fanatical than the "lunatic fringe" of the intelligence
community. In short, McVeigh] possessed all the qualities that would have made
him an excellent undercover operative… and a perfect fall-guy.
In May of 1992, McVeigh was promoted to lieutenant at Burns Security,
and wrote his National Guard commander that his civilian job required his
presence. "But the letter was real vague," said his commander. "It didn't say
just what this new job was." Approximately nine months later, when McVeigh was
going to be promoted to supervisor, he suddenly quit, saying that he had "more
pressing matters to attend to."
Just what these "pressing matters" were is not exactly clear. According
to co-worker Carl Lebron, McVeigh told him he was leaving to take a civilian
position with the Army in Kentucky painting trucks. He later told Lebron that
he became privy to a top-secret project at Calspan called "Project Norstar,"
which, according to McVeigh, involved bringing drugs into the country via
miniature submarine. He told his friend that he was afraid that those
responsible for Project Norstar were "coming after him," and he had to
While this explanation may strike one as bizarre, McVeigh wrote his
sister Jennifer while he was still in the Army telling her that he had been
picked for a highly specialized Special Forces Covert Tactical Unit (CTU) that
was involved in illegal activities. The letter was introduced to the Federal
Grand Jury. According to former grand juror Hoppy Heidelberg, these illegal
activities included "protecting drug shipments, eliminating the competition,
and population control." While all the details of the letter aren't clear,
Heidelberg said that there were five to six duties in all, and that the group
was comprised of ten men.
Such units are nothing new. During the Vietnam War, CIA Director William
Colby and Saigon Station Chief Ted Shackley (who also ran a massive heroin
smuggling operation) created what they called Provincial Reconnaissance Units
(PRUs), which would capture, torture, and kill suspected Viet Cong
Former Army CID investigator Gene Wheaton also described a covert unit
created by the highly secretive NRO (National Reconnaissance Office), which
used assassination and torture to eliminate so-called enemies of the state. In
1985, Wheaton was approached by "security consultants" to Vice President Bush's
"Task Force on Combating Terrorism" who were working for USMC Lt. Colonel
Oliver North (who served under Shackley in Vietnam) and Associate Deputy FBI
Director Oliver "Buck" Revell. "They wanted me to help create a 'death squad'
that would have White House deniability to assassinate people they would
identify as 'terrorists,'" said Wheaton.
Code-named "Zeta Diogenes" in the USAF subset, this secret project,
according to Wheaton, "was created in a rage by the covert intelligence
leadership after the failed Bay-of-Pigs operation against Cuba in 1961."
Wheaton claims the program continues to the present day.
Anyone who prefers to think that agencies of the U.S. government are
above assassinating U.S. citizens, not to mention senior U.S. officials where
expedient, may wish to bear in mind the following testimony given by Colonel
Daniel Marvin, a highly decorated Special Forces Vietnam veteran. While
going through Special Forces training at Fort Bragg in 1964, Marvin's group was
asked if any members would like to volunteer to take special assassination
training on behalf of the CIA, eliminating Americans overseas who posed
"national security risks." About six people, himself included, volunteered.
"The CIA had agents there all the time at Fort Bragg, in the Special
Warfare Center Headquarters," said Marvin. "My commanding officer, Colonel C.W.
Patton, called me up to his office one day in the first week… and he said,
"Dan, go out and meet the 'Company' man standing there underneath the pine
trees, waiting to talk to you."
Ironically, Marvin had been motivated to join the Special Forces by the
death of President Kennedy, who had conferred upon the unit their distinctive
and coveted green berets. Marvin began his assassination training in the Spring
of 1964. "…during one of the coffee breaks, I overheard one of the [CIA]
instructors say to the other one, 'Well, it went pretty well in Dallas. Didn't
Marvin said his group was shown "16 millimeter moving pictures that we
assumed were taken by the CIA of the assassination, on the ground there at
Dallas.… We were told that there were actually four shooters. There was
one on the roof of the lower part of the Book Depository, and there was one
shooter who was in front of and to the right of the vehicle. And I'm not sure
whether it was on the Grassy Knoll area that they were speaking of, or, as some
people have reported, [a shooter firing] out of a manhole to the right-front of
He also added that there were two additional snipers with spotters
stationed on the routes that the motorcade would have used to travel to the
hospital. If the spotter determined that Kennedy had survived, he was to finish
["They used the assassination of President Kennedy as a prime example of
how to develop the strategy for the assassination of a world leader as a
conspiracy, while making it look like some 'lone nut' did it.…
"The stronger a patriot you are, the more important it is to you that
you do whatever is necessary for your flag, for your country," he adds. "It
makes you the most susceptible type of person for this kind of training. You
are the ultimate warrior. You're out there to do for your country what nobody
else is willing to do. I had no qualms about it at all."]
Marvin claimed his "assassination" training was reserved solely for
citizens outside the United States, not on U.S. soil. "The Mafia lists were the
ones being used [to kill Americans] in the continental United States," said
Marvin. "We were being used overseas." That was, until he was asked to kill an
American Naval officer — Lt. Commander William Bruce Pitzer, the X-ray
technician who filmed the Kennedy autopsy, "as he was, supposedly, a traitor,
about to give secrets to the enemy. It turned out that these 'secrets' were the
photos of the real autopsy of President John F. Kennedy. And the 'enemy'
When he found out that his assignment was to be conducted in the U.S.,
he refused. "…that wasn't my mission," said Marvin. "When I took my
training, I volunteered to do this kind of thing overseas where it could be
covered, as far as the family goes. I had a wife and three children. If I were
to accept that mission to kill Commander Pitzer right here in the United
States, I would have been dropped from the rolls immediately as a deserter so
that it would cover me for taking off and taking care of that
Such a "cover" tactic appears to closely parallel that of Timothy
McVeigh, who "dropped out" of Special Forces training before embarking on his
bewildering and mysterious journey (ala: Dan White) prior to the bombing.
Still another, more well-documented reference to such illegal operations
is made by Wall Street Journal reporter Jonathan Kwitny in his
best-selling book, The Crimes of Patriots. Kwitny describes how rogue
CIA agents Edwin Wilson (who reported to Shackley) and Frank Terpil were not
only illegally selling huge quantities of C-4 plastic explosives and
sophisticated assassination gear to the Libyans, but were actually hiring
anti-Castro Cubans from Shackley's old JM/WAVE program, and U.S. Green Berets
to assassinate Qaddafi's political opponents abroad. (See Chapter 14)
Some U.S. Army men were literally lured away from the doorway of Fort
Bragg, their North Carolina training post. The GIs were given every reason to
believe that the operation summoning them was being carried out with the full
backing of the CIA.…
Could this be the same group McVeigh claims he was recruited for?
Considering the allegations of the Federal Government against McVeigh, the fact
that he was chosen for such a clandestine and blatantly illegal
government-sponsored operation is highly revealing.
According to Heidelberg's account of the letter, McVeigh turned them
down. "They picked him because he was gung-ho," said Heidelberg. "But they
misjudged him. He was gung-ho, but in a sincere way. He really loved his
In another version of the story reported by Ted Gunderson, an
intelligence informant indicated that McVeigh was "trained to work for the CIA
in their illegal drug operations," then "became disenchanted with the
government, and voiced his displeasure." At that point he was sent to Fort
Riley for discharge, at which point John Doe 2 "was planted on him" and
"orchestrated the bombing." According to Gundersen's informant, McVeigh was a
victim of the CIA's mind-control project, Project MONARCH.
Whether McVeigh turned down this illegal covert operations group, or
worked for them for a short time, it is highly likely that he was working in
some fashion for the government. There is simply no logical explanation for his
giving up a hard-earned and brilliant military career, then subsequently
quitting his security guard job on the eve of his promotion to take a job
painting old army trucks, or go tooling around the country in a beat-up car
hawking used firearms and militia paraphernalia.
If McVeigh was recruited, his "opting out" of the military was most
likely a cover story for that recruitment. Former Pentagon counter-intelligence
officer Robert Gambert told Kennedy assassination researcher Dick Russell of
the mysterious activities of his cousin Richard Case Nagell, "Dick played the
role of a disgruntled ex-Army officer…. he was really still operational,
in an undercover capacity, for the Army Intelligence…. They're not gonna'
trust anybody who's active military or a friendly retiree. They're gonna trust
somebody who's going around griping against the military, against the
intelligence operations, against the government…."
After McVeigh's mysterious departure from the Army, his friend Robin
Littleton received a strange letter from him. On it was illustrated a cartoon
depicting a skull and crossbones with the caption "so many victims, so little
time." Whether he meant it as a
joke, or whether it contained a hidden message, is unclear. But considering the
letter he wrote to Jennifer regarding the CTU, its implications are
A patriotic soldier like Timothy McVeigh didn't have a lot of reasons to
gripe against the government. But, said the Post: "McVeigh was by now
railing at virtually every aspect of American government, and at least
beginning to consider a violent solution, as reflected in letters he wrote to
the Lockport Union-Sun & Journal in February and March 1992,
(entitled 'America Faces Problems.')"
Crime is out of control. Criminals have no fear of punishment. Prisons
are overcrowded so they know they will not be imprisoned long. This breeds more
crime, in an escalating cyclic pattern.
Taxes are a joke. Regardless of what a political candidate "promises,"
they will increase. More taxes are always the answer to government
mismanagement. They mess up, we suffer. Taxes are reaching cataclysmic levels,
with no slowdown in sight.
The "American Dream" of the middle class has all but disappeared,
substituted with people struggling just to buy next week's groceries. Heaven
forbid the car breaks down!
Politicians are further eroding the "American Dream" by passing laws
which are supposed to be a "quick fix," when all they are really designed for
is to get the official re-elected. These laws tend to "dilute" a problem for a
while, until the problem comes roaring back in a worsened form (much like a
strain of bacteria will alter itself to defeat a known medication).
Politicians are out of control. Their yearly salaries are more than an
average person will see in a lifetime. They have been entrusted with the power
to regulate their own salaries and have grossly violated that trust to live in
their own luxury.
Racism on the rise? You had better believe it! Is this America's
frustrations venting themselves? Is it a valid frustration? Who is to blame for
the mess? At a point when the world has seen Communism falter as an imperfect
system to manage people; democracy seems to be headed down the same road. No
one is seeing the "big" picture.
Maybe we have to combine ideologies to achieve the perfect utopian
government. Remember, government-sponsored health care was a Communist idea.
Should only the rich be allowed to live long? Does that say that because a
person is poor, he is a lesser human being; and doesn't deserve to live as
long, because he doesn't wear a tie to work?
What is it going to take to open up the eyes of our elected officials?
America is in serious decline!
We have no proverbial tea to dump; should we instead sink a ship full
of Japanese imports? Is a Civil War imminent? Do we have to shed blood to
reform the current system? I hope it doesn't come to that! But it
Naturally, an ordinary gripe letter written by a person with
above-average intelligence and political awareness was turned into a
manifestation of suppressed frustrations with attendant violent overtones by
the psychojournalists of the mainstream press. Yet, if McVeigh was under the
influence of some form of mind-control, it is possible the letter, and the one
to Littleton, might have been the beginnings of a plan to "sheep-dip" McVeigh
as a disgruntled ex-military man.
It is also possible that McVeigh, tasked with the responsibility of
infiltrating the Militia Movement, became genuinely enamored with its ideals
and precepts. Whether or not this is true, McVeigh's letter to the Lockport
Union-Sun & Journal and to Robin Littleton were two more nails the
government and the press would use to drive into McVeigh's coffin.
But the major nails in McVeigh's coffin were yet to come.
The Man Who Didn't Exist
In September of 1992 McVeigh sold his property in Olean, NY, and in
early 1993 traveled to Kingman, Arizona to visit his old Army friend Michael
Fortier. Apparently McVeigh's father didn't approve of Tim's letters in the
local paper. A friend of McVeigh's father told the Post that one of the
reasons McVeigh left was because "he wanted to be somewhere he could talk about
what he really believed."
In Kingman, a rugged high-desert town where anti-government sentiments
run strong, McVeigh would find like-minded souls. "Arizona is still
gun-on-the-hip territory, rugged individuals who don't like the government in
their business," said Marilyn Hart, manager of the Canyon West Mobile Park.
After spending a brief time living with Fortier at his trailer home on
East McVicar Road, McVeigh rented a trailer at Canyon West where he lived from
June to September of 1993, for $250-a-month.
The Times, the Post, Time and Newsweek all reported
that McVeigh was a belligerent beer-drinking, loud music-playing slob who
stayed at the Canyon West Mobile Park and was subsequently evicted. According
to the Times:
Residents of the Canyon West Mobile Park drew a picture of an arrogant
loner who worked as a security guard for a now-defunct trucking company, lived
with his pregnant girlfriend, expressed deep anger against the Federal
Government and often caused trouble for his neighbors. "He drank a lot of beer
and threw out the cans, and I always had to pick them up," Bob Rangin, owner of
the park, was quoted as saying. He said he had frequent fights with Mr.
McVeigh, who often wore Army fatigues, over such things as loud rock music
coming from his trailer and a dog he kept in violation of his lease.
"Just about any free time, he'd be walking down there, or across the
railroad tracks and firing his guns," said Marilyn Hart, nodding at the
landscape of canyons and mesas around the Canyon West trailer park here that is
one of the last known addresses of the man arrested for bombing the Oklahoma
City Federal Building. "He just plain didn't care. Didn't matter the time of
day or night, he'd be out there shooting."
"Basically he just had a poor attitude, a chip on the shoulder kind of
thing," said Rob Rangin, the owner of the trailer park. "He was very cocky. He
looked like he was ready to get in a fight pretty easy. I'll tell you, I was a
little afraid of him and I'm not afraid of too many people.
Mr. McVeigh brought in a big brown dog in defiance of the camp
regulations and left a wrecked car parked by his trailer, Mr. Rangin said, and
even a nearly totally deaf neighbor, Clyde Smith, complained about the music.
Finally, said Mr. Rangin, "he piled up so many violations, I asked him to
"When he did, the trailer was a disaster," he said. "It was
Yet these accounts of McVeigh in the Times' on April 23 and 24
are totally contrary to their accounts on May 4 and December 31, which describe
him as a compulsive neat-freak, highly disciplined, respectful of his elders,
and courteous to a fault. Friends and acquaintances interviewed also claimed
that McVeigh was extremely quiet, never drank, and never had a date, much less
a pregnant girlfriend.
Yet on April 23, the Post described how McVeigh played loud
music, terrorized his neighbors, and was evicted from the park. Then on July 2,
the Post wrote:
When he moved into the Canyon West trailer park outside Kingman in 1993,
his first act was to wash the dirty curtains and dust, vacuum and scrub the
entire trailer spotless, said owner Bob Rangin, who so liked McVeigh that he
offered to lower the rent to keep the ex-soldier from moving.
The Post also ran an interview with neighbor Jack Gohn, who said
McVeigh was so "quiet, polite and neat and clean" that "if I had a daughter in
that age bracket, I would have introduced them."
Said Marilyn Hart of Timothy McVeigh: "He was very quiet, very polite,
very courteous, very neat, very clean, quiet, obeyed all the park rules. He
worked on the trailer, did some painting, he did some cleaning on it, he bought
new furniture, things like that."
In fact, what the Times was reporting on was not Timothy McVeigh
at all, but a completely different man! According to Hart, the mix-up came when
reporters from the Times were given information about Dave Heiden, who
also was just out of the service, and had lived in trailer #19 (McVeigh lived
in trailer #11). "They thought it was the man who lived down below," said Hart.
"He was a slob. But he was not Tim McVeigh. The other guy took his guns
out across the way and fired them all the time, he got drunk and got up on top
of the trailer and did all kinds of noisy things…."
According to Hart, after the man's girlfriend gave birth he sobered up.
"Now they're married, the baby was born, he's straightened up his life," said
Hart. "He straightened up his act, and he doesn't act that way any more at
Rangin called authors Kifner and McFadden of the Times to correct
them. "I tried to tell them that wasn't McVeigh," said Rangin. "I called that
fellow at the Times who came down here, and told him they got the wrong
According to the Times, it was a "clearly embarrassed" Mr. Rangin
who had made the mistake, wrote the Times on April 25: He added that the
man he incorrectly recalled as Tim McVeigh "was like you would think" a suspect
in a mass killing might be.
This is clearly interesting considering that for days the Times
had been painting McVeigh as a pathological, asexual neat freak who was
extremely polite. These traits, the Times' psychobabblists claimed, were
indicators of a mass killer.
The Times then claimed on the very next day that McVeigh was a
belligerent slob with a pregnant girlfriend, and all of a sudden, these
were the characteristics of a mass killer. Obviously, to a propaganda screed
like the New York Times, it didn't matter what McVeigh's actual
personality really was.
While in Kingman, McVeigh worked at different jobs through an agency
called Allied Forces. "He did a number of jobs that way," said Hart. "He was a
security guard, he did a number of different jobs. But he always went to his
job, did them well… any of the people who worked with him said he didn't
act odd, you know, it was totally out of character."
McVeigh worked for a time at True Value Hardware, on Stockton Hill Road,
a job that Fortier helped him get. Paul Shuffler, the store owner, said McVeigh
"was a young and clean looking person so I gave him a job." According to
Shuffler, "If he was a radical around here, I would have noticed it pretty
quick and I would have fired him. Radicals don't last long around here because
they just make a mess of things."
McVeigh also worked for a spell at State Security. The Times
interview with co-worker Fred Burkett took a slightly different slant, painting
his co-worker McVeigh as an arrogant, gun-toting loner. "He had a very dry
personality," Burkett told the Times. "He was not very outgoing, not
talkative and not really that friendly. He wasn't a person that mingled. He was
a kind of by yourself kind of person, a loner."
Once, Burkett went with McVeigh on a target-shooting course in the
desert, where McVeigh "pretty much went crazy," Burkett said. After running
through the course, picking off targets with a Glock .45, McVeigh began
"emptying clips on pretty much anything — trees, rocks, whatever happened
to be there."
"Other than that, Mr. Burkett said, "he seemed pretty much normal." "The
only thing he ever indicated was that he didn't care much for the United States
Government and how they ran things," Mr. Burkett said. "He didn't care much for
authority and especially when it concerned the government."
Yet authorities have speculated that McVeigh's interests went beyond
mere dissatisfaction with the Federal Government. According to Carl Lebron,
McVeigh once brought him a newsletter from the Ku Klux Klan. McVeigh was also fond of a book called
the Turner Diaries. Written by former physics professor and neo-Nazi
William Pierce, the Turner Diaries was a fictionalized account of a
white supremacist uprising against the ZOG (Zionist Occupational Government).
The book, exceedingly violent and racist in tone, is a fictionalized account of
the overthrow of the Federal Government — which by that time had become
the "Jewish-liberal-democratic-equalitarian plague" — by a Right-wing
paramilitary group called the "Organization," which then goes on to murder and
segregate Jews and other "non-whites." The protagonists also blow up FBI
headquarters with a truck-bomb. The Turner Diaries was found on Timothy
McVeigh upon his arrest.
The book became the blueprint for a neo-Nazi group called The Order,
which terrorized the Midwest in the early to mid '80s with a string of murders
and bank robberies. Authorities have speculated that McVeigh, who carried the
book with him constantly and sold it at gun shows, was inspired by its screed
to commit his terrible act of violence. Yet McVeigh dismisses such suggestions
as gibberish. "I bought the book out of the publication that advertised the
book as a gun-rights book. That's why I bought it; that's why I read
In Kingman, McVeigh made friends with an ex-marine named Walter "Mac"
McCarty. McVeigh apparently sought out the 72-year-old McCarty for discussions
in which he tried to make sense of the actions of the Federal Government at
Ruby Ridge and Waco, and such issues as the United Nations, the Second
Amendment, and the "New World Order."
"I gathered that he was following the Right-wing, survivalist,
paramilitary-type philosophy," McCarty said. "I also got the sense that he was
searching for meaning and acceptance."
McVeigh and Fortier also took handgun classes from McCarty during the
summer of 1994, which is odd considering that the two men, McVeigh especially,
were extremely proficient in the use of firearms. "Believe me, the one thing he
did not need was firearms training, "said Fred Burkett, McVeigh's co-worked at
State Security. "He was very good and we were impressed with his
McCarty himself was apparently suspicious of McVeigh's motives. "They
wanted to hear certain things from me to see if they could get me involved,"
said McCarty. "They definitely liked what they heard. We were on the same page
about the problems of America."
Why would McVeigh, the consummate firearms expert, bother taking a
course in handguns? Perhaps to be around like-minded individuals or as a
harmless diversion. It is also possible, like the Lee Harvey Oswald impostor
seen at the Texas rifle range, McVeigh was being sheep-dipped. "I know
brainwashing when I see it, McCarty said. "Those two boys had really gotten a
good case of it." Perhaps McCarty was being more literal than he
After the August 1994 passage of the Omnibus Crime Bill outlawing
certain types of semi-automatic weapons, "McVeigh's demons finally became
unbearable," claimed the Times. "What will it take?" wrote McVeigh to
Fortier, expressing his exasperation.
It is possible that McVeigh had some contact with a local militia while
in Kingman. According to reporter Mark Schafer of the Arizona Republic,
Fortier, who worked at True Value, knew Jack Oliphant, the elderly patron
of the Arizona Patriots, an extreme Right-wing paramilitary group. Oliphant had
been caught in 1986 planning to blow up the Hoover Dam, the IRS and a local
Synagogue. After the FBI raid, Oliphant was sentenced to four years in jail,
and the Arizona Patriots went underground. It is reported that Fortier, who
sported a "Don't Tread on Me" flag outside his trailer-home, was friendly with
some of the Arizona Patriots, including Oliphant.
According to federal authorities, McVeigh also left a note addressed to
"S.C." on a utility pole near Kingman seeking "fighters not talkers." It has
been speculated that "S.C." is actually Steven Colbern, who lived in the nearby
town of Oatman, and was friends with McVeigh. (See Chapter 5)
But federal authorities became very interested when they learned that a
small explosion, related to a home-made bomb, had slightly damaged a house down
the road from the trailer park. That house was owned by Frosty McPeak, a friend
of McVeigh's who had hired him in 1993 to do security work at a local shelter.
When McPeak's girlfriend was arrested in Las Vegas on a bad credit charge,
Clark Vollmer, a paraplegic drug dealer in Kingman, helped bail her out. In
February of '95, Vollmer had asked McPeak to ferry some drugs. He refused. On
February 21, a bomb exploded outside McPeak's home. When he went to Vollmer's
house to confront him, he found Timothy McVeigh, along with another man he
According to Mohave County Sheriff Joe Cook, the explosion "wasn't
really a big deal" and probably wasn't related to the explosion in Oklahoma
What does Marilyn Hart think about McVeigh's connection to the local
militias? "I probably do know several people who are militia," said Hart. "But
they don't advertise it, and they're not kooks. To me, McVeigh didn't have the
money. The two other guys, Rosencrans and Fortier, went to school with our
children, and neither of them have money either. And it took a good amount of
money to pull this off. "
"Obsessed With Waco"
Whether or not McVeigh's "demons" became "unbearable" after the passage
of the Omnibus Crime Bill, his anger, along with that of millions of others,
would be justified by the governments' massacre of 86 innocent men, women and
children at the Branch Davidian Seventh Day Adventist Church near Waco the
following April. The ostensible purpose of the ATF's raid was to inspect the
premises for illegal weapons. Although the Davidians, who were licensed gun
dealers, had invited the ATF to inspect their weapons, the agency declined;
they were more interested in staging a show raid to impress the public and
increase their budgetary allowance. In fact, the raid was code-named "Show
On February 28, 1993, without a proper warrant and without identifying
themselves, over 100 agents stormed the Church compound. Residents who answered
the door were immediately fired upon. At least one ATF helicopter began
strafing the building, firing into the roof. For the next hour, ATF agents
fired thousands of rounds into the compound. Many church members, including
women, children and the elderly, were killed by gunfire as they lay huddled in
fear, the women attempting to cover the children with their bodies. Church
members repeatedly begged the 911 operator to stop the raid. In the ensuing
battle, four ATF agents were killed, although there is evidence that indicates
they were killed by "friendly fire."
Several days later, the FBI took over. Almost immediately, they began
psychologically harassing the Church members with loud noises. For over a month
and a half, the Davidians were tormented by the sounds of dying animals,
religious chants, loud music, and their own voices. Their electricity was cut
off, and milk and other supplies necessary for young chidden was not allowed
into the compound. Bright lights were shined on residents 24 hours-a-day, and
armored vehicles began circling the compound, while flash-bang grenades were
thrown into the courtyard.
The media was kept at bay, fed propagandizing stories by FBI spokesmen
that painted the Davidians as crazed cultists with desires for apocalyptic
self-destruction — dangerous wackos who stockpiled machine-guns and who
abused their children. The mass media happily obliged, feeding these images to
a gullible public.
After a 51-day standoff, the newly appointed Attorney General, Janet
Reno, approved an FBI plan to assault the compound with a highly volatile form
of tear-gas, proven deadly to children, who she was ostensibly trying to
protect from "abuse." On April 19, tanks from the Texas National Guard and the
Army's Joint Task Force Six, in violation of the Posse Comitatus Act forbidding
the use of military force against private citizens, stormed the compound,
firing hundreds of CS gas ferret rounds into the buildings. The tanks also
rammed the buildings repeatedly, knocking holes in them, the official
explanation being so that the residents could more easily escape. Instead, what
it did was cause the buildings to collapse, killing dozens as they lay crouched
in fear. Kerosene lanterns knocked over by the tank ramming ignited the highly
flammable CS gas, and the holes created a flue effect through the buildings,
caused by 30 mile and hour winds. Immediately the compound became a fiery
While some residents managed to escape, most were trapped inside,
exphyxiated by the gas, crushed by falling debris, or burned alive. Some who
tried to escape were shot by FBI snipers. One unarmed man who tried to enter
the compound to be with his family was shot six times, then left lying in a
field while prairie dogs picked at his bones. During the final siege, which
lasted for six hours, firetrucks were purposefully kept away. Bradley M-2
armored vehicles fitted with plows pushed in the still standing walls, burying
those still trapped inside. A concrete vault where approximately 30 people had
sought refuge was blasted open with demolition charges, killing most of the
When it was all over, the fire department was allowed inside the
compound to pump water on the smoldering debris. Out of approximately 100
Church members, 86 perished, including 27 children. No FBI agent was injured.
The remaining 11 Church members were put on trial for attempted murder of
federal agents. During the trial, government prosecutors repeatedly withheld,
altered, and destroyed evidence. The government even cut off electricity to the
morgue, preventing autopsies on the bodies.
The judge, recently under scrutiny by the "Justice" Department, also
refused to allow the testimony of critical witnesses. Although the jury found
all 11 innocent, the judge reversed the verdict. Nine Davidians were imprisoned
for attempting to defend their families. Some received sentences up to 40
While "General" Reno, in a symbolic gesture of public reconciliation,
took "full responsibility" for the actions of the FBI, she never resigned or
served time. In fact, Larry Potts, who led the raid on behalf of the FBI, was
The assault would be compared to the massacre of the Jews in Warsaw by
the Nazis during WWII. A bunch of religious fanatics. Who'd complain? Who'd
care? Yet the government didn't count on the fact that a lot of people
would care. Millions in fact. The murder of the Branch Davidians would
indeed become a wake-up call for a citizenry concerned about an increasingly
tyrannical, lawless government. A government that would murder its own citizens
with impunity, in fact with zeal. A government that would lie to its citizens,
and be accountable to no one.
In March of 1993, Timothy McVeigh traveled from Kingman to Waco to
observe the 51-day standoff. He was photographed by the FBI along with others
protesting the siege on the road outside the compound, selling bumper stickers
out of his car. Like Lee Harvey Oswald, who was photographed at the Cuban
embassy in Mexico (a claim made by the government, but never substantiated),
the photo of McVeigh would be added proof of his far-Right-wing associations.
A day and a half later, McVeigh drove to Decker, Michigan to be with his
old Army buddy, Terry Nichols. The Nichols family sat with McVeigh in their
living room as they watched M-2 Bradley assault vehicles storm the compound. On
April 19, they watched as the Branch Davidian Church burnt to the ground. "Tim
did not say a word," said James Nichols, who watched the compound burn to the
ground along with Tim and his brother. "We stood there and watched the live
television footage as the church burned and crumbled… we couldn't believe
McVeigh, who the Justice Department claimed was "particularly agitated
about the conduct of the Federal Government in Waco," had a right to be.
McVeigh had offered his life to serve in the military, and now had seen that
very same military massacring its own citizens. He could see the Green Berets
from the Army's Joint Task Force Six advising the FBI, and had watched while
Bradley armored vehicles — the same vehicles he had served in —
gassed and bulldozed the citizens of a country he had sworn to defend.
The Federal Building was blown up on April 19, the two year anniversary
of the Waco conflagration. Like millions of other citizens, McVeigh was angry
about the deadly raid. He was particularly incensed about the participation of
the Army's Joint Task Force Six, and about the deployment of the Seventh Light
Infantry during the Los Angeles riots in 1992, and the United Nations command
over American soldiers in Somalia, his former Army friend Staff Sergeant Albert
Warnement told the Times. "He thought the Federal Government was getting
too much power. He thought the ATF was out of control."
"I saw a localized police state," McVeigh told the London Sunday
Times, "[and] was angry at how this had come about."
"Their (the FBI's) actions in Waco, Texas were wrong. And I'm not
fixated on it...." he told Newsweek.
"It disturbed him," said Burkett. "It was wrong, and he was mad about
it. He was flat out mad. He said the government wasn't worth the powder to blow
it to hell."
Perhaps rather coincidentally, McVeigh's sister Jennifer said that
during her brother's November '94 visit to the McVeigh family home in Lockport,
he confided that he had been driving around with 1,000 pounds of explosives.
During his trial Prosecutor Beth Wilkinson asked Jennifer if she had questioned
her brother about why he was carrying so much. "I don't think I wanted to
know," she said.
Just what was McVeigh doing driving around with explosives, and where
did he acquire them? Were these explosives part of the batch of ammonium
nitrate Terry Nichols had allegedly purchased from the Mid-Kansas Co-op on
October 20, or perhaps the Dynamite and Tovex the government alleged Nichols
stole from the Martin Marietta rock quarry in September?
Obviously this, and McVeigh's expression of anger at the Federal
Government, would become the foundation of their case against him. In a letter
Tim wrote to Jennifer, he is highly critical of the ATF. The anonymous letter,
which was sent to the federal agency, was accompanied by a note that read: "All
you tyrannical motherfuckers will swing in the wind one day for your treasonous
actions against the Constitution and the United States." It concluded with the
words, "Die, you spineless cowardice bastards."
"He was very angry," recalled Jennifer McVeigh during her brother's
trial. "He thought the government gassed and murdered the people there."
Jennifer also claimed her brother also wrote a letter to the American
Legion saying that ATF agents "are a bunch of fascist tyrants." He identified
himself in the letter as a member of the "citizens' militia." He also sent his
sister literature on the standoff at Ruby Ridge, the Constitution, and even a
copy of the Turner Diaries. 
By the Spring of 1995, he told Jennifer not to send any more letters to
him after May 1 because "G-men might get them." Then he sent her a letter
saying, "Something big is going to happen in the month of the Bull." He did not
explain what that meant, but Jennifer looked in her astrology book and saw that
the "month of the Bull" was April. McVeigh also advised her to extend her
Spring break — which began on April 8 — a bit longer than the planned
two weeks, and instructed her to burn the letter.
For McVeigh's part, he wrote that this "expression of rage" the
government claimed was so key, was nothing more than "…part of my
contribution to defense of freedom, this call to arms.… I intend to become
more active in the future. I would rather fight with pencil lead than bullet
lead. We can win this war in voting booth. If we have to fight in the streets,
I would not be so sure…. All too often in the past, we gutsy gun owners
have lost the battle because we have failed to fight. The Brady Bill could have
been defeated in Congress if gun owners had become more involved in electing
officials and communicating to those officials what was expected to them.…
Start your defense today. Stamps are cheaper than bullets and can be more
This letter, found by authorities in McVeigh's car, speaks of a man
committed to fighting for freedom as many Americans have, in the "voting
booth," and with pen and paper. Yet lead prosecutor Joseph Hartzler would read
this letter, along with quotes such as this one: "My whole mindset has
shifted… from the intellectual to the animal," into evidence at McVeigh's
trial, in an attempt to prove that Timothy McVeigh was committed to
Like Lee Harvey Oswald, who was upset about the Cuban Bay of Pigs
invasion and American foreign policy in general, a view he expressed to his
friends in Dallas, McVeigh was upset about the government's foreign policy, a
view he expressed to his friends here. "He wasn't happy about Somalia," that if
we could put the United States under basically UN command and send them to
Somalia to disarm their citizens, then why couldn't they come do the same thing
in the United States?" Sergeant Warnement said.
McVeigh was also reportedly angry over the killings of Sammy and Vicki
Weaver, who were killed by federal agents at their cabin in Ruby Ridge, Idaho
in August of 1992. Randy Weaver had become a fugitive wanted on a minor weapons
violation. During the stand-off, U.S. Marshals had shot 14-year-old Sammy
Weaver in the back, and had shot Vicki Weaver, Randy's wife, in the face as she
stood at the cabin door holding her infant daughter. McVeigh had traveled to
Ruby Ridge and came back convinced that federal agents intentionally killed the
Although his anger over Waco and Ruby Ridge hardly implicates McVeigh in
the destruction of the Federal Building, the government would make this one of
the cornerstones of it case. The press naturally jumped on the bandwagon. When
Jane Pauley of NBC's Dateline interviewed Jennifer McVeigh about her thoughts
on Waco, she said, "The way I saw it, the Davidians were just a group of people
who had their own way of living, perhaps different from the mainstream. But
they were never really harming anybody. And to bring in all those tanks and
things like that to people who are just minding their own business, not harming
anybody, I just — I don't think that's right."
But the dead, burned children at Waco were not what the producers at
Dateline wanted the public to see. Immediately after Jennifer's statement, they
cut to an image of the bombed-out day care center inside the Murrah Building.
"We… We've been hoping this wouldn't be the case," said the live voice of
an unidentified rescue worker, "but it is the case, there was a day-care inside
Time ran a page dedicated to the Waco theory, stating, "The date
of last week's bombing and the anniversary of the apocalyptic fire (notice they
don't say government massacre) at the Branch Davidian compound in Waco —
has only gained in infamy, intricately bound as it is to the mythologies of
homegrown zealots like McVeigh."
It would appear that the seed that gave root to McVeigh's "homegrown
zeal" was incubated in a U.S. government hothouse and fertilized by a heaping
dose of intelligence agency fanaticism.
After Waco, with the emergence of the Militia Movement, the stage would
be set, the die would be cast — for Timothy McVeigh to be poured into like
a miniature lead soldier. While the FBI and the press admitted that McVeigh
didn't actually belong to any organized militia organization, "there was
considerable evidence that he sympathized with and espoused their beliefs,"
wrote the Times.
He voiced their ideas in conversations, he wrote letters expressing
them, he read their literature and attended their meetings. And he lived,
worked and traded weapons in areas where the paramilitary groups enjoy
Like Lee Harvey Oswald, who appeared to be an avid Communist,
distributing leaflets on behalf of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, McVeigh
would play the part of an avowed Right-winger, distributing literature about
taxes, the Second Amendment, Waco and Ruby Ridge. Like Oswald, who left behind
a diary widely believed to be a CIA forgery, McVeigh was purported to have
similarly documented his own extremist position. According to the
Law enforcement officials say McVeigh left behind a large body of
writings about his ideological leanings, including extensive tracts in letters
to friends and relatives, that describe his belief in the constitutional
principles that he adamantly maintained allowed him to carry firearms and live
without any restraints from the government. Prosecutors are likely to use such
documents to establish his motive at a trial.
Like Oswald, McVeigh's departure from the military was under somewhat
mysterious circumstances. And like Oswald, an ex-Marine with a top-secret
security clearance who appeared to "defect" to the Soviet Union, McVeigh would
appear to be a "disgruntled" ex-Army sergeant who happened to "drift" into the
fringes of the far-Right.
Yet, like Oswald, who lived and worked amongst the bastions of the
far-Right in Dallas while purporting to be a Marxist, McVeigh would not seem to
be the extreme Right-wing fanatic he's been made out to be. In a letter to his
hometown newspaper in February, 1992, he wrote:
At a point when the world has seen Communism falter as an imperfect
system to manage people; democracy seems to be headed down the same road….
Maybe we have to combine ideologies to achieve the perfect utopian government.
Remember, government-sponsored health care was a Communist idea….
Obviously, such views are anathema to the far-Right, who see any attempt
to socialize society as a major step towards the great one-world Communist
conspiracy. It is possible that McVeigh was more progressive than his
Right-wing associates. It is also possible that McVeigh was being sheep-dipped
as a militant Right-winger.
After Waco, McVeigh traveled to Michigan, staying for a time with Terry
Nichols. He worked on Nichols' farm, and went hunting and target practicing.
Neighbors recall how McVeigh and Nichols made and detonated small homemade
bombs. Paul Izydorek, a neighbor, recalls "When they were around, they'd get
different guns and play and shoot and stuff." On at least one occasion,
Izydorek heard blasts at the farm and noticed Terry Nichols and a man he
thought was McVeigh. "I'd seen them playing around with different household
items that you can make blow up. Just small stuff. Just outside in the yard,
Nichols' brother James also admitted to the FBI that McVeigh and Terry
made and exploded "bottle bombs" at his farm, using brake fluid, gasoline, and
diesel fuel, and that he sometimes participated.
In his interview with Newsweek, McVeigh dispelled the myth that
his bomb making was a precursor to more deadly acts. "It would amount to
firecrackers. It was like popping a paper bag," said McVeigh, who had also
experimented with small explosives on his land in Olean, NY prior to entering
Yet a relative also told the FBI that James Nichols kept a large supply
of ammonium nitrate fertilizer on the farm — the very substance federal
authorities accused the suspects of using to manufacture their alleged
truck-bomb, a fact that would become yet another linchpin in the government's
case against the two men.
While in Michigan, McVeigh also started working the gun shows. From
April of 1993 to March of 1995, McVeigh would travel from Kingman, Arizona to
Decker, Michigan, and across the U.S., attending militia meetings and working
the gun show circuit. A gun collector interviewed by the Times said that
he had encountered McVeigh in gun shows ranging from Florida to Oklahoma to
Nevada. "At the S.O.F. (Soldier of Fortune) convention he was kind of wandering
around," said the gun collector, who requested anonymity, "like he was trying
to meet people, maybe make converts. He could make ten friends at a show, just
by his manner and demeanor. He's polite, he doesn't interrupt."
"McVeigh traveled around the country in a rattletrap car," wrote the
Times' Kifner, "his camouflage fatigues clean and pressed, his only
companion a well-thumbed copy of the venomous apocalyptic novel, The Turner
Yet it would seem McVeigh is not the asexual, sociopathic loner that the
press — the New York Times in particular — has made him out to
Had Kifner read the May 5th edition of Newsweek, he would have
discovered that McVeigh had more than an old book for a companion.
Newsweek reported that a Kansas private investigator had tracked down an
old [platonic] girlfriend of McVeigh's — most likely Catina Lawson of
Herrington, Kansas — attempting to convince her to sell her story to a
Robert Jerlow, an Oklahoma City private investigator, was also tracking
down a girlfriend of McVeigh's in Las Vegas. And CNN indicated that authorities had
discovered a letter in the glove compartment to an old girlfriend.
Yet McVeigh's gypsy-like travels across the country in an old beat-up
car were slightly more then unusual. He traveled widely with no visible means
of support, other than trading and selling guns and military paraphernalia. Yet
acquaintances and other witnesses recall he always had wads of cash on him.
Upon his arrest, McVeigh had $2,000 on him. He reportedly had thousands more
stashed away. He also traveled without luggage, making his car and occasional
cheap motels his only home.
"He lived in his car," said the gun dealer quoted in the Times.
"Whatever he owned it was in that car."
According to his sister Jennifer, his closest confidant, "…half the
time we didn't know where he was. Half the time he wouldn't even tell us where
he was living."
Again, one has to ask why McVeigh would voluntarily give up a promising
military career to go careening around the country hawking used military
surplus in an old car.
McVeigh used the name "Tim Tuttle" while working the gun shows, claiming
that the alias was necessary to protect him from people who didn't share his
political views. There is
another possible reason McVeigh may have used an alias however.
At one gun show in Phoenix, an undercover detective reported that
McVeigh had been attempting to sell a flare gun which he claimed could be
converted into a rocket launcher. According to Bill Fitzgerald of the Maricopa
County Attorney's office in Phoenix, McVeigh "took a shell apart and showed
that the interior could be removed and another package put in that could shoot
down an ATF helicopter." He also was reportedly handing out copies of the name
and address of Lon Horiuchi, the FBI sniper who shot and killed Vicki Weaver,
and selling caps with the letters 'ATF' surrounded by bullet holes.
"He had come to see himself as a soldier in his own strange war against
the United States," wrote the Times. McVeigh's mother told an
acquaintance after visiting with him in her home state of Florida that he was
"totally changed," and observed, "it was like he traded one Army for another
While it is highly possible that McVeigh, like many people, genuinely
disliked the ATF and FBI, it is also possible he used such high-profile
anti-government tactics as a ruse while working undercover. While such behavior
might appear extreme, it is a classic agent provocateur technique. The ATF
routinely works undercover at gun shows, searching for people selling illegal
firearms. Who better to lure and entrap unwary victims than a gun dealer
claiming to be virulently anti-ATF. It is also possible that McVeigh was
working undercover for another agency.
In an illuminating series of phone calls to Representative Charles Key,
an anonymous source stated that McVeigh was present at several meetings with
ATF and DEA agents in the days immediately preceding the bombing. The meetings
took place in Oklahoma City at different locations. The ostensible purpose of
the meetings were to provide McVeigh with further instructions, and to
facilitate a payoff.
David Hall of KPOC-TV uncovered information that McVeigh had met with
local ATF agent Alex McCauley in a McDonalds the night before the bombing. The
ATF agent was seen handing McVeigh an envelope. (See Chapter 9)
CNN would cast a pale over this [largely unknown] information by
reporting in June of 1995 that McVeigh had been under surveillance by an
undercover operative at an Arizona gun show two years prior to the bombing.
This fact was reinforced when the Anti-Defamation League of B'Nai B'Rith
(ADL) reported that McVeigh ran an ad for a "rocket launcher" (actually a flare
gun) in the far-Right Spotlight newspaper on August 9, 1993. In fact,
the ad didn't appear until the next week, August 16. McVeigh had
originally paid to have the advertisement run on the 9th. Not being aware of
the Spotlight's impending scheduling conflict, however, the ADL reported
that the ad had run one week before it actually did. This subsumes that the
ADL, long known for its spying and intelligence-gathering activities, had
McVeigh under surveillance as well.
Interestingly, McVeigh's young friend, Catina Lawson, recalled a strange
man who often showed up at summer parties the high-schoolers threw. The
soldiers from nearby Ft. Riley would attend the gatherings looking to meet
girls, and McVeigh and his friends Michael Brescia and Andy Strassmeir (who
lived at the white separatist compound in Southeast Oklahoma known as Elohim
City), would often attend.
Yet the man Catina described was neither a high-schooler nor a soldier.
This mysterious character in his late 30s to mid-40s, who often wore a suit and
a tie and drove a red sports car, was was apparently not there to pick up
girls. As Connie Smith, Catina's mother told me, "The man did not interact with
anyone else… he stayed off… he never interacted with anybody else,"
Barbara Whittenberg, who owned the Sante Fe Trail Diner in Herrington,
Kansas, also remembered the man. The restaurant owner recalled that he would
come in with McVeigh and Terry Nichols, who lived nearby. She didn't know where
he was from, and had never seen him before.
Was McVeigh an informant? Was he working for two different agencies?
Numerous Kennedy researchers have uncovered evidence that Oswald was an FBI
informant at the same time he was being sheep-dipped by the CIA for his role in
the JFK assassination. According to former District Attorney (later federal
judge) Jim Garrison:
Oswald appears to have been extensively manipulated by the CIA for a
long time prior to the assassination and may well have believed he was working
for the government. Oswald was also a confidential informant, a job that
provided additional control over him and may have given him a reason to believe
he was actually penetrating a plot to assassinate the president.
Situations where a person is working for two law-enforcement or
intelligence agencies at the same time are not uncommon.
What is uncommon is for a man like McVeigh to give up a promising
military career to hawk used duffel bags from an old car. But then again, in
the twilight netherworld of intelligence operations, things aren't always what
While in Michigan, McVeigh also began tuning in to the Voice of America
and Radio Free America on his shortwave. He was drawn to personalities like
Chuck Harder, Jack McLamb, and Mark Koernke, all conveying an anti-federalist,
anti-New World Order message. "He sent me a lot of newsletters and stuff from
those groups he was involved in," said Warnement, then stationed in Germany.
"There were newsletters from Bo Gritz's group, some other odd newsletters, some
from the Patriots; then he sent that videotape 'The Big Lie' about
McVeigh also began attending militia meetings. According to Michigan
Militia member Eric Maloney, McVeigh was present at a truck-stop near Detroit
for a January 25, 1995 meeting of approximately 70 members of the Oakland
County Six Brigade. Members had obtained photographs of T-72 tanks and other
Russian vehicles en route via railway flatcars to Camp Grayling, an Air
National Guard base in northern Michigan. Although the captured Iraqi tanks
were for target practice, the militiamen interpreted the equipment as proof
positive of a UN plan to disarm American citizens and declare martial law.
According to Maloney and militia member Joseph Ditzhazy, a plot was
hatched to attack the base by Mark Koernke, a high-profile militia spokesman
known to his radio listeners as "Mark from Michigan." According to Maloney,
Koernke said, "We can either take them out now while we're still able to, or
wait until the sons of bitches are rolling down the street…" Three days
later, about 20 members met at a farm near Leonard to discuss plans for the
attack. According to Maloney, McVeigh was one of 13 who volunteered for the
assault. "McVeigh was there," recalled Maloney on ABC's Prime Time Live.
"My wife sat next to him. He was very attentive, very interested in being
involved in that operation, volunteered his services."
The plan never came off. Ditzhazy and Maloney alerted State Police, who
then contacted federal authorities. When the plot was made public, the Michigan
Militia issued a press release stating that the plan was the brainchild of
Koernke, working alongside a group of renegade members. Others who attended the
meetings said that it was actually Maloney who pushed the plan, and had to be
dissuaded from going through with it. Interestingly, Maloney was to provide
weapons training for several of the attackers, and Ditzhazy, who made
audio-tapes of the meetings, is a former military intelligence officer. When
the FBI was contacted about Ditzhazy's claim that the plot was hatched by
McVeigh and others, the FBI refused comment.
What is also interesting is that Koernke himself is a former Army
intelligence officer. Koernke, a veteran of the 70th Army Reserve Division in
Livonia, Michigan, refers to himself as an "intelligence analyst" and
"counterintelligence coordinator" with a "top-secret clearance." He also
purports to have trained two "special-warfare" brigades that trained Army
personnel in "foreign warfare and tactics." While his claims may be
exaggerated, Koernke did attend the Army's intelligence school at Fort
Huachuca, Arizona. He returned to Michigan an E-5 specialist with a G-2
(security) section of a peacetime Reserve unit.
Koernke quickly rose to become one of the most sought after speakers on
the Patriot circuit, leading off seminars in over 40 states. His video,
America in Peril, sounds apocalyptic warnings of the coming New World
Order, including plans by the Council of Foreign Relations, the Trilateral
Commission, and the Bilderbergers to dominate and enslave America — with
of course, a little help from Russian troops, Nepalese Gurkhas, and L.A. street
gangs. It would seem that
Koernke is employing a time-tested technique of intelligence PSYOP
disinformation. While purporting to rail against what may be genuine plans of a
New World Order cabal, Koernke slips in just enough ridiculous disinformation
to discredit his thesis, and by association, anyone who supports it.
After the bombing, the media put Koernke in its spotlight. Koernke has
boasted freely to friends that he was once employed as a "provocateur." He
didn't say exactly for whom. In his tape, Koernke is shown holding an AK-47 and
a cord of rope, stating: "Now, I did some basic math the other day, not New
World Order math, and I found that using the old-style math you can get about
four politicians for about 120 foot of rope. And, by the way, DuPont made this.
It is very fitting that one of the New World Order crowd should provide us with
the resources to liberate our nation.…"
While the author personally has no qualms about stringing up the
DuPonts, the Rockefellers and many other icons of the
military-industrial-establishment, Koernke's rant smacks of the classic art of
propaganda — that of the agent provocateur. Many in the Militia movement
have accused him of just that.*
On September 8, 1994, Fowerville, Michigan police stopped a car that
contained three men in camouflage and black face paint, armed with three 9mm
semiautomatics, a .357 Magnum, an assortment of assault rifles, and 7,000
rounds of ammunition. The men claimed to be Koernke's bodyguards.
Ken Kirkland, an official of the St. Lucia County, Florida Militia said
that McVeigh was acting as Koernke's bodyguard at a March 1994 meeting.
Kirkland recalled a bodyguard in Army camouflage clothes resembling McVeigh who
introduced himself as "Tim" and was "really upset about Waco."
Koernke and McVeigh both deny this. As McVeigh told Newsweek
"…I was never to one of their meetings, either."
Was Koernke's "bodyguard" actually Tim McVeigh? In the September, 1995
issue of Soldier of Fortune, an ATF agent — the spitting image of
Tim McVeigh — is seen accompanying ATF Agent Robert Rodriquez to the trial
of the Branch Davidians. Was this in fact the "McVeigh" who accompanied
Given both mens' mysterious backgrounds, their curious intersections in
Florida and Michigan, and the Camp Grayling and Fowerville incidents, it is
highly likely that we are looking at two agent provocateurs.
Other evidence of McVeigh's apparent employment as an agent provocateur
would surface later. In a statement he made to Newsweek in response to a
question about Reno and Clinton asking for the death penalty, McVeigh said: "I
thought it was awfully hypocritical, especially because in some ways the
government was responsible for doing it. I thought she was playing both sides
of the fence." One must wonder just how McVeigh knows that "in some ways" the
government was "responsible for doing it."
McVeigh's own insurrectionist tendencies began coming to fruition
towards the end of 1993, according to authorities, when McVeigh informed his
sister that he was part of an anti-government group that was robbing banks.
This startling revelation came in the form of three $100 bills he sent to
Jennifer in a letter dated December 24, 1993. The money was part of the
proceeds from a bank heist. As Jennifer told the FBI on May 2, 1995:
"He had been involved in a bank robbery but did not provide any further
details concerning the robbery. He advised me that he had not actually
participated in the robbery itself, but was somehow involved in the planning or
setting up of this robbery. Although he did not identify the participants by
name, he stated that 'they' had committed the robbery. His purpose for relating
this information to me was to request that I exchange some of my own money for
what I recall to be approximately three (3) $100.00 bills.
"He explained that this money was from the bank robbery and he wished to
circulate this money through me. To the best of my recollection, I then gave my
brother what I recall to be approximately $300.00 of my personal cash, in
exchange for 3 $100.00 bills, which I deposited within the next several days in
an account at the Unit No. 1 Federal credit Union, Lockport, New York."
Jennifer also recalled Tim stating, "Persons who rob banks may not be
criminals at all. He implied Jews are running the country and a large degree of
control is exercised by the Free Masons. Banks are the real thieves and the
income tax is illegal."
Was Timothy McVeigh in fact a bank robber? If so, it is possible he was
inspired by the Turner Diaries. The protagonists in that novel finance
their overthrow of the "Zionist Occupational Government" by robbing banks and
armored cars. As previously discussed, the book became a real life inspiration
for Robert Matthew's Order, also known as "The Silent Brotherhood," which was
engaged in heists of banks and armored cars throughout the Midwest during the
1980s. The Order was part of the white Aryan supremacist community that sought
to establish an all-white homeland in the Northwest.
In December of 1984, Mathews was killed in a shoot-out with the FBI and
police, and the Order disintegrated. Yet the white supremacist movement lived
on, in such guises as the Aryan Nations, White Aryan Resistance (WAR), and a
new, as yet unheard of group — the Aryan Republican Army, whose members
are believed to be direct descendants of the Order.
It was to this last group that Timothy McVeigh would be drawn, at a
rural white separatist religious community in southeast Oklahoma called Elohim
City. It was there that McVeigh would meet such self-styled revolutionaries as
Peter "Commander Pedro" Langan, who, along with Scott Stedeford, Kevin
McCarthy, and the late Richard Guthrie, would go on to rob over 22 banks across
the Midwest, collecting a total of $250,000.
In a recruitment video obtained by the McCurtain Gazette, Langan
appears in a disguise, explaining the goals of the ARA — the overthrow of
the Federal Government, and the subsequent execution of all Jews and the
deportation of all non-whites from the U.S.
In the tape, made only a few months before the Oklahoma City bombing,
Langan says, "Federal buildings may have to be bombed and civilian loss of life
is regrettable but expected."
According to ATF informant Carol Howe, interviewed by Gazette
reporter J.D. Cash, both McVeigh and Fortier had visited Elohim City, as had
Langan, Guthrie, Stedeford and McCarthy. A secret recording made by the
informant apparently reveals discussions between Andreas Strassmeir, Elohim
City's chief of security (also suspected of being an informant), and various
ARA members, discussing plans to blow up federal buildings. While it is not
known if McVeigh was intimately involved with the ARA bank robbers, he was seen
with Strassmeir and ARA associate Michael Brescia at parties in Kansas, and at
a bar in Tulsa shortly before the bombing. McVeigh had also called Elohim City
looking for Strassmeir the day after he reserved the Ryder truck allegedly
used in the bombing.
In the Fall on 1994, McVeigh and Terry Nichols allegedly began hoarding
ammonium nitrate and diesel fuel. By mid-October, the pair had, according to
official accounts, managed to stockpile approximately 4,000 pounds of
fertilizer, which they stashed in storage lockers from Kansas to
Like Mohammed Salemeh, a World Trade Center bombing suspect arrested
when he attempted to retrieve his truck rental deposit, McVeigh would be linked
to the bombing by the first in a chain of damning evidence — his
thumbprint on a fertilizer receipt found in Terry Nichols' home; inquires about
bomb-making materials made on his calling-card; and the paperwork used to rent
the Ryder truck itself.
Like Salemeh's rental receipt which had traces of ANFO on it, McVeigh's
clothes would allegedly contain traces of a detonator cord known as
PDTN. Like the World Trade
Center bombers who stockpiled bomb-making equipment in rented storage lockers
in New Jersey, McVeigh and Nichols would store their ammonium nitrate in rented
lockers in Kansas and Arizona. And like the World Trade Center bombers who
called commercial chemical companies requesting bomb-making materials, McVeigh
would implicate himself by using a traceable phone card to make his
The most damming evidence linking McVeigh to the crime would be the
witness sightings placing him at the Murrah Building just before the bombing,
following the Ryder truck, then speeding away in his yellow Mercury several
minutes before the blast.
Yet the most curious evidence implicating McVeigh in the bombing came
from witnesses who say he cased the building on December 16, when he and
Michael Fortier drove through Oklahoma City en route to Kansas, then again
approximately one and a half weeks before the bombing.
Danielle Wise Hunt, who operated the Stars and Stripes Child Development
Center in the Murrah Building, told the FBI that on December 16, a clean-cut
man wearing camouflage fatigues approached her, seeking to place his two
children in the day care center. Hunt told agents that the man didn't ask
typical parent-type questions, but instead wanted to know about the day-care
center's security. Hunt thought he might be a potential kidnapper. Later, after
seeing his face on TV, she recognized the man as Timothy McVeigh.
If the man was indeed Timothy McVeigh, it is curious why he would later
claim he was unaware of the day-care center in the building. If McVeigh was so
upset about the deaths of innocent children at Waco, why would he knowingly
bomb a building containing innocent children as an act of revenge?
Yet this "act of revenge" is precisely what the government claims
motived him. Such an act could only be the result of a deranged man. Yet
McVeigh is anything but deranged. In his July 3rd Newsweek interview, he
said, "For two days, in the cell, we could hear news reports; and of course
everyone, including myself, was horrified at the deaths of the children. And
you know, that was the No. 1 focal point of the media at the time, too,
obviously — the deaths of the children. It's a very tragic thing."
Perhaps "deranged" isn't the proper word; perhaps "controlled" would be
more appropriate. After his arrest, McVeigh was shown photographs of the dead
children. He claimed to have no emotional reaction. Again, this could very well
be indicative of a psychologically-controlled individual.
There is another strong possibility. The man whom witnesses say is
Timothy McVeigh may not have been Timothy McVeigh at all.
"Lee Harvey" McVeigh
As previously discussed, McVeigh, along with his friends Andreas
Strassmeir, Mike Fortier, and Michael Brescia attended parties in Herrington,
Kansas in the Summer of '92. Catina Lawson was actually good friends with
McVeigh, and her roommate, Lindsey Johnson, dated Michael Brescia. Lawson's
accounts are well documented.
Yet calling card records obtained by the Rocky Mountain News
indicate that each call charged to the card during 1992 originated within
western New York, where McVeigh was working as a security guard for Burns
International Security. There appears to be little time he could have gone to
Kansas to party with teen-agers.
Dr. Paul Heath, the VA psychologist who worked in the Murrah Building
and survived the blast, spoke to an individual named "McVeigh" late one Friday
afternoon, a week and a half before the bombing. In an interview with the
author, he described in vivid detail his encounter with "McVeigh" and two other
men, one of whom appears to be one of the elusive John Doe 2s.
"I've narrowed this to probably a Friday [April 7], at around three
o'clock," recalls Heath. "A bell rang in the outer office of room 522. No one
answered, so I went out to the waiting room…. A man came in with two
others to apply for a job. One other was American-Indian looking, the other was
Caucasian. A male individual was standing there, and I introduced myself as Dr.
Heath, 'how can I help you?' and this individual said 'my name is something'
and I don't remember what his first name was, but he told me his last name
"So I said 'can I help you?' and he said 'well, we're here looking for
work.' and I said 'what kind of work are we looking for?' He said 'we
are looking for construction work.' And I said, 'well Mr. Birmbaum, the
gentleman who is the job counselor for the state jobs office, is not here.' And
this individual — I asked him if I could go back and get the job openings
from the job counselor's desk — and he said 'no, that won't be necessary.'
So I said, 'well, I'm very familiar with the area, and I could give you some
job leads,' and I began to tell him about job leads, and began to give him some
names and some different projects, and I said 'would you like me to get you the
phone book; I could get you the state jobs offices.' He said, 'no, that won't
"And about somewhere along in this conversation, the man who was sitting
on the east wall, directly behind the man who named himself as McVeigh, came up
behind the man, and said 'can I use your phone?' I would describe him as
vanilla, 5'7" or 5'9", mid-30's. [Then] the third party who was in the office,
looked directly at me, made eye contact with me, and… I got the impression
that this individual's nationality was Native American, or half-Native American
or half-Mexican American or a foreign national. He was handsome — at one
time my mind said maybe he was from South America.
"I… continued to talk to Mr. McVeigh and I said, 'Mr. McVeigh, did
you take anything in high school that would be beneficial for me to know about
so I could refer you to a different type of job?' And he said, 'well, probably
not.' And I said, 'well, where did you go to high school?' And he either said
up north or New York. And then I said, 'Where are you living?' And he said,
'Well, I've been living in Kansas.' So then I said, 'Do you happen to be a
member of the McVay family from Cussing, Oklahoma?' …he said, 'Well Dr.
Heath, how do they spell their name?' 'Well I assume, M-c-V-a-y.' And he took
his finger, and he kind of put it in my face and said, 'Well Dr. Heath,' in
kind of a boisterous way, 'Dr. Heath, you remember this. My name is McVeigh,
but you don't spell it M-c-V-a-y….'"
What Dr. Heath was describing appears to have been Timothy McVeigh and
his co-conspirators casing the Murrah Building. As the press reported, the men
went floor-to-floor, asking job-related questions and picking up applications.
Yet if McVeigh had already cased the building on December 16, as reported by
Danielle Hunt, why would he need to case it again?
Moreover, if McVeigh wanted to case the building, why would he do it in
such a conspicuous manner? Why would he go from floor-to-floor asking about job
openings, then pretend not to be interested in following them up? And… if
McVeigh was planning on committing such a horrific crime, why would he make it
a point to tell people his name, saying to Dr. Heath, "You remember this…
My name is McVeigh."
Former Federal Grand Juror Hoppy Heidelberg concurs. "Why would McVeigh
walk around the building before the blast telling people his name?"
If McVeigh was keen on informing people of his identity before
committing the crime, he apparently was on a roll. On Saturday, April 8,
McVeigh and friends Andreas Strassmeir and Michael Brescia — both living
at Elohim City at the time — were seen at Lady Godiva's topless bar in
Tulsa, Oklahoma. According to a security camera videotape obtained by J.D. Cash
of the McCurtain Gazette, and Trish Wood of CBC, McVeigh's boasts were
the topic of discussion among the dancers that night. In the tape, one of the
girls named Tara is overheard relating the conversation to another girl in the
"...he goes, 'I'm a very smart man.' I said, you are? And he goes, 'Yes,
you're going to find an (inaudible) and they're going to hurt you real bad.' I
was, like, 'Oh really?' And he goes, 'Yes, and you're going to remember me on
April 19, 1995. You're going to remember me for the rest of your life.'
Laughing, she replies, "Oh, really?"
"Yes you will," McVeigh says.
The sighting of McVeigh in Tulsa on April 8, along with an older, pale
yellow Ryder truck that appeared to be privately-owned, directly contradicts
the testimony of the maid at the Imperial Motel who says McVeigh was there each
However, phone records indicate that McVeigh made a steady series of
calls up until April 7, which suddenly resumed again on the 11th. Could McVeigh
have flown to Oklahoma to pick up the old Ryder truck, then have flown back to
Kingman several days later? As J.D. Cash notes in the September 25, 1996
It is not merely idle speculation that McVeigh flew to eastern Oklahoma
or western Arkansas to pick up the second truck. Records subpoenaed by the
government indicate McVeigh may have made such a trip to Fort Smith, Ark.,
between March 31 and April 14, 1995. Curiously, an employee of the airport taxi
service in Fort Smith could not elaborate on why the taxi firm's records for
that period were seized by federal agents working on what the government calls
the "OKBOMB" case.
If McVeigh actually did fly from Arizona to Arkansas, then drive the
truck to Kansas, then fly back to Arizona again, he apparently was a very busy
man. Witness accounts and phone records put him in Oklahoma City on the 7th, in
Tulsa on the 8th, in Kansas from the 10th to the 14th (although he's supposed
to be in Kingman on the 11th and 12th), then back in Oklahoma City on the 14th,
15th and 16th (when he's supposedly in Kansas) then in Kansas on the 17th and
18th (when he's also seen in Oklahoma City), and finally in Oklahoma City on
the 19th, the day of the bombing.
While McVeigh was supposedly seen at Terry Nichols' house in Herrington,
Kansas on the 13th, witness David Snider saw his car in Oklahoma City. A
Bricktown warehouse worker, Snider remembers seeing McVeigh's distinctive
yellow Mercury whiz past around 2:30 p.m., not far from downtown. Snider is
certain it was the same battered yellow Mercury driven by McVeigh. "I was
standing there with my friend, who does auto bodywork," said Snider, "when the
car went past. I turned to him and said, 'My Mom used to have a car just like
that… It looks like homeboy needs a primer job.'" Snider said the car had
an Oklahoma tag, as witness Gary Lewis later reported, not an Arizona tag as
the FBI claims.
On Thursday, April 13, a federal employee in the Murrah Building saw two
men, one of whom she later identified as McVeigh. She was riding the elevator
when it stopped at the second floor. When the doors opened, there were two men
in janitorial smocks waiting to get on. She didn't recognize the men as any of
the regular janitors, and thought it odd that they turned away when she looked
in their direction.
On Monday, April 17, janitors Katherine Woodly and Martin Johnson, who
were working the 5-9 p.m. shift, saw McVeigh and his companion again. Martin
said McVeigh spoke to him about a job, and the man who resembled John Doe 2
nodded to Woodly.
That same day, or possibly the following day, Debbie Nakanashi, an
employee at the Post Office across from the Murrah Building, saw the pair when
they stopped by and asked where they might find federal job applications. It
was Nakanashi who provided the description for the well-known profile sketch of
John Doe 2 in the baseball cap.
Craig Freeman, a retired Air Force master sergeant who works in the same
office as Dr. Heath, was one of the people who saw McVeigh in Oklahoma when he
was supposedly in Kansas. Freeman recalls sharing the elevator with a man who
resembled McVeigh on Friday, April 14. "The guy was tall… What struck me
is his hair was cut real low. I thought he was a skinhead." Freeman, who is
black, said 'Hey man, how's it going?' "And he looked at me like he was just
disgusted with me being there. Most people in the building speak to each other,
you know, so I spoke to this guy, and he looked at me like… pure hate."
About a week and a half before the bombing, a HUD employee named Joan
was riding the elevator with a man she described as Timothy McVeigh. What
struck her was the man's strict military demeanor. He stared straight ahead
making no eye-contact or conversation. "He won't last long in this building,"
Joan thought to herself.
The Friday before the bombing, when Craig Freeman walked out of the
building to mail his taxes, he saw an individual he believes to have been Terry
Nichols, "because he looked just like the picture of him," said Freeman. "He
was standing there, he had a blue plaid shirt on. He was standing in the front
of the building — he was just standing there, looking kind of confused.
You know, how somebody looks when they're nervous."
Was the man in the elevator Freeman was describing actually Timothy
McVeigh? According to phone records obtained from the Dreamland Motel, McVeigh
made several phone calls from his room on the morning of Friday, April 14. Is
it still possible that McVeigh drove down to Oklahoma City in the afternoon?
If he did, he would had to have been back in Kansas by early next
morning. Barbara Whittenberg, owner of the Santa Fe Trail Diner in Herrington,
remembers serving breakfast to Nichols, McVeigh, and John Doe 2 around 6:00
a.m. on Saturday.
"I asked them why they had a Ryder truck outside," said Whittenberg. "I
wasn't being nosy, I just wondered if Terry Nichols was moving. My sister was
moving here, and she needed to find a place. Well, the guy who they haven't
arrested yet — John Doe #2 — he blurted out that they were going to
Oklahoma. When that happened, it was like someone threw ice water on the
conversation… McVeigh and Nichols just stared at the guy"
A dancer in Junction City, Kansas had the same experience as
Whittenberg, when four of the suspects stopped by the Hollywood Supper Club
around 10:30 that evening. The dancer, who we'll call Sherrie, definitely
recognized two of the men as McVeigh and Nichols.
"The only reason I really remember it," said Sherrie, "is just because I
had a conversation with one of them about Oklahoma, and my husband's family is
from Oklahoma. He said they were planing a trip down there, and he said —
I think it was for hunting or something.… then one of them kind of gave
him a look, and they changed the subject.…"
Sherrie also said one of the men, who was quiet and sat in the corner,
appeared to be Middle-Eastern. The other was Hispanic or part Hispanic, and was
friendly. When he mentioned Oklahoma, Nichols shot him a hard look.
Additionally, while the records at Elliott's Body Shop indicate that
"Bob Kling" rented his truck on April 17, Barbara Whittenberg saw the truck
outside her restaurant on the 15th. Later that day she saw it at Geary State
Fishing Lake, along with three people and a light-colored car, possibly a
Thunderbird, with Arizona tags.
Backing up Whittenberg is Lee McGowan, owner of the Dreamland Motel in
Junction City, where McVeigh stayed from April 14 to April 17. McGowan told the
FBI that McVeigh was in possession of his truck the day before "Kling"
allegedly rented his. She remembered the day clearly because it was Easter
McGowan's son, Eric, as well as motel resident David King and his
mother, also stated that they saw McVeigh driving an older faded yellow Ryder
truck at the motel around 4 p.m. on April 16.
Yet McGowan's testimony contradicts that of Phyliss Kingsley and Linda
Kuhlman, who worked at the Hi-Way Grill in Newcastle, just south of Oklahoma
City. The two women saw McVeigh and three companions around 6:00 p.m. on April
16, when they stopped in the restaurant and ordered hamburgers and fries to go.
The two women distinctly recall the Ryder truck pulling into the restaurant at
SW 104th and Portland, accompanied by a white Chevy long-bed pick-up, and an
older, darker, possibly blue pick-up, which may have belonged to Terry Nichols.
Accompanying McVeigh was a short, stocky, handsome man, of either Mexican or
American Indian descent. The man closely resembled the FBI sketch of John Doe
2, they said.
According to the FBI, this was the same day that McVeigh called Nichols
from a pay phone at Tim's Amoco in Herrington, Kansas at 3:08 p.m., and asked
him to drive him to Oklahoma City. It would have been impossible for McVeigh
and Nichols to drive from Junction City to Oklahoma City in less than four
Reports soon surfaced that "McVeigh" had stayed at a motel south of
downtown Oklahoma City on the night of the 18th. Witnesses recall seeing a
yellow Ryder truck, and two companions. They recall that "McVeigh" gave them a
"go to hell look" as he pulled away.
Later that morning, at 8:35 a.m., Tulsa banker Kyle Hunt was driving to
an appointment when he came upon the Ryder truck at Main and Broadway, trailed
by a yellow Mercury. "…for some reason I thought they were out of state,
moving and lost in downtown Oklahoma City," said Hunt. "I felt sorry for them
and then when I pulled up beside them, I got that cold icy stare from a guy
that had a real short GI haircut…."
Hunt described the driver of the Mercury as Timothy McVeigh. "He gave me
that icy, go-to-hell look," said Hunt. "It kind of unnerved me." While Hunt
didn't see the occupants of the truck, he did recall two passengers in the
Mercury. The rear occupant, said Hunt, had long hair, similar to the suspect
Phyliss Kingsley and Linda Kuhlman saw on Sunday at the Hi-Way Grill south of
Around the same time as Hunt saw this convoy, David Snider, a warehouse
worker in Bricktown, a few blocks southeast of downtown, saw a heavily loaded
Ryder truck with two men inside, slowly making its way towards him. Snider had
been expecting a delivery that morning, and explained that people sometimes get
lost because the loading dock is on a different street than the warehouse. The
time was 8:35 a.m. Thinking the truck was his delivery, Snider waved them down.
Snider, who by now was gesticulating wildly, became frustrated as the two men,
staring at him, continued on their way.
While he never received his delivery, Snider did get a good look at the
truck, and the two men. The truck appeared to be an older model with a cab
overhang, not the newer version the FBI claimed was destroyed in the bombing.
Snider described the driver as a barrel-chested, dark-skinned male with
long, straight black hair, parted in the middle, wearing a thin small mustache.
The man, who was also wearing tear-drop style sunglasses and a dark shirt, was
of American Indian or Hispanic decent. (See sketch) "I lived in New Mexico for
years," said Snider; "I know the look." The passenger, wearing a white T-shirt,
Snider said, was Timothy McVeigh.
"He looked at me like 'who the hell are you?' — real attitude,"
recalls Snider, and began yelling profanities at the loading-dock worker.
Snider, who was not in a great mood that morning to begin with, yelled back,
"Fuck you, you skin-head motherfucker!"
Snider and Hunt weren't the only individuals who saw McVeigh and the
Ryder truck that morning. At 8:40 a.m., Mike Moroz and Brian Marshall were busy
at work at Johnny's Tire Store on 10th and Hudson, when a yellow Ryder truck
pulled in looking for directions to the Murrah Building. The driver, who Moroz
later identified as Timothy McVeigh, was wearing a white T-shirt and a black
ball cap on backwards. Moroz caught a glimpse of the passenger — a stocky
man with dark curly hair, a tattoo on his upper left arm, and a ball cap worn
similar to McVeigh's. The passenger, said Moroz, stared straight ahead, never
turning to look in his direction.
Moroz then proceeded to give directions to McVeigh, whom he described as
polite, friendly, and relaxed — quite interesting considering that McVeigh
is supposedly minutes away from murdering 169 people. After thanking Moroz,
McVeigh got back in the truck, sat there for a few minutes, then took off in
the direction of the Federal Building.
At approximately the same time as McVeigh was seen driving the Mercury
by Kyle Hunt, and seen as a passenger in the Ryder truck by David Snider, and
seen driving the Ryder truck by Mike Moroz, he was then seen driving the
Mercury by attorney James Linehan.
As previously discussed, Linehan, a Midwest City attorney, was stopped
at a red light at the northwest corner of 4th and Robinson, one block from the
Murrah Building. Late for an appointment, Linehan looked at his watch. It read
8:38 a.m. When he looked back up, he noticed a pale yellow Mercury stopped
beside him. While he could not positively I.D. the driver, he described him as
having sharp, pointed features, and smooth pale skin.
A second later, the Mercury driver gunned his engine, ran the red light,
and disappeared into the underground parking garage of the Murrah Building.
Is it possible these witnesses are describing are two different people?
In Snider's account, the driver is an American Indian or Hispanic man with
long, straight black hair, wearing sunglasses. The passenger is McVeigh.
Neither one is wearing a ball cap. The time is 8:35 a.m. In Moroz's account,
the driver is McVeigh, while the passenger is a stocky man with short curly
hair. Both men are wearing ball caps on backwards. The time is 8:40 a.m.
Snider and Moroz both saw a Ryder truck containing Timothy McVeigh, yet
with completely different companions. While Snider was yelling at McVeigh in
the Ryder truck in Bricktown, Hunt was watching the truck being trailed by
McVeigh in the Mercury several blocks away. A few minutes later, Linehan
watched as the Mercury drove into the Murrah Building garage.
Moreover, each witness saw these convoys at approximately the same time.
It is possible that the heavily loaded truck seen by Snider could have made it
from 25 East California in Bricktown to 10th and Hudson in five minutes. But in
order to do so, they would have had to drop off one man, pick up another,
exchange places in the truck, and put on ball caps. Then they would have to
drive a distance of approximately 25 blocks — during morning rush hour
traffic. Possible, but not too likely.
Is it possible one of these witnesses has his story wrong? Well, if he
does, he has it really wrong. How could an apparently credible witnesses
mistake a short-curly-haired man with a black ball cap for a
long-straight-haired man with tear-drop sunglasses? One who is clearly the
passenger, the other who is clearly the driver? In numerous interviews with the
author and other journalists, Snider went into great detail about his
encounter, and never wavered.
In a taped interview with Mike Moroz, he struck me as a sincere, sober,
young man. Both Linehan and Hunt are solid, professional people. It is not
likely that these witnesses are relaying inaccurate information.
"Their stories really seem to check out," said video producer Chuck
Allen, who interviewed many witnesses. "They go into great depth and detail
about all this. If you ever meet these guys, you'll know their stories are very
strong — very believable."
Researchers have also questioned why McVeigh, who had supposedly been to
the Murrah Building at least three times — once on December 16, again a
week and a half before the bombing, then again on April 14 — would need to
ask directions to it when he was only six blocks away. But according to Moroz,
who has helped more than a few lost travelers, the number of one-way streets in
the downtown area often confuses people. "A lot of people get lost down here,
even people who live here, he said"
Finally, HUD employee Germaine Johnston was walking through an alley
approximately two blocks from the Murrah Building about 15 minutes after the
blast, when she ran into McVeigh and another man. "They were just standing
there watching," said Johnston.
McVeigh then asked the dazed passerby "Was anyone killed?" When Johnston
answered that numerous people had been killed, including many children,
McVeigh's expression suddenly turned sad. He and his companion then got up and
Mike Moroz was eventually called in to identify McVeigh in a photo
line-up. Yet he was never called to testify before the Federal Grand Jury.
Snider was initially interviewed by two FBI agents, including Weldon Kennedy
and Rob Ricks [of Waco fame], but was never brought in to a line-up or called
to testify before the Federal Grand Jury.
Considering he had close and sustained contact with "McVeigh" and
several of his associates, Dr. Heath should have been a key prosecution
witness. Yet the FBI never called Dr. Heath in to identify McVeigh in a
line-up. Nor was Dr. Heath ever called before the Federal Grand Jury. Nor was
Freeman ever called in to see a line-up, or before the grand jury. Linehan,
Hunt, Johnston, and numerous other witnesses were likewise never called.
On May 10, the Los Angeles Times reported, "Investigators said
authorities theorize that John Doe 2 could be two people, and that McVeigh and
his alleged conspirators could have used different men to accompany him in
order to serve as 'decoys' and confuse investigators trying to trace his
The Los Angeles Times report, which would tend to account for the
two different trucks, only gives half the story. What they aren't saying is
that not only were there at least two John Doe 2s — there apparently were
two "Timothy McVeighs." One was probably a double.
The use of doubles in espionage work is not new. In fact, the use of
impostors, look-alikes and doubles was well-documented in the JFK and Martin
Luther King assassinations.
Like the "Lee Harvey Oswald" who was seen filing out numerous job
applications in New Orleans, "McVeigh" was seen going floor-to-floor in the
Federal Building in Oklahoma. Except that the "Oswald" who filled out job
applications listed his height as 5' 9", while the real Oswald's height was 5'
According to employees at Elliott's Body Shop in Junction City, the
"McVeigh" (alias "Kling") who rented the truck on April 17 was of medium build,
5' 10" to 5' 11" and weighed 180-185 pounds. Elliott's employee Tom Kessinger
stated on his FBI FD-383 report that the man had a "rough" complexion with
"acne." (See Appendix)
The only problem is, Timothy McVeigh is 6' 2," weighs 160 pounds, and
has a totally clear complexion. Another shop employee, Vicki Beemer, said the
man had a deformed chin, unlike the real McVeigh.
Nevertheless, federal prosecutors would claim that a "little curlicue"
on the "K" in "Kling's" signature was indicative of McVeigh's handwriting. Yet
if McVeigh was the same person who rented the truck at Elliott's on the 17th,
why didn't he also use an alias while signing the motel register? While the
"McVeigh" who rented the truck listed his name as "Bob Kling," 428 Malt Drive,
Redfield, SD, the "McVeigh" who checked into the Dreamland, right down the
street, signed his name as "Tim McVeigh," and listed his address as 3616 North
Van Dyke Road, Decker, Michigan, the home of James Nichols.
If McVeigh was planning on committing such a heinous crime, certainly he
would not leave such a blatantly incriminating trail of evidence. This makes
about as much sense as McVeigh going from floor-to-floor in the Murrah Building
filling out job applications and announcing his name. Or telling a dancer in
Tulsa, "You're going to remember me on April 19th."
These preposterous scenes were practically identical to those of
all-time patsy Lee Harvey Oswald. In early November of 1963, a "Lee Harvey
Oswald" applied for a job as a parking lot attendant at the Southland Hotel.
During his interview with the manager, he asked if there was a good view of
downtown Dallas from the hotel.
On January 20, 1961, two men, one representing himself as "Lee Harvey
Oswald," walked into the Bolton Ford dealership in New Orleans and requested a
bid for 10 pick-up trucks, ostensibly for the Friends of Democratic Cuba
Committee. The only problem was, Lee Harvey Oswald was in Russia at the
Then in September of 1963, a man purporting to be "Lee Harvey Oswald"
showed up at the Mexican Consulate in New Orleans. According to Mrs. Fenella
Farrington, "Oswald" said, "What do you have to do to take firearms or a gun
A "Lee Harvey Oswald" subsequently phoned, then showed up at the Soviet
embassy in Mexico City, speaking with a trade consultant who was allegedly a
member of the KGB's "liquid affairs" bureau (hit squad). The CIA later turned
over to the Warren Commission a surveillance snapshot of a man they claimed was
Oswald at the Soviet embassy. The man looked nothing like Oswald.
On April 17, 1995, a "Bob Kling" showed up at Elliott's Body Shop in
Junction City, Kansas and rented a Ryder truck. Yet according to surveillance
footage taken from a nearby McDonalds, McVeigh was sitting in the restaurant
eating a hamburger at the time. He was wearing completely different clothes
than those ascribed to "Kling."
Yet the FBI contends that McVeigh left the restaurant 20 minutes before
the truck was rented, walked the 1.3 miles to Elliott's — a fifteen-minute
walk — in a light rain, then showed up at Elliott's nice and dry, wearing
completely different clothes.
In November of 1963, a "Lee Oswald" walked into the downtown Lincoln
Mercury dealership in Dallas announcing his intention to buy a Mercury Comet.
According to the salesman, Albert Bogard, "Mr. Oswald" took him on a wild test
drive, speeding along at 60 to 70 miles an hour. After he was told the amount
of the down payment, another salesman, Eugene Wilson, heard "Oswald" say,
"Maybe I'm going to have to go back to Russia to buy a car."
During the Warren Commission hearings, salesman Frank Pizzo described
the customer as 5' 8" tall. When the Warren Commission showed Pizzo a photo of
Oswald taken after his arrest, he said, "I have to say that he is not the
After the bombing in Oklahoma City, ATF informant Carol Howe told the
FBI that she recognized the two men on the FBI's original wanted posters as
Peter Ward and Michael Brescia — two Elohim City residents. She said that
neither man was Tim McVeigh.
In early November of 1963, Mrs. Lovell Penn of Dallas found three men
firing a rifle on her property. After they left, she found a spent cartridge
bearing the name "Mannlicher-Carcanno," the rifle that the Warren Commission
claimed Oswald used to perform his historic feat of marksmanship in Dealy
As District Attorney Jim Garrison later noted, "These scenes were about
as subtle as roaches trying to sneak across a white rug."
No less subtle were the scenes and events leading up to the Oklahoma
City bombing. It is highly possible that the man Dr. Heath saw in the Murrah
Building a week and-a-half before the bombing was not Timothy McVeigh at all,
but a double. The scenario of Timothy McVeigh — the alleged "lone nut"
bomber — going from floor-to-floor in the target building announcing his
name while leaving a paper trail is beyond credulity.
Like Oswald, who repeatedly telephoned, then appeared at the Soviet
embassy in Mexico, McVeigh would telephone Elohim City — a white
separatist compound — just before the bombing, asking to speak to Andy
Like Oswald, who left behind a diary of his "Left-leaning" writings,
McVeigh purportedly left intentions of his plans to bomb other targets in the
glove compartment of his car — a car which could be easily recognized and
traced to him.
Like Oswald who, after purportedly killing the president of the United
States, walked into a movie house without paying, purposely attracting the
attention of the police, McVeigh would speed down the highway at 80 miles an
hour without a license plate, purposefully attracting the attention of the
Highway Patrol. He would then meekly hand himself over for arrest, not even
attempting to draw his Glock 9mm pistol on the approaching cop, whom he could
have easily shot and killed.
Like the Mannlicher-Carcanno rifle which Oswald purportedly bought from
a mail-order supply house, and the Mannlicher-Carcanno cartridge found by Mrs.
Penn, McVeigh would leave a business card from Paulsen's Military Surplus with
a notation to pick up more TNT in the police cruiser after his arrest.
As Jim Garrison noted, "Some of these scenes were so preposterous only
the most gullible could swallow them."
Like Oswald, who was led out of the Dallas Police Department and
immediately shot by Jack Ruby, McVeigh would be led out of the Noble County
Courthouse in a bright orange jumpsuit, without a bullet-proof vest, paraded
before an angry crowd on the verge of violence.
Finally, like James Earl Ray, who was accused of killing Martin Luther
King, Jr., we are left pondering the significance of two similar vehicles, both
apparently tied to the crime. Ray had owned a white Ford Mustang, which was
seen speeding away after the assassination. Yet another white Mustang was seen
parked in front of Jim's Grill in Memphis, near where Ray had his car parked.
The two cars were almost identical, except for two things: While Ray was
wearing a suit on April 4, 1968, the driver of the other Mustang was wearing a
dark blue windbreaker; while Ray's car had Alabama plates, the other car had
One is reminded of the contradictory testimony of David Snider and Mike
Moroz, who saw two Ryder trucks on the morning of April 19, but with different
occupants. Another interesting parallel is that while McVeigh's Mercury
reportedly had Arizona tags, a white Oklahoma tag was seen by Gary Lewis
dangling from one bolt as the car sped away from the scene.
In spite of the numerous discrepancies, it seemed that by a convenient
string of associations, a carefully placed trail of evidence, and a carefully
planned and executed operation, Timothy McVeigh was implicated as prime suspect
number one in the plot to blow up the Alfred P. Murrah Building.
Like Lee Harvey Oswald, who was declared the "lone assassin" within
weeks, Timothy McVeigh would be declared — along with Terry Nichols —
the "lone bomber" within days. On the indictments, the Justice Department would
gratuitously add, "with others unknown." Yet these "others unknown" would fade
from official memory as the so-called "Justice" Department withdrew the John
Doe 2 sketch and the subsequent reward offer.
After his arrest, Lee Harvey Oswald announced to the television cameras,
"I'm a patsy!"
After his arrest, Timothy McVeigh told the London Sunday
Times he was "set up" for the bombing by the FBI because of his extreme
Never since the frame-up of Lee Harvey Oswald has the media gone out of
its way to portray a suspect as dangerous and malignant. While the mainstream
press took their cues from the FBI, they contradicted their own journalistic
common sense. The government and their mainstream media lap dogs have based
their theories of Timothy McVeigh upon the flimsiest of pretenses, while
ignoring the more obvious facts. The mainstream press, willing to take the
Federal Government's word as gospel, has succumbed, and perpetrated, the most
obvious propaganda. In so doing, they have violated every principal of thorough
and honest journalism, and have become nothing but a willing tool of the
As Stephen Jones said, "Before this investigation is all over with, the
government will have Tim McVeigh standing next to Lee Harvey Oswald."
Yet unlike Oswald, who was summarily executed by mob-connected police
officer Jack Ruby, McVeigh has quietly and safely settled into his newfound
circumstances. As the drama of his trial(s) unfold in a daily display of
evidence and witnesses, Timothy McVeigh may truly believe that justice will
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